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Psychology for Sports Performance - task1 - How personality affects sports performance.

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Introduction

Sports Psychology Task 1 P1 - Describe personality and then how personality affects sports performance. Personality is the sum of those characteristics that make a person unique. Personality and the potential effects it can have on sports participation and sports performance has been of interest to sport psychologists and researches as far back as the late 1800s. Personality types In sports psychology the narrowband approach can be personality characterised and grouped into Type A and Type B. Type A individuals can be described as people who are impatient, lack tolerance of others and have high levels of personal anxiety. Also have a strong urge for competition, have high desire to achieve goals, always rush to complete activities, will happily multi-task when placed under heavy time constraints. Also Type B individuals can be described as people who are more relaxed; they are also tolerant towards others and have low levels of personal anxiety and display higher levels of imagination and creativity. Effects of sports performance on Type A and Type B There is no direct link between personality type and successful sporting performance. Some research has suggested that certain personality types may be more attracted to certain sports, but little says that your personality will make you a better athlete. Although the type A and Type B approach to personality does have some application to sports settings, its greater use has come in the exercise and health psychology through its uses in predicting coronary heart disease. ...read more.

Middle

E.g. the player may consist of being active, energetic, social little concern for possible consequences, lacks concentration, likes excitement and variety is the spice of life. Also the football player would mainly be in Type B category, which consists of people who are more relaxed; they are also tolerant towards others and have low levels of personal anxiety. While a singles tennis player would be mainly introversion as they wouldn't have a team to perform with so they would usually be working with themselves. The tennis players may consist of being inactive, lethargic, likes peace and quiet, good concentration, self-conscious, safety and security and ruled by fears. Also the tennis player would mainly be in Type A category, which consists of people who are impatient, lack tolerance of others and have high levels of personal anxiety. Task 2 P2 - Describe motivation and how it affects sports performance. Motivation is desire to achieve a goal, combined with the energy to work towards that goal. Students who are motivated have a desire to undertake their study and complete the requirements of their course. Motivation types There are different types of motivation namely: intrinsic, extrinsic and achievement. Intrinsic motivation This is the internal drive that encourages people to participate, perform well or succeed in sport. ...read more.

Conclusion

Situational Approach theory is the situational approach theory attempts to provide a perspective on organizations and management based on the integration of prior theories. Interactional Approach theory is when both the situation and the person determine their behaviour. Motivation theories would differ to these, which are: Intrinsic motivation is the internal drive that encourages people to participant, perform well or succeed in sport. Extrinsic motivation this involves external influences, which may affect the performer. Achievement motivation is your personality type, which may determine how motivated you are. There would also be different performance in athletes in each one e.g. in personality the athlete would be either a extroversion or a introversion depending if their in Type A or Type B category. The athletes would also consist of being active, energetic, social little concern for possible consequences, lacks concentration, likes excitement and variety is the spice of life. Also they would be more relaxed; they are also tolerant towards others and have low levels of personal anxiety. While the effects of performance in motivation would mean the athlete would be the tendency to strive for success, persist in the fear of failure, and experience pride in accomplishments. In the contest of an athlete it is an athletes overcoming barriers and obstacles, performing better than others and taking pride in participation. Also the athletes would be in either Nach or Naf category, which is those that have high need to achieve or those who have a high need to avoid failure. Ryan McLaughlin 1 ...read more.

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