• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Review the classifications of skills, to include the differences between individual, coactive, and interactive skills.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Review the classifications of skills, to include the differences between individual, coactive, and interactive skills. Many theorists have tried to analyse the range of skills applicable in sport. Different activities require different types of skills as they have different requirements. Skills need to be categorised, so that teachers can adapt their teaching style for different skills. Many things affect skills, for example, whether the movement has a recognisable beginning and end, the effect of the surrounding environment, and the precision of movement. Skills that have common characteristics are grouped together. There are many ways of classifying skills, for example 'Classification continuums'. Continuums are affected by individual interpretation. Skills can be classified on a scale depending on their role. Different classifications are used, depending on the purpose. 'Classification is often seen as a starting point for the planning of teaching strategies and approaches to learning. A combination of methods may be used in order to identify the range of requirements of the skill'. (Advanced PE for Edexcel-2000) The effect of the environment can be measured by continua's. Barbara Knapp (1963) called these open and closed skills. ...read more.

Middle

The movement is usually very precise, and involves high levels of hand and eye co-ordination, an example of where a fine skill is used could be a pass in football, or in a golf drive. It usually involves a high degree of hand/ eye co-ordination. Gross.......................................................................................................Fine (John Honeybourne- 2000) Self-paced and externally paced skills focus on the timing of movements. In a javelin throw, for example, the performer controls the rate at which the skill is executed. This therefore, is a self paced skill. The environment controls an externally paced skill. An opponent, official, time, or a whistle are examples of things that control the rate at which the skill is performed. An example of an externally paced skill is receiving a tennis serve, or a sprint start. S E L F P A C E D Skill category 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (Pacing continuum-Edexcel- Heinemann-2000) E X T P A C E D Discrete, serial, and continuous continuums are concerned with the definition of the beginning, and end of the skill. A discrete skill is a well-defined action. ...read more.

Conclusion

Each of these skills has different performance requirements. Individual and coactive skills are often pre-learned, although this is not possible for interactive skills, as a game situation is never the same. You need to adapt to the environment. Closed..............................................................................................Open Self Externally Paced................................................................................................Paced Discrete...............................................................................................Serial (Profile of skill requirements of a rugby tackle) (Edexcel- Heinemann- pg. 106. Year 2000) This essay has explained how skills are classified into different groups, depending on their characteristics. Due to the many ways of classifying skill, an analytical approach is needed. This is why these continua's exist Frank Galligan et al. said, 'Classification is often seen as a starting point for the planning of teaching strategies and approaches to learning'. I think that continuums are a lot of help to athletes and teachers. The reason for which we classify skills, is to optimise the learning, development and performance of sport. Teaching styles can be adapted for different skills due to these continua's. The teacher may decide to teach a skill in sub routines, for example, a lay up in basketball, as this may optimise the class's performance. The criticism of these continua's can only be that there is room for individual interpretation. For some people, a certain skill could be classified as an open skill, but for some, it could be considered as a closed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. AS Sport Studies Written Project: Football Skills

    the ball which this led other player approaching him and tackling him. Evaluation Following the task of observing my performer and comparing him to a technical model and county player and making conclusions of his strengths and weakness I have realised there some skills that my performer can carry out

  2. PEP basketball

    The test is conducted as follows: * Measure out a 20 metres section and mark each end with a marker cone * The athlete carries out a warm up programme of jogging and stretching exercises * The test is conducted * * The athlete must place one foot on or

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    I have to look at to give a wider picture of why I performed in that way. I am going to compare and contrast my bowling performance with my general fitness in that particular match. As I go to the gym I test my fitness every couple months just to

  2. A2 pe coursework

    This is very helpful for her team if they the opportunity for a quick ball to be given. Weaknesses: * It is very often that Jenny does footwork when trying to do the running pass - she holds onto the ball for too long, and so her third foot has landed by the time she passes the ball.

  1. Leadership Essay

    A sporting example of the effectiveness of this style can be seen in a timeout situation in a basketball match. The coach needs to get across what he wants the team to do in a very short time. He needs the team's attention straight away and a dictative fashion of

  2. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    Lastly I did thirty to forty sit-ups or sometimes this was replaced with 20-30 press-ups. I did this last because this was also not very intensive and so would act a bit like a cool-down, as well as building up my endurance.

  1. Types of Learning and how they apply to developing football skills.

    place this can either be a: throwing, goal kick or restart from the centre. Other basic rules: 11aside, two 45minute half's with a max. 15 minute half time break, only goalkeepers allowed to pick up the ball, all other players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands

  2. An Investigation Into The Performance Of A Basketball Player

    Opposite leg pulled up for height on jump. Knees bent and balanced. Dips jumping knees as takes off. Opposite leg pulled up for height on jump. Footwork RHS - picks up ball when stepping with left foot. -First step with right foot -Jumps off of left foot pulling right knee up.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work