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Sport Science - Sports Injuries Task 3

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Introduction

Sports Injuries - Task 3 SALTAPS is the abbreviation for a sports medicine regime invoked when a player is injured. The protocol is targeted at coaches/officiators rather the field first responder. It stands for: * Stop Play * Ask the player -- evaluate for pain and for orientation/confusion * Look -- at the limb and evaluate the appearance of the injury * Touch -- the injury if the player will allow this. * Active Movement -- can the player move the limb? * Passive Movement -- if you move the limb does it hurt? Is there sufficient range of motion? * Stand Up -- can the player really play, or are they denying the extent of the injury. The PRICE regime is a simple 5 step protocol that even an untrained person can use to minimize the effects of immediate injury. The earlier the PRICE regime is adopted the better. The PRICE regime is a protocol that should be used immediately when an injury occurs and prior to being treated by Emergency Professionals or prior to receiving treatment from a Physiotherapist or Sports Medicine professional. * Protect your injury from further harm. * Rest the injury initially, and then re-introduce movement so you don't lose too much muscle strength. ...read more.

Middle

* Swelling * Bruising * Deformity (leg appears out-of-place) * Numbness or tingling * Broken skin with bone visible * Limited mobility of the leg If it is suspected the player has broken a leg, an ambulance should be called as soon as it is safe to do so. The appropriate injury regime is the SALTAPS method (can be seen at the beginning). Universal first aid me need to be applied until the ambulance arrives: * Check ABC's. Make sure the victim has an Airway, is Breathing, and has Circulation. Broken legs can be very distracting injuries. Most of the time, however, they usually look worse than they are. * Control any bleeding. * Look for other injuries. If a victim shows signs of injury to the head, neck, or back, do not move the victim. * Cover any broken skin with sterile dressings. If needed, the wound can be rinsed -- try to use sterile water. * Elevate the leg above the level of the heart, if possible. * Lay the injured on his or her back to reduce the chance of shock. Cover the victim with a blanket to keep them warm. Example #3 Personal reflection - Neck Sprain Rugby Union is known for causing many injuries due to the physical nature of the game. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Once the finger is back into place and has been established that there was no fracture, the nest stage is to tape the finger straight to the next one on the same hand. For example my index finger was taped using steristrip to my middle finger, however not too tight as the finger is likely to swell and you don't want to cut off circulation. * As with any injury that produces a lot of swelling the course of action is to follow the price procedure. Keeping your arm above your heart will also hinder the swelling process with causes the pain; this can be lying down with your hand on your chest or in a sling. * After a few days the swelling should have subsided but there will be noticeable bruising around the knuckle joint. Using arnica cream and gentle movement should bring back functionality. This can take up to a number of weeks to fully rehabilitate. * It is important to note that once a finger has been dislocated it will have weakened at that joint and can easily be done again. Therefore taking precautionary measures such as tape, strapping before taking part in a contact sport such as rugby again is advisable. Ben McGee BTEC Sport ...read more.

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