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Symptoms and Dangers of Sports-Related Concussions.

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Introduction

´╗┐On average, there are 300,000 sports-related concussions per year (Sports Related Concussions). That is the same as five percent of the world?s population receiving a sports related concussion every year. Sports related concussions are serious and even fatal issues. They have the ability to just give an athlete a minor headache, knock someone out, paralyze an athlete, turn someone into a figurative vegetable, or even kill someone! By the end of this paper, you will be informed on the general information about concussions, the three grades of concussions, and what Second Impact Syndrome is and its effects on atheletes. A concussion is a temporary shift in consciousness (Sport-Related Concussion). They can occur in any sport that involves contact, such as football, basketball, and hockey; and they can even happen in sports that do not require physical contact with another player, such baseball and even cheerleading. There are many symptoms that would alert an athlete if he/she should suffer a sports related concussion. Some cognitive symptoms are confusion, deteriorating amnesia, and loss of consciousness. A few physical signs would be brief seizures, slowed reaction time, slurred speech, and decreased playing ability (Sports Related Concussion). [a] Like anything else in life, there is a reason behind getting a concussion. A sports related concussion is the result of a direct hit the head or another area of the body that sends an impulsive force back up to the brain (Sports Related Concussion). ...read more.

Middle

If an athlete suffers a second Grade Two concussion with symptoms from the previous one, he/she must stop participating in sports for a month and in some circumstances, even the rest of the season. If an athlete suffers a third Grade Two concussion, he/she is done playing sports for the season. The final level of a concussion is classified as a Grade Three concussion. This type of a concussion is a severe concussion that can make an athlete go completely unconscious. It is so serious that when an athlete suffers this bad of a concussion, they are treated immediately (Sport-Related Concussion). The symptoms of a Grade Three concussion are unconsciousness and intensified symptoms of Grade One and Two concussions (Levels). When being treated, the athlete must have his/her cervical spine immobilized (see Appendix A) in order to protect further brain damage. They will be rushed from the game and taken immediately to the hospital to be looked at by doctors and have a CT scan of their head. The athlete can return home only when both their nervous system and the CT are normal. The athlete can return to play in a month after two weeks of symptom free rest and exertion (Sport-Related Concussion?). The reason for not being allowed to return to play right after suffering a concussion is because of how much more severe the effects of a second concussion could be, or Second Impact Syndrome. ...read more.

Conclusion

The first concussion is classified as a Grade One concussion which is very mild. An athlete with a Grade 1 concussion may be confused for about fifteen minutes, but then the player is alright again. A player can return to the game after suffering a mild concussion after twenty minutes of symptom-free rest and exertion. The next concussion, a Grade Two severity, is a moderate concussion. This concussion creates longer confusion and amnesia. For example, the athlete may not know where he is, what happened, or what quarter it is. The player can only return to play in a week of symptom-free rest and exertion. The final concussion is identified as a Grade Three concussion, which is very extreme. A Grade Three concussion will make the athlete go unconscious immediately, so it is treated as an emergency. The symptoms of a severe concussion are increased symptoms of Grades One and Two. Athletes can only return to play after one month of symptom-free rest and exertion. Athletes should never play while there are symptoms of a previous concussion still occurring because they run the risk of getting a second concussion. The effect of that happening is called Second Impact Syndrome. Specifically, the effects of a second concussion are a pause in homeostasis, cerebral swelling, a severe increase in blood pressure, going unconscious, having a coma, and more than likely, death. Next time you or someone you know is playing a sport, make sure they are wearing the proper gear in order to prevent concussions. A helmet and mouthpiece could be the difference between life and death. ...read more.

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