• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Skill Acquisition Essay

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Skill Acquisition Essay 2 -Discuss how information processing varies between individual, racket and team activities. Information processing within sport is the process by which a performer performs an action or skill in response to his/her environment. The basic format of this system is as shown below; INPUT DECISION OUTPUT The better known and far more detailed I.P. model is that of Welford (1968), which gives far more depth in terms of what occurs within the body: Sensory Input This is the information that is taken in via the senses. The amount to take in differs greatly between individual, racket and team sports. For example a team sport like rugby involves more opponents and team mates so more to take in, compared to squash and Thai boxing which has only one opponent. Also the intensity of the stimuli would have an effect, e.g. the green pitch in rugby to help contrast the players, or the brightness of a squash court and the red gloves of a Thai boxer all to intensify stimuli. Welford's model also divides sensory input into 3 ways in which the info is taken in; Vision, Audition and Proprioception. The environments which these three sports are played are vastly different so these three sensory inputs may greatly vary. Vision - Spectators at a Rugby match may all be wearing replica kits, so from a players perspective on the pitch to locate other players may become difficult, hence weakening the important stimuli. ...read more.

Middle

Short-term Sensory Store All information taken through the senses is stored for a split second in the short-term sensory store before being processed, after which the information is lost and replaced. Between team, racket and individual sports there is no differences for this component, other than the fact that within a team game there will be more input than within a racket or individual, considering more team players, more opponents and larger crowds. Perception Perception is the stage where we identify the irrelevant and relevant inputs, known as selective attention. Again, as team sports have more input there would be greater time spent on judgment of what is relevant, thus slowing down the I.P. model creating less time for the motor output. However, an expert at the sport being performed may recognise relevant information faster than a novice and therefore the I.P. model may not be slowed down. Short-term Memory The relevant information is then stored in the short-term memory for only 1 minute and has a capacity of just 7-10 pieces of information. For a team sport, with so many relevant inputs, that 7-10 pieces may not be enough to effectively judge how to react in a certain situation. However in a squash game, there is little input and most probably enough to store in the short-term memory. ...read more.

Conclusion

Whereas an open skilled sport like rugby requires all sorts of combinations of movement patterns so would take longer to initiate. Other factors also affect the I.P. model. Time available; large amounts of time allow greater consideration of possibilities yet can think to deep and make incorrect decisions. Psychological state; a player at psychological peak will react and respond more quickly with greater accuracy. This can be arousal or motivation, as we all know poor motivation will lead to poor performance. Elite/novice; experience leads to bigger chunks of info. Generally speaking, from analysing the variation of the I.P. model between team, racket and individual sports it can be seen that the more open skilled the sport is, the longer the I.P. model will take to produce an output, therefore reaction time is slower; Response Time = Reaction Time + Movement Time. In other words, team sports theoretically should take longer to perform outputs than racket sports, and racket sports longer than individual sports. This is also influenced by many other factors too, like experience, the difference between elites and amateurs, time available, psychological state and intensity of stimuli etc. To conclude, it would seem that I.P. within team sports would be slower than within racket sports; and racket sports slower than individual, which may explain why in team sports more errors occur i.e. the interception of a pass, a knock on and say a missed tackle. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. PE coursework Chosen Sport Rugby -working on my weaknesses as a fullback

    This definitely makes this a strategic weakness as my own desire to score puts the win of the team at jeopardy. Jason Robinson (shown above) is an example of a fullback who demonstrates the perfect model of how the position should be played and, more specifically, he demonstrates the restraints

  2. Performance analysis of passing and tackling in rugby.

    * Other exercises I would get him to do would be clean and jerks, Arnold press, incline chest press, lateral pull down and shoulder shrugs. These are all exercises which would help increase the strength of the upper body. As the player undertakes this exercise program, I would get him to progress positively up the weights in each exercise.

  1. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    wherever the ball is played it will be very difficult for the opponent to return. Preparation When I take the Backspin serve I just like Paul get low to the table and throw the ball up six inches. Getting low to the table requires muscle contraction and relaxation within the legs.

  2. Skill Acquisition - Assignment 3

    When the broken bone is healed we sometimes find that we have transferred the learning of the skill to our non-dominant limb. Also if a basketball coach tries to develop their player's weaker dribbling hand by relating it to an earlier learned skill with the strong hand, then they are involved in bilateral transfer.

  1. Analysis of My performance In Rugby

    Speed, balance, flexibility and skill are required to carry out this action successfully. Making the decision to kick the ball at the right time is also a key part of kicking. If my team gets awarded a penalty I am the player who is elected to kick the ball into

  2. A2 Practical Assessment Of Rugby

    do a normal tackle, the tap tackle is achieved by the runner's leg being tapped across the other making him trip on his own leg and stumbling to the ground, this cannot be done with the foot, the player's leg can only be tapped with a hand or it is

  1. A2 pe coursework

    Core skill 4 - Intercepting Strengths: * Jenny always goes for the ball in a manner as controlled as possible. She does try to get between the ball and the player, so that when it is released, she can go for it.

  2. Skill Classification and Information Processing.

    the ball into the air but at the same time be in a controlled balanced stance to hit the ball with height and direction. Co-ordination has to be used in order to be able to look at where you're trying to kick the ball and at the same time kick it with your foot.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work