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Review the classification of skills to include the differences between individual, coactive and interactive skills

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Introduction

Review the classification of skills to include the differences between individual, coactive and interactive skills Skill is a very important concept in sport for both the participant and the coach as well. A Skill is " An organised co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or situation which involves a whole chain of sensory central and motor mechanisms"(Welford). However a performance in sport which is seen as skillful has to include some of these qualities. -Consistency -Accuracy -Control -An intention -Fluidity Skill is usually misunderstood and confused with ability and technique but is completely different, ability is what you are born with and how you have grown up to link concise movements. It is learned from an early age, like walking, this is needed to carry out a particular skill fully and also technique is needed to perform the skill. Skills are important to performers and there are many types of skill, which occur in sport today and In this essay I am going to review them linking the to individual sports and activities. Different types of Skill Cognitive skills- these include intellectual skills such as the player being able to think within a game and to be able to work out scores and other various situations where thinking is required. Perceptual skills- this is basically how participants interpret a situation which arises in sport, as the same information may be given to another but our brain interprets it slightly different depending on our level of experience within situations like it. ...read more.

Middle

= 8-9 Badminton smash = 8 Closed skills Rowing action =1-2 Basketball freeshot = 1-2 Tennis serve = 2-3 Cycling = 1 Penalty in football = 2-3 (excluding environmental factors) Badminton =2-3 The sports above are my own interpretations of where they would be placed on knapps scale. Skills can be classified by the amount of movement, and if it is intense movement, using power and strength or small accurate movements, and also by the size of the muscle groups involved in the skill. These are also classified on a continuum. There are known as motor skills and are subdivided into two categories fine and Gross. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Motor movement sport Place on continuum fine Golf - putting 2-3 fine Bowls -rolling ball 1-2 gross Rugby -Tackle 9 gross Shot put-throwing put 8-9 Pacing This is the degree to which the performer controls the timing. I.e. how long they have to execute a skill and if they control the time length. Examples can be placed on a continuum. Externally paced skill - includes sports/events where the timing of the performance is controlled by an outside instigator. Self-paced Skills-these are skills which are controlled by the performer and the decide upon the amount of time they want to use in order to execute skill. Skill Sporting example Externally paced Events like 100 & 200m sprint Self-paced Golf-drive Other examples can be placed on different points on the continuum as the degree of execution of the skill is controlled partly by the performer and by the instigator. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example a gymnast will train different to a footballer. In a training session a gymnast is more likely to focus on working individually, as the event requires individual talent. Using individual skills will help to increase performance, as it will stop others from trying to imply your style, and will build up confidence for performing by yourself. However a footballer is going to train differently in a training session as he would benefit more from using interactive skills as its more realistic to the actual sporting situation, which he would encounter in a game. The two sports would also require different training methods. A gymnast would benefit more from an individual training programme where he is helped by the coach with his/her programme, this is because it will gain them more self-confidence, and will be better to help them achieving an individual goal. A footballer being part of a team would most proberly use more command style teaching methods, where a large number of them, could be trained the same skill at once. Also a guided discovery style in order to use perceptual skills to use particular formations to over come problems and to overcome situations like overcoming particular offside traps without being told. This would benefit them more as it would be more like a real game. By looking at the classifications of skills both sports performers and coaches can benefit, as it can be used as a guidance in training, and also if there is weaknesses in the performance, if these can be improved by training particular types of skills. ...read more.

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