• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23
  24. 24
    24
  25. 25
    25
  26. 26
    26
  27. 27
    27
  28. 28
    28
  29. 29
    29
  30. 30
    30
  31. 31
    31
  32. 32
    32
  33. 33
    33
  34. 34
    34

Strength Training Practical

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Strength Training Practical * What is Strength? Strength is the ability to exert a force against a resistance. There are three types of strength. 1. Maximum Strength: It can be defined as the "greatest force that is possible in a single maximum voluntary contraction." It involves neither speed nor endurance factors. A slow heavy dead lift is a classic example of this kind of strength. Although the majority of athletic events depend upon speed, maximum strength is necessary where great resistance must be overcome (bodyweight) or controlled (throwing implements) and therefore is essential in varying degrees, in athletic events. 2. Elastic Strength: It can be defined as the "ability to overcome a resistance with a fast contraction." Both the contractile and elastic components of the muscle are assisted by reflex contraction in the expression of strength at speed. This ability is relevant to almost every event, and the "explosive" quality is especially necessary in jumping, throwing and sprinting. 3. Strength Endurance: This is the "ability to express force many times over in an endurance environment." It is an important component in events involving lactic anaerobic endurance, and also in activities such as multiple squat thrusts, sit-ups and press-ups. * Types of Muscular Activity: * The three different classifications of strength must be given close attention during training and the planning of training. The different types of muscular activity must also be considered. > Static (Isometric): Involves muscle tensions, which don't result in the muscle changing length. The force expressed by the athlete must be equal to, and balance, the force being expressed. > Dynamic: This takes place when the force expressed by the athlete doesn't equal that imposed by the resistance. Dynamic muscular activity is divided into overcoming (concentric) strength and yielding (eccentric) strength. > Elastic Eccentric: Work in which the resistance is less than the resistance which the athlete can express. > Plastic Eccentric: Work in which the resistance is greater than the athlete's maximum isometric strength at any point in the range of motion. ...read more.

Middle

(Bompa, 2000) * Strength Training Principles: * Exercise Selection and Order: -Use all muscle groups; begin with larger muscles of legs and progress to smaller muscles of torso, arms, etc. * Exercise Frequency: -Three days a week with 48 hours rest between sessions. * Sets: -Do one good set of each exercise. * Resistance: -To develop strength, work the target muscle to fatigue; train 75% of 1 RM. * Reps: -Complete 8-12 reps with 75% of 1RM, 6 seconds a rep: 50-70 seconds of anaerobic work. * Progression: -Increase training resistance b 5% whenever you can complete 12 reps. * Speed: -Moderate to slow exercise speeds are safe and effective. -Do 6 seconds a rep (2 seconds for lifting and 4 seconds for lowering.) * Breathing: -Exhale during lifting movements. -Inhale during lowering movements. * Intensity: -High intensity requires you to fatigue muscles within anaerobic system. (Reduce recovery periods.) * Strength Training Program For Adolescents: Exercises Load % 1RM Number of Reps Number of Sets Rest interval (secs.) Hip Crunch - 8-12 2 30 Overhead Throws - 8-12 2 30 Medicine Ball Sit-Up Throws - 8-12 2 30 Abdominal Sit-Ups Attachable Weights 8-12 2 30 Front Raise Attachable Weights 8-12 2 30 Leg Adductions Attachable Weights 8-12 2 30 Sit-Ups - 8-12 2 30 Floor-Hip Extensions - 8-12 2 30 Triceps Dips - 8-12 2 30 Push Ups - 8-12 2 30 * =(Non-applicable) * Warm-Up: * "A good warm-up should raise the heart rate gradually to the point where it can pump enough oxygenated blood around the body to meet increasing demand from the working muscles. The most efficient way to warm up is also the simplest. Warming up introduces the muscles to the movements that they are about to do. Also co-ordination improves after a few minutes of practice, thereby reducing the risk of injury. An effective warm up should bring on a light sweat, and leave you breathing hard but not gasping for breath." ...read more.

Conclusion

> Partner A tossed the medicine ball toward the chest of partner B. > As partner B catches the ball, he or she rocks toward the floor, then, using the momentum of an upper-body thrust, throws the ball back to partner A. > Return to starting position. > Alternate roles. * Abdominal Sit-Up: > Add Attachable weights to the wrists. > Lie on your back, with your calves resting on the seat of a chair, and your knees and hips supported at a 90degree angle. Gently cup your hands around your back of your neck. > Contract your stomach muscles and raise your head and shoulders slightly of the ground. > Without touching the floor, "crunch" up and down by moving your chest toward, then away from your knees. * Front Raise: > Attach weight to wrists. > Keeping your arms straight but not hyper extended, raise arms until they are parallel with the ground without leaning backward. > Lower the arms without bending them to return to the start. * Cable Adductions: > Fasten an attachable weight to your ankle. > Bring your leg with the attachable weight toward and then across the other leg. > Return to the starting position. * Sit-ups: > Lie on your back with your legs bent and your feet on the floor. > Place your hands behind your head. > Inhale and curl your torso of the floor. > Exhale as you complete the movement. > Return to the starting position without resting your torso on the floor. * Floor Hip Extensions: > Kneel on one leg with your elbows or hands on the floor and your core arms straight. > Tuck your opposite leg under your chest. > Move your tucked leg to the rear until your hip is fully extended. * Triceps Dips: > Place your hands on the edge of a flat bench and rest your feet on another bench. > Assume a torso-leg angle of about 90 degrees. > Inhale and bend your arms. > Straighten your arms to return to the starting point, exhaling as you complete the movement. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    Not enough blood returns to the heart, so the heart attempts to beat faster to increase the flow. Dizziness or light-headedness, results when not enough blood reaches the head. You should continue low intensity cycling, running or walking until your heart rate is below 120 or so beats per minute.

  2. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    to the sport for which the athlete is training. In the case of my training programme it is sport specific as I am focussing on upper body power rather than lower body power. 'I' stands for individual difference. This means that a programme has to set with the needs and abilities of the athlete in mind.

  1. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    I will be increasing the weight as I feel that it is not working my arms and shoulders to there maximum, therefore feel they could do more work, without feeling a great amount of extra pressure. I will not be increasing the weights on the other machines as I feel they are still challenging me.

  2. Swimming - PE practical project.

    Correcting their technique- Breathing out before breathing in takes longer because the swimmer should breath out into the water only. The way to stop the shoulders from turning a lot from side to side is to only tilt the head very slightly when turning.

  1. Construct and rationalise a coaching methodology for developing and performing: a) Front Somersault Tucked ...

    The body should remain tense throughout the salto. The arms lift from the board, rotation is established, the arms can either remain overhead or, to facilitate greater rotation, the arms can fold into the body. * Layout front saltos, feet to feet. * Layout front saltos onto elevated surface.

  2. Why do people take part in physical activity?

    By blocking its action, beta-blockers can cause arteries to widen and can slow the action of the heart and decrease its force of contraction. This results in a fall in blood pressure and reduced work by the heart. Beta-blockers are used to lower high blood pressure, relieve angina (chest pain),

  1. Timetable for training programe

    When I observed the performer he was participating in a friendly game of doubles. The performer's partner is also at the associative phase but closer to the autonomous phase along the continuum. Some characteristics of the autonomous phase are listed below and the performers partner is able to reach some

  2. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    The fielding took a lot out of me and was chasing balls to the boundary often, I bowled my overs towards the end of innings and the batsmen were already set and they took my bowling apart. I wasn't bowling at 100% pace, as I was tired from fielding.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work