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Skill, Ability and Technique - When talking about the gaining and developing of skill in the sporting environment.

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Introduction

Skill, Ability and Technique When talking about the gaining and developing of skill in the sporting environment, it is important that you understand the different types of skill, and also the difference between skill and ability and how these to terms come into contact with technique. Skill Skill is a word, which has a large number of meanings. In sport the word skill is mainly used as a concept rather than a word. We usually talk in terms of skill in a variety of sport, for example a volley in football, or as a sport itself as a skill. " In order to perform a particular skill in sport, we must learn the required technique. In order to learn the technique fully, we must have the necessary abilities." The use a the word skill in a sport is seen as co-ordinated act, involving complex movements bought together in a consistent and smooth manner. Everyone has a different view of what a skilful movement is as the analysis of a skill is mainly based on individuals own perception of a skill. This means that an expert performer will have a different perception on the skill than that one of a novice. ...read more.

Middle

"Motor abilities are relatively enduring traits which are generally stable qualities or factors that help a person carry out a particular act" (E. Fleishman) The difference between skill and ability is that a skill can be taught and changed and your ability is something that is inherited from your parents and in theory cannot be taught. To structure practices to enhance your performance for agility is very difficult as you are born with your abilities. However an Australian sports psychologist has found ways of improving hand/eye co-ordination by doing special eye exercises. These exercises are starting to be used more frequently in sports such as cricket to improve hand/eye co-ordination but they are not yet proven to work. Technique Technique is a word commonly used next to the words skill and ability. Techniques is often confused with skill. There is a very strong relationship between the three. Technique is something, which you need to have to complete a particular skill. It is often confused with skill. To perform a particular skill in any sport you will have to a required technique. In order to perform a particular skill in a sport you must learn the required technique, and in order to learn the technique fully, we must have the necessary abilities. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some sports will have examples of different types of skill. For example shooting from open play in basketball is an open skill but it is placed not quite so far along the line as heading for goal as obviously the weather and pitch conditions are not important. However a free shot is a closed skill. Styles Of teaching Mosston's spectrum of teaching styles This spectrum describes ten distinctive teaching styles based on the degree that the teacher and/or students assume responsibility for what occurs in the lesson. 1. Command All decisions are controlled by the teacher. 2. Practice Students execute teacher-prescribed movement tasks on their own. 3. Reciprocal Partner helps in some teaching/coaching prescribed by the teacher. 4. Self-check Teacher plans and students monitor their own performance against criteria. 5. Inclusion Planned by teacher, students monitor personal progress. 6. Guided discovery Teacher provides clues to solving movement problems. 7. Problem-solving Students find answers to problems set by the teacher. 8. Individual Teacher sets content, student plans programme. 9. Learner-initiated Student plans programme, submits evaluation to teacher. 10. Self-teaching Student is teacher and learner, takes responsibility for own learning. The first five teaching styles focus mainly on reproducing what is known. The last five styles focus on discovery learning. All styles, with the exception of the first two, are useful in developing personal and social learning outcomes through increasing your ownership of the learning process. ...read more.

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