• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Review The Classification Of Skills To Include The Differences Between Individual, Co-Active and Interactive Skills.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Review The Classification Of Skills To Include The Differences Between Individual, Co-Active and Interactive Skills A skill is a mixture of ability and technique that is learned by a performer. The more a skill is practised, the easier it should become to consistently repeat that skill with little trouble or difficulty. Knapp defined skill as: "The learned ability to bring about pre-determined results with maximum certainty often with minimal outlay of time, energy or both" Abilities can come naturally, such as the ability the run fast or to have good vision, but having good abilities does not mean you can perform a skill. A tennis player like Tim Henman may have good vision to spot where to place a ball on the court, but it will take a lot of practice to learn the skill of getting the ball to land where he wants it. By continuously playing shots around the court, he will pick up the skill to be able to accurately place the ball where he desires, with little effort both physically and mentally. As there are so many different variations of skills, there are many ways of classifying them. ...read more.

Middle

The performer will go through a pre-learned sequence of motor activities with no reference to the environment it is being performed in. Once learned, closed skills should be performed in exactly the same way each time. A good example of this is darts, aiming for a specific number. There are no outside physical factors that interfere with the performance. The board remains stationary, and the environment remains the same. Self Paced and Externally Paced Skills The pacing continuum recognises two extremes of skill, with other skills fitting in between the two extremes. A self-paced skill is where the performer controls the rate at which the action takes place. This can mean taking as much, or as little time as they want. An example of this is a set shot in basketball. It can be taken as and when the player wants to. An externally paced skill is where the timing of the action is not controlled by the performer, but by an outside instigator. This could be an official or another performer. In tennis, the receiver of a serve will have to use externally paced skill to return the ball, as it is his opponent who chooses where and when the ball is hit. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is an individual skill. Co-active skills are those performed at the same time as others but without direct confrontation. In a 400metre race, competitors will run against each other, but will not be able to physically influence someone else's performance, as they are in separate lanes. Interactive skills are those in which other performers are directly involved. There is a direct influence on skilful performance, created from the opposition. The greater the level of interaction is, the greater the potential is for the opponents to affect each others games. Football is a good example for this, as depending on how good a player is at tackling or dribbling, there can be various consequences, influencing mistakes either way. The different skills I have listed in this essay, are usually involved in continuums devised by Barbera Knapp. Depending on the sport, there are different requirements to the skills that are needed. By identifying the requirements, skills can be more easily developed. Most skills are often closely linked to one-another. Closed skills and individual skills are very closely linked, as there is no outside physical factors affecting either. Each sport is either played individually, co-actively or interactively, and they all require different forms of skill to give a perfect performance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. PEP basketball

    Stations that are aimed to improve agility and speed will be placed into my circuit hence therefore. A I have already stated CV fitness and Muscular endurance are a necessity to almost every aspect of the game and for this reason I will be focusing on this within my PEP

  2. AS Sport Studies Written Project: Football Skills

    * He kept his shots low and aimed for the corners as this is the hardest area for the goalkeeper to save. * He shoots towards the far post using his arms for balance also, and then another team-mate could take advantage of any rebounds.

  1. Free essay

    Practical Sports Study (Individual) log Book for Badminton

    Weaknesses - During my doubles match, I did not communicate with my partner loud and clear causing both of us colliding into each other and also my backhand return shots are not producing enough power, making it going straight into the net or outside the court area.

  2. The Classification of Skills.

    As illustrated above on the continuum high jump is more serial than discrete or continuous. The reason being it consists of many skills such as running, jumping, stretching etc. Simple and Complex skills If a skill can be easily performed with very few subroutines and minimum concentration it is known as s 'simple' skill.

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    Faced 55 Four's Scored 4 Six's Scored 1 Strike Rate 76.36 Shots On Off-Side 14 Shots On Leg-Side 41 Shots In Air 10 Drop Catches 3 Batting Graph Bowling Stats Overs Bowled 4 Maidens 0 Runs Conceded 18 Wickets 0 Average --- Wides 0 No-Balls 2 Balls Down leg Side

  2. Gaelic football

    Helps lower levels of adrenaline Sample Gaelic football warm-up routine For a warm up to be totally effective, there are 3 main stages, which are; Phase1; this has the purpose of raising the heart rate and body temperature. This can be achieved by performing some sort of cardiovascular activity such as jogging.

  1. Netball Attacking skills.

    * The ball can be fed high/low, fast/slow, hard/soft, bouncing etc * This demonstrates and practises the receiver reacting to the ball in different situations (which may occur throughout a game.) Coaching points * Be on your toes at all times - ready to receive the pass * Fully extend

  2. Analyse the skills that make a top performer in football.

    The Overlap If there is open room on the wing aside of the ball carrier, the overlap could be exploited as a dangerous attack. When used down the wing, the overlap is very difficult to cover by the other side's defenders.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work