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Ports Performance - Talent Identification.

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Introduction

Sports Performance Talent Identification Talent identification Talent identification is where a young or old athlete shows some potential in a certain sport or event. You can get talent identification and also you can get talent development. Talent development is different from talent identification in that talent identification occurs when an athlete is identified to have the skills to be good in a particular sport or event, but currently don't do not take part in it. Talent identification is different from talent development as the sport person is already actively taking part in the sport. Talent identification isn't identifying the sports person it nurturing them. Talent development plays a big part in promoting successful elite performers as coaches can identify the higher quality athletes from those already taking part. A little problem with this is that a coach might know identify if the athlete may be better in a different event. Talent identification identifies if an athlete is suited to a different event. E.g. talent identification will determine if a swimmer is better at the 200 metres freestyle instead of the 100 metres. This will be determined by test that the coach will carry out on the athlete. Talent identification is a well-recognised programme that most sports have to find the next Olympic champion. Coaches can identify a potential athlete, but this wont result in instant success, the athlete will have to put in a lot of hard and be very dedicated. As in every sport you have some very talented athletes but with out a lot of hard work they will never succeed, and on the other hand you can get some athletes that are not the most talent but they put the work in and they succeed To reach the top you have to have some talent. "An extremely complex attribute genetically determined, complex in structure and subject to environmental conditions" (kozel 1996) ...read more.

Middle

At an early age it is very easy for some one to think you have a talent, you may have a talent but people can't tell if that swimmer will make it to international level. Young swimmers do have a talent, there talent is to be able to swim, but this isn't enough to be a world record holder. It needs the right training, the right coaching and the right amount of backing from your parents. Without any of these you will not make it as a swimmer to the top. Swimmers might have all these aspect and still not make it, as they don't have the right body shape. If a swimmer doesn't have to right body shape it will make it hard for that athlete to succeed. Swimmer with the wrong body shape have still made it but it takes more dedication and hard work that it would for a swimmer will the perfect swimmers body shape. "It is important that athletes have the given height and limb length. Swimmers must have great technical skill. Without a doubt technical aspects of swimming are extremely important, so are body position, core body strength, hip and trunk rotation" (Bill Sweetenham- GB National performance director 2001) There are many different aspects as you can see that a coach needs to spot within a swimmer. Once the coach has spotted to swimmer she/he needs to coach them right, they need to make sure they train them hard but not to hard as the swimmer can be easily 'burnt out' being such an early age. At the moment Bill Sweetanham is making all swimmers that he considers to be a potential to be doing at least 50-60k metres a week. That is 2400 lengths a week. He expects the swimmer to be doing this at the age of 15-16 year old. He has research this and has found out that only 5 of the Olympic medallist in 2000 were under 60k a week. ...read more.

Conclusion

The way some people are built gives them the innate ability to reach to hard training positively. On the other hand other athletes don't reach positively to hard training. Our ability to train runs in the family through our genes, there are many people who train very hard and don't get anywhere with there sport. This is because his or her genes are not adapted to hard training in the same way as someone with the innate ability to respond to training. A good coach would look for someone who trains hard and are able to complete a full training programme. The athlete would need to be of the right somatotype for that certain sport and have the right attitude for hard training. Swimmers will follow a certain stroke, once the best stoke is found for the swimmer you can them start to fit a training programme around it. E.g. a backstroke swimmer will need to work a lot on backstroke instead of working on their fly. Once the stroke is identified the next problem is finding the right distance for that swimmer. The coach will look at their somatotype as this gets some clue in what distance to swimmer will be best at. The training programme cannot be completed until the distance of the swimmer is identified, as the longer the distance the more work they need to do. On average sprint swimmers will only do about 40-50k metres a week, middle distance swimmers will do between 60-70k a week and long distance swimmers will do 70k+. This is because sprint swimmers don't know as much endurance as a long distance swimmer. On the other hand long distance swimmers do know as much speed as sprints. Trainability of each athlete can vary a great deal. It is very important to identify the athlete different strengths before they start to write a training programme for them. The coach needs to remember the following things before writing the programme: > Stroke of the individual > The individuals body make up > The distance of the swimmer. ...read more.

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