• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Skill, Ability & Technique - How To Structure Practices

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

TASK 1 - Discuss the differences between SKILL, ABILITY and TECHNIQUE and explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components of fitness. 'Skill' may be defined as "the learned ability to bring about pre-determined results with maximum certainty and maximum efficiency" [PE TO 16]. Another way of putting it is "a coordinated act, involving complex movements brought together in a consistent and smooth manner." It's not too easy to agree upon a standard definition. However, most people would find this definition of the concept sufficient: An organized coordinated activity in relation to an object or situation, which involves a whole chain of sensory, central and motor mechanisms. Welford (Advanced PE for EDEXCEL) I will briefly touch on the different types of skills here: - * Cognitive Skills - also known as intellectual skills, these involve thought process. For example, adding up the judges' scores at the end of a diving performance. * Perceptual Skills - these involve interpretation of stimuli. Different people interpret data in a different way. I.e. when shown given data, one may see what another doesn't, and vice versa. Figures 1.1 and 1.2 below show how perceptions affect how we 'see' things sometimes. ...read more.

Middle

'Technique' is quite often confused with skill. Wikipedia's Wikitionary defined it as "a way of accomplishing a task that is not immediately obvious". The relationship between skill, ability and technique can be demonstrated by the following formula: SKILL = ABILITY + TECHNIQUE As technique is something we have to learn, and ability is something we are born with, skill should therefore be what we learn to go with our abilities in order to perform skillfully. If you consider the definitions of skill and ability, you will see that performers at the elite level must have been born with natural abilities and then developed the specific techniques for them to perform the skills at such a high level. STRUCTURING PRACTICES TO ENHANCE THESE COMPONENTS OF FITNESS When teaching a new skill, it is important for the coach to remember that the student has a limited channel capacity and therefore too much or fast information may well cause a system overload. So, depending on the skill, i.e. complex or simple, the coach will have to decide which type of practice is most appropriate. So this brings us to the types of practices. As far as we are concerned here, there are 4 types of practices, which are: * Externally paced skills are those where the skill execution is not totally dictated by the athlete. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Massed Practice Sessions - this involves a continuous session with no breaks in between sections. Aimed at high-level performers who have higher levels of fitness, it's most suited to fixed practice. It allows for the skills to be demonstrated under pressurized conditions where feedback is intrinsic and the athletes can make their own adjustments. An example would be the same as activities as mentioned in the distributed practice, but with no breaks in between each activity. Also, the coach must be sure to give the learner feedback [i.e. positive, negative, extrinsic, intrinsic, terminal, concurrent, Knowledge of Performance (KP), Knowledge of Results (KR)]. The athlete should remember the principles of training: Specificity Progression Overload Reversibility And also, the FITT concept: Frequency Intensity Time Type of activity In conclusion, structuring practices to enhance performance will depend on the skill being taught. Practices need to be set up to allow the skill to be learned in isolation and then the skill must be learned so well that it can be performed under pressure of a game or competition. BIBLIOGRAPHY Advanced PE for EDEXCEL - Frank Galligan, Colin Maskery, Jon Spence, David Howe, Tim Barry, Andy Ruston & Dee Crawford. PE to 16 - Sally Fountain & Linda Goodwin Wikitionary - Wikipedia. (www.wikipedia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. A2 pe coursework

    This is very helpful for her team if they the opportunity for a quick ball to be given. Weaknesses: * It is very often that Jenny does footwork when trying to do the running pass - she holds onto the ball for too long, and so her third foot has landed by the time she passes the ball.

  2. PEP basketball

    up with the speed set by the tape at which point they should voluntarily withdraw. * If the athlete fails to reach the end of the shuttle before the beep they should be allowed 2 or 3 further shuttles to attempt to regain the required pace before being withdrawn *

  1. Chest pass - "Skill is the learned ability to bring about predetermined results with ...

    him/her in a similar fashion, to be received at the midpoint between the cones, then runs on to cone 2. > As soon as player 2 receives the ball, player 3 runs towards cone 4 and player 2 passes to the midpoint and runs on to cone 3, etc etc.

  2. Analysing my performance in Badminton.

    The other principal I will use will be FITT; here is what it means: Frequency Intensity Time Type Frequency We should train at least 3 times a week for around 20 minutes minimum. This gives our bodies time to recover after each session.

  1. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    The crowd being there gave my performer the incentive to do well in front of them. Feedback is also a very important part of a badminton game or indeed in any sport Feedback is said to be: ' According to 'Wesson et al' ' The receptor sites receive information in

  2. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    the other side of the table, therefore the shot lacks any control, meaning that when the opponent plays a shot which requires a block I would usually miss it. Guiding the ball over the net when blocking the ball allows you to have more control, as if you just put

  1. Training schedule - flexibility in martial arts

    to cover the distance. As soon as you pass the 30m line your friend stops timing. The time you took to cover 30m is looked up in a table to see how well you have done. Males (secs) Females (secs)

  2. Analysing Performance - Badminton.

    If the server makes a "fault" or the shuttle ceases to be in play because it touches the surface of the court inside the server's court, the server loses the right to continue serving and the receiver then becomes the server, with no point scored by either player.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work