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Outline the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how practice makes perfect.

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Introduction

Outline the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how practice makes perfect Skill is an inherent part of every sport. Performers use skill to achieve their objectives, for example; scoring a goal, executing somersaults or hitting a forehand winner. Skill is fundamental to all sports performance. Skill and technique are often used to inter-changeably in sport. Skill could be defined s a performer's ability to select, organise and perform techniques, appropriate to a particular situation, in an effective, consistent and efficient way. Techniques are concerned with how performers execute sports movement; skill is concerned with why and when performers execute the movements. A sliced serve in tennis, a round off in gymnastics and a push pass in hockey are all examples of techniques. Most sports involve a variety or combination of separate techniques. Therefore, learning a variety of techniques is important for developing sport potential. Ability is a term synonymous with the word skill and is often used in the definition of skilled behaviour. ...read more.

Middle

* All practices should be designed to develop learners' awareness of their own performances and outcomes. * Practices should reflect in a meaningful way what is required in the 'whole' skill or situation. * Learners should be given a rest from practice the moment their performance begins to deteriorate. However, the practice should be returned to. * Practice reinforces ideas. * Only perfect practice eventually gives perfect results. It is commonly believed that once the third stage of learning has been reached, the more permanent the performance of techniques will become. Common sense suggests that more practice will lead to over learning which, if corrective, will result in competent and skilful performance-practice makes permanent, permanent leads to perfect. The amount of practice or repetition of the technique results in over learning and this improves the retention of how to perform the technique. Coaches should encourage over practice in sports where reproducing the same techniques is important for success. This will help to refine the technique and make it more resistant to forgetting. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, not all time is equal in predicting achievement. Time spent in games or scrimmages has been shown to be negatively related to achievement. They do not conform to the good instructional dynamics of blocks of repetitions with feedback. Individual student practice is the single most important determinant of success in learning a motor skill. The more a student practices at a high rate of success, the more likely learning will occur. Thus, individual, challenging, and successful practice with equipment is the most effective activity for altering skill competency. Organizational strategies which promote appropriate practice are important. Athletes need to spend sufficient time for learning to occur and to be translated into consistent performance. Practicing for a day or two and expecting refined movements to result is a misconception that underlies many poor sporting endeavors. This tendency results in a decrement in learning and athletes playing games at inappropriate skill levels. Such resulting situations "turn-off" students to the activity, their perception being that they are "not good enough" to do the activity. Many physical education situations are actually teaching students not to do activities rather than building their skill repertoires. ...read more.

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