• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Review The Classification Of Skills To Include The Differences Between Individual, Co-Active and Interactive Skills.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Review The Classification Of Skills To Include The Differences Between Individual, Co-Active and Interactive Skills A skill is a mixture of ability and technique that is learned by a performer. The more a skill is practised, the easier it should become to consistently repeat that skill with little trouble or difficulty. Knapp defined skill as: "The learned ability to bring about pre-determined results with maximum certainty often with minimal outlay of time, energy or both" Abilities can come naturally, such as the ability the run fast or to have good vision, but having good abilities does not mean you can perform a skill. A tennis player like Tim Henman may have good vision to spot where to place a ball on the court, but it will take a lot of practice to learn the skill of getting the ball to land where he wants it. By continuously playing shots around the court, he will pick up the skill to be able to accurately place the ball where he desires, with little effort both physically and mentally. As there are so many different variations of skills, there are many ways of classifying them. ...read more.

Middle

The performer will go through a pre-learned sequence of motor activities with no reference to the environment it is being performed in. Once learned, closed skills should be performed in exactly the same way each time. A good example of this is darts, aiming for a specific number. There are no outside physical factors that interfere with the performance. The board remains stationary, and the environment remains the same. Self Paced and Externally Paced Skills The pacing continuum recognises two extremes of skill, with other skills fitting in between the two extremes. A self-paced skill is where the performer controls the rate at which the action takes place. This can mean taking as much, or as little time as they want. An example of this is a set shot in basketball. It can be taken as and when the player wants to. An externally paced skill is where the timing of the action is not controlled by the performer, but by an outside instigator. This could be an official or another performer. In tennis, the receiver of a serve will have to use externally paced skill to return the ball, as it is his opponent who chooses where and when the ball is hit. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is an individual skill. Co-active skills are those performed at the same time as others but without direct confrontation. In a 400metre race, competitors will run against each other, but will not be able to physically influence someone else's performance, as they are in separate lanes. Interactive skills are those in which other performers are directly involved. There is a direct influence on skilful performance, created from the opposition. The greater the level of interaction is, the greater the potential is for the opponents to affect each others games. Football is a good example for this, as depending on how good a player is at tackling or dribbling, there can be various consequences, influencing mistakes either way. The different skills I have listed in this essay, are usually involved in continuums devised by Barbera Knapp. Depending on the sport, there are different requirements to the skills that are needed. By identifying the requirements, skills can be more easily developed. Most skills are often closely linked to one-another. Closed skills and individual skills are very closely linked, as there is no outside physical factors affecting either. Each sport is either played individually, co-actively or interactively, and they all require different forms of skill to give a perfect performance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. AS Sport Studies Written Project: Football Skills

    * Aim to get plenty of power into the shot, but didn't sacrifice accuracy. Heading The forehead is the safest and most effective part of the head to use. So get yourself into the best position and get the timing of your headers right.

  2. PEP basketball

    This is a very valid and reliable test, repeats seem consistent and it does give a good measurement of what I wanted it to. Sit and Reach Test - Flexibility Equipment: Sit and reach box, marking slider. Target Population: Everyone without injury.

  1. Free essay

    Practical Sports Study (Individual) log Book for Badminton

    Strengths - During the session I realise my overhead clear and underarm clear are much better than my previous session because I judged the power on my swing and it caused my opponent running all the way back of the court and also my positioning on the court are getting better.

  2. The Classification of Skills.

    As illustrated above on the continuum high jump is more serial than discrete or continuous. The reason being it consists of many skills such as running, jumping, stretching etc. Simple and Complex skills If a skill can be easily performed with very few subroutines and minimum concentration it is known as s 'simple' skill.

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    * Score a fifty. This is the target I want to achieve the most as I feel it is an important benchmark for batsmen and if I can score one fifty I feel that they will come regularly. * Take twenty wickets.

  2. PPP Action plan 2003.

    kgs I tried for 90 but couldn't quite get it 5/02W A lot of time spent on the shooting, probably the best shooting I have produced, my stance was perfect and the shots were dropping, coach added the defenders, the percentage did drop with the added pressure, but still it was way above what I had previously been achieving.

  1. Gaelic football

    Increased production of synovial fluid allows efficient, smooth at the joint. Hormonal advantages . Secretion of adrenaline increases the metabolic rate. A warm up has psychological advantages to the performer; it prepares them mentally for their event. If they can spend a few minutes alone warming up it gives

  2. Netball Attacking skills.

    * You and your partner stand about 1 metre apart. * One person plays the part of the feeder while the other person is the receiver. * The feeder; feeds passes to the receiver and the receiver has to react to the ball and send it back.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work