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Success depends on group cohesion, discuss.

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Introduction

Success depends on group cohesion, discuss. Starting with the basics, an efficient and effective sports team is a collection of two or more athletes who have a common identity, set of goals, objectives and fate. Its members show structured patterns of interaction and styles of communicating. They view the structure of the team in the same ways. There is a mutual reliance upon one another to be connected personally and perform their skills. In other words, the team is a source of mutual benefit for the members. The athletes of a team need to be attracted to each other and think of themselves as a part of a "we" that differentiates them from "they." The definition of cohesion -- `a dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency of a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of its instrumental objectives and/or for the satisfaction of member affective needs' (Carron et al., 1998, p. 213) Group cohesion is a set of forces acting on members of a group, this tends to keep them within the group. Involves resistance to group disruption, commitment to group goals and individual responsibility for the achievement of goals. Factors in developing a team concept and cohesiveness Situational Factors. Players in Close Proximity to each other will tend to bond together. Team changing rooms, residences, and shared means of transportation increase interaction. ...read more.

Middle

If, for a period of time, someone who has played even an informal role, leaves the team, the management may have to hire a new player to fill the informal role. A team's effectiveness is high when the players' understand their roles (Role Clarity), accept their roles (Role Acceptance) and try to perform the roles to the best of their ability (Role Performance). A coach can improve role clarity, acceptance and performance by making the behaviour requirements explicit, minimize the status difference between roles, and create an effective goal-setting program. The impact of an effective goal-setting program is to direct the player's attention and behaviour, provide motivation to develop strategies for goal achievement, increase interest and prolong activity. The presence of Norms is also associated with increased cohesiveness. Norms signal a team's feelings about behaviours that are acceptable. When a new member comes to a team, it is the manager/player interaction norms that are confronted first. As cohesion increases so does conformity to the group's standards of behaviour. If a player ignores norms, punishments are given. This is true even when a player performs above the standard expected. The team's productivity norm is a key factor in the relationship between cohesion and productivity. When cohesion is low and there is a high norm for productivity, that team will outperform teams with a low norm. ...read more.

Conclusion

This also helps towards Liverpool's winning performances. Redgrave and Pinsent are further examples of this. These are examples of teams with group cohesiveness, with positive results However Chelsea are an example of a team with group cohesiveness and less positive results. They also have many players such as john terry and Jody Morris which have grown up together, many of their squad has remained the same for seasons, however they are unable to turn this into results. Examples of teams that lack group cohesiveness but still achieve results must have talent. Real Madrid are the prime example of this. Individually the players are superb, and in theory when these players are put together they would make one of the worlds greatest teams. However they lack group cohesiveness for many of the above factors. It is only through individual skill that they are able to win games. However with the right coaching it is feasible that they could achieve much more. Teams that lack group cohesion and don't get the results can be seen all through sport, especially ion the lower leagues In conclusion, the more players and coaches understand the factors that contribute to cohesiveness, the greater the likelihood of success. No team is perfect and the way organizations stay successful is through the its appreciation of the development of a team concept, and the willingness to do what is necessary to maintain it. Gareth Lailey 1 ...read more.

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