• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The body during sport and exercise

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The body during exercise and sport. A guide to how your body works. In this booklet you will discover the types of joints and movement, the functions of the skeleton, bone growth, and the major bones. This booklet is designed to help you understand the functions of your body, and how they help you in life as well as sport. It is useful to know and understand your body and how it works. I hope that it will help your understanding of exercises and why they are beneficial to keep you fit and healthy. Contents The Skeletal System 3 Axial and Appendicular 4 Functions of the Skeleton 4 Bones 5 Joints 6 Joints during Sport 8 Bibliography 10 In sport and exercise we have to be able to move our bodies, to run, breath, jump, bend and throw, these are just a few actions that we do that need our bodies to be as they are. Our skeleton is designed to be rigid, yet flexible, so we can do these things and many more ensuring us to perform a wide range of activities and functions. It lets us use the same bones in many different ways, we can walk instead of run, we can skip instead of jump, and itch our nose, instead of just drinking, our body means we can do so many ...read more.

Middle

There are 206 bones in your body when you are an adult, this is a decreased number from the number you had when you were born. As when babies grow up some of their bones fuse together. Bone is made up of different areas, the periosteum, compact bone, cancellous bone, the epiphysis, the epiphyseal plate and bone marrow. The Periosteum is the first layer of the bone; it is a thin layer which contains nerves and blood vessels which feed the bone. The Compact Bone gives bones their rigidity, their hardness, and strength. Cancellous Bone is found in layers, and lies within the Compact Bone, it is not as hard as the Compact Bone, and has a spongy, honeycomb appearance which is tiny pieces of bone called trabeculae. The Bone Marrow is found in the centre of the bone, it is a jelly like substance, and produces red blood cells. The Cancellous Bone in many cases protects the Bone Marrow. Adult bone is made up of 25% water, 30% organic matter and 45% minerals. The growth of bone takes place from birth to adulthood and happens at the epiphyseal plate, the compact bone between the plates lengthens, which causes the bone to lengthen. All through you life old bone is broken down by osteoclasts, and is replaced by new bone formed by osteoblasts, this is a process that takes place every day of your life. ...read more.

Conclusion

Pronation occurs at the wrist, at the condyloid joint. The running in hockey uses the ball and socket joint in the hip, the hinge joint in the knee, and the condyloid joint in the ankle. The most used joint would be the ball and socket; it would have flexion, extension, and also circumduction. The hinge joint would have flexion and extension. In the ankle there is plantar flexion, and dorsiflexion, as well as inversion and eversion of the foot, if stopping to hit the ball. In cycling the leg action, uses the ball and socket, the hinge, and the condyloid joint in the ankle. The ball and socket has extension, flexion, and circumduction. There is flexion and extension happening at the hinge joint and dorsiflextion, Planterflexion, and a very small amount of eversion and inversion. These are just three examples; all the joints are used most, if not all, of the time. I hope you find this booklet interesting and informative, it is useful to know about our bodies and how the work. Remember that if you have persistent pain in any part of your body I suggest getting immediate medical advice, and stop doing anything that might affect the area. If you have any questions ask any member of the team and if we don't already know the answer we will do our best to find out for you. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology essays

  1. The skeletal system in the body and what it does within the body

    Then after identifying the five different bone types I was able to understand how the structure of the bone and the "sponginess" of the bone is adapted to its function: i.e. the short bones are designed for weight bearing and high mobility whereas the long bones are designed for the production and storage of bone marrow and other minerals.

  2. The skeletal systems relative to Sport and exercise actions

    limbs are attached to the pectoral (shoulder) girdle and the lower (posterior) limbs are attached to the pelvic (hip) girdle. The Pectoral (Shoulder) Girdle The Pectoral girdle consists of two shoulder blades (scapulae) and two collar bones (clavicles). These bones articulate with one another, allowing some degree of movement.

  1. What is SALTAPS? First Aid in Sport

    Degree of the Injury. The severity of the injury will determine how far the SALTAPS assessment proceeds. Often it is possible to diagnose an injury, just by looking and touching the injured body part or limb. Other circumstances may require one to move the affected area, as well as touch and closely assess it.

  2. The Axial and Appendicular Skeletons.

    Bones are often joined by strong fibres called sutures; e.g. the structures of the cranium. Cartilaginous or slightly moveable joints These are joined by tough, fibrous cartilage which provides stability and possesses shock absorption properties. However, a small amount of movement usually exists: for example, the articulations between the lumbar bones due to the intervertebral discs of cartilage.

  1. Btec sport, skeletal system

    In the condyloid joint, the ball rests up against the end of a bone rather than inside a socket. Example: The carpals of the wrist rest against the end of the radius bone of the forearm. 3. Saddle The saddle joint allows movement in various directions.

  2. Body in Motion

    Gaseous exchange also occurred during the test. As I inhaled oxygen through the lungs eventuating into the blood, the capillaries then had a greater concentration of carbon dioxide rather than oxygen and diffusion to the alveoli allowed me to breathe out this carbon dioxide.

  1. Anatomy For BTEC Sport - bones and muscles.

    Fixed joints are the joints that are between the bones in the skull. Mobile joints are like hinge joints of the elbow or pivotal joint like the joint between the first and second vertebrae. This allows the head to turn from side to side.

  2. Anatomy and physiology for sport and exercise

    Most joints, such as the elbow, are called synovial joints, for the synovial membrane which envelopes the joint and secretes a lubricating fluid. Cartilage lines the surface of many joints and helps reduce friction between bones. The connective tissues linking the skeleton together at the joints are tendons and ligaments.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work