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Nutrition and Sports Performance

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Introduction

´╗┐What is nutrition? What is diet? The process by which living organisms obtain food and use it for growth, metabolism and repair. A diet that contains adequate amounts of all the necessary nutrients required for a living organism for growth and activity. What is Micronutrients? Types of food which is required in trace amounts by living organism which is needed for the human diet. What is Macronutrients? Types of food which is required in relatively large amount?s by living organism which is needed for the human diet. What is Carbohydrates? What is health? Is a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods which include sugars, starch and cellulose. It is broken down to release energy in the body. Is the state of being free from illness or injury. What is protein? Is a large dietary component which has long chains of amino acids and essential part of living organisms. Examples foods of protein are fish. What is Fat? Fat is a nutrient, it is crucial for body function it supplies living organisms with energy and makes it possible for other nutrients to do their jobs, e.g. ...read more.

Middle

Eating a variety of foods from all food groups ensures you get all of the essential vitamins, minerals and antioxidants you need. Safe Intake Measureable amount of nutrient for all individuals ensuring they have no less or no more of a specific nutrient for e.g. 14 years upwards should have 6g of salt a day so no more or no less. EAR Ear is Estimated Average Requirement which is the average daily nutrient intake level estimated to meet the requirements of half the healthy individuals in a particular life stage and gender group. Components of a balanced diet; A balanced diet is recommended to help keep individuals healthy and manage their weight. A balanced diet consists of eating a wide variety of different foods to get all the vitamins, nutrients and antioxidants that an individual needs for growth and maintenance which will keep their body strong and help prevent disease. Healthy eating is the foundation for health and quality of life throughout an individual?s lifetime. The basic building blocks of a balanced diet include fruits, vegetables, grains, protein, fats and dairy products. ...read more.

Conclusion

Meal timing is important also as pre-workout or pregame meals give an athlete the energy they need to last the duration of their event and should eat one to two hours prior to starting game. Athletes need about 35 percent of their daily calories from primarily unsaturated fats for optimal performance. General Public Diet; Non-athletes require about 2,000-2,500 calories a day, ensuring they have 3 balanced meals which are breakfast, lunch and dinner and snacks in between. General public should ensure they eat enough foods from these main food groups; bread, other cereals and potatoes which are starchy foods which include pasta and rice providing energy, fibre, vitamins and minerals. Fruits and vegetable, providing fibre, vitamins and minerals, milk and dairy products providing calcium for healthy bones and teeth, and lastly meat, fish and alternative providing protein and vitamins and minerals. General public need to ensure they have these entire but in considerate amounts such as total carbohydrate should be 300g and protein should be 50g. General public should ensure they follow the eat well plate which shows how much of a certain food group they should eat allowing them to be healthy and not at risk of any illnesses such as diabetes, cholesterol, heart attacks. http://uk.ask.com/web?q=What+Does+RNI+Stand+for&qsrc=3082&o=420&l=dir http://uk.ask.com/what-is/what_is_safe_intake http://www.weightlossresources.co.uk/children/nutrition_calorie_needs.htm ...read more.

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