• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Motivation essay

Extracts from this document...


Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance Motivation features highly in performance levels in the sporting world and often determines an individuals desire to perform. Formal definitions include: (see appendix 1) Motivation can be split into two defining sections, intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is said to come from within the individual, it bears no reliance on external stimuli and is the performer's inner drive and self - satisfaction. For example an athlete running by themselves around a circuit in their village, trying to beat their previous lap time would be defined as intrinsically motivated. Research has suggested that intrinsic motivation is longer lasting than extrinsic motivation and is therefore encouraged within younger athletes who need to be encouraged to carry on with the sport. This can be seen in 'startrack' athletics sessions where the coach's aim is to produce a fun and exciting course with little or no extrinsic rewards to distract the youngsters starting out in the athletic world. Intrinsically motivated people tend to be introvert and very quiet. ...read more.


Coaches have to be aware of motivation techniques when coaching a sports-person. There are many strategies to enhance motivation within the athlete and to be successful they must be taken into account. (see appendix 2) Arousal levels have close links with motivation and enhancing sports performance. Arousal levels vary naturally with biological rhythms but also in response to a range of environmental triggers. There have been various theories and research evaluations put forward to link arousal to performance and motivation. One such theory is the 'Reticular Activating System' theory. (see appendix 3) Drive theory (developed by 'Hull' and 'Spence') suggests that increasing levels of drive (arousal/motivation) will increase the performance of well learned dominant responses in a linear manner. (see appendix 4) The 'Inverted U' theory is often regarded as the optimal theory to explain arousal against performance. (see appendix 5) The type of sporting activity, the level of performer expertise and the personality of the performer all require different optimal levels of arousal. (see appendix 6) Research has shown (Nideffer 1976) ...read more.


When setting goals/targets a coach/trainer should tend to use outcome goals minimally and generally focus more on the athlete's performance. Outcome goals set the athlete on winning/the end result, resulting in low levels of achievement motivation and them becoming a NAF performer. Performance goals however are set to be judged against ones performance and how they achieved rather than what they achieved. Goals should follow the SMARTER guidelines to prove effective and increase performance levels: (see appendix 8) Goals also need to prioritised into short term or long term focal points: (see appendix 9) Without goals a sports player would almost definitely not be motivated to improve and strive for better performances. They wouldn't have anything to look to and would not feel the need to push themselves. Therefore goal setting plays a large role in motivating a sports performer. Motivation has been heavily researched throughout time and much is yet to be discovered about how the human mind works. Yet we do know that motivation is one of the main mental factors in sporting performance. The overriding conclusion from all sources and researchers is that motivation depends on an individual's character and how their personality reacts to different situations. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. In this piece of coursework I will be looking at the role of motivation ...

    personal records and aim to be the best at that sport or activity. Figure 3 - shows David Beckham just before taking a free kick Simply an elite performer who has reached to the top such Ronaldo Luis Naz�rio de Lima who scored the most goals in the world cup

  2. Skill Acquisition Essay

    It plays a big role in a sport like Thai boxing when the performer is either applying pressure onto the opponent or receiving it via a punch/kick etc.

  1. Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance

    Different levels of arousal will affect your performance in different situations. You need to ensure that your arousal levels are at the right standard for your sport. For example Manchester United was top of the premier league table by 7 points and they suffered from under arousal due to the lack of competition and lost focus.

  2. Psychology in Sport: Anxiety, Stress and Sports Performance

    Alongside the above, there are factors, which include: Time management, goal setting, life-style management and relaxation techniques - where each of which can reduce the likelihood of anxiety and stress during performance. Somatic methods include: MUSCULAR RELAXATION and RELAXTION Muscular relaxation was devised as an effective technique to relax the muscles in the body.

  1. Free essay

    A2 PE Factors Affecting Performance - Anxiety / Arousal

    was introduced; it relates to cognitive and somatic anxiety. Refer to appendix 5. It implies that once I start putting the performance should improve as the event progresses as the performer gets more used to the action within the event; this is assuming the cognitive anxiety is constant. This theory was backed up by Richards (1995)

  2. A2 Practical Assessment Of Rugby

    A ruck is usually formed from when a tackled player hits the floor and puts the ball on the ground, the tackler and his team will then try and get the ball off him by bending over and stealing it or driving over it, the tackled players team-mates will then

  1. Analysis of My performance In Rugby

    on the back foot giving your team the opportunity to score points. Tackling Tackling is the key to whether you win or lose games. Miss tackles, lose points. Being able to tackle on both shoulders is a strength which I have always had and helps me when I play as

  2. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    The successful athlete has an optimal blend of training modes and methods. And just as with any other type of fitness, the intensity and duration of training must be increased gradually over time in a logical progression that allows the athlete to peak for the most important competitions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work