• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The development of sport throughout the nineteenth century.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The development of sport throughout the nineteenth century. Pre-industrialisation sport in Britain came in the form of popular recreation. It was often a rural and parochial activity. Sport often had no rules and was poorly structured and organised. It commonly took place around public houses or during Wakes and Fairs and was therefore closely accompanied with heavy drinking and gambling. Sport typically took the form of mob games; there were too many people playing the games and there was a severe lack of order and rules. As a consequence there was a lot of violent behaviour; kicking, tripping and punching was recognised as part of the game, but this meant that injuries were common. During this time popular recreation was generally based around cruelty; animal sports such as hunting, shooting, baiting, coursing and dog and cock fighting, were widespread. Public schools; such as Clarendon Boys' school were an endowed place of education with great social standing. The Sons of Gentlemen, the talented and the elite attended them. They were exclusive schools although they were often frugal and the teachers severe; they therefore acquired the title "Barbarian schools" because of these harsh conditions. ...read more.

Middle

It wasn't until about the 1840's that Public schools began to change and generate more influence and involvement in sport. One of the main leaders in the direction of athleticism was Rugby school, which was one of the Clarendon schools. The Head there Thomas Arnold can be remembered as one of a number of Headmasters who established an environment that eventually stimulated athleticism. Arnold endeavoured to create social control and moral reform through sport. It was important to him to create Christian Gentlemen; form a "manly piety". It was believed that he used sport as he thought it was morally good although it can be argued that it was due to his love for sport as Wymer (1953) suggested that Arnold did in fact have a love for several sports; such as cricket, mountain-walking, swimming, sailing, shooting, and riding. However it is clear that the original sporting enthusiasm came entirely from the boy's. Arnold's astute nature sensed their enthusiasm and thus acted upon it to achieve moral and social reforms. Sport became a useful social feature, in later schools one of the main objectives of the Housemaster was to ensure that the boys were beneficially occupied; this was often done by arranging sporting competitions. ...read more.

Conclusion

They carried it in to the "Muscular Christian" era. The introduction of new schools and the expansion of existing schools led to an immense project; the building of new sporting facilities including gymnasiums and extensive playing fields. The structure of the school day was also altered. The morning consisted of academic studies, the afternoon was sporting activities and the evening was prep and house activities. Public school athleticism has had an enormous influence on the maturity of sport through history. Sport was brought on substantially in the course of the last 20 years or so of the 1800's. The time spent on playing sport could be up to five hours a day and it was coached by professionals and elite individuals. This inevitably created a widespread model of play that caused the standard of amateur sport to reach levels it had never seen before. Sport became an essential part of education meaning that its importance was vast. People respected, valued and enjoyed sport. The physical endeavour and moral integrity that sport carried with it become a crucial part of life. The concept of athleticism created not only a new standard of physical ability and sporting performance but also a new model of Gentlemen with superior moral values and social control. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. I love cricket!

    could also be a useful wicket keeper and spin bowler - like myself but a million times better. Cricket has seen many other great players who have contributed to the game to a very large extent. Unfortunately, the list is enormous.

  2. Leisure and recreation

    These trends appear to occur every ten years. Before world war two, things were kept very simple but in the 1960's, there was a huge emphasis on style and fashion and the youth culture started to dominate. In the 1970's, sport started to be seen as a serious leisure activity and because of the demand for sporting activities,

  1. The development of sport throughout the industrial revolution and in the post industrial age.

    continued to increase in popularity and by the 1930s, was the most popular sporting activity * Lack of facilities became an issue, particularly when national teams failed * There was little government involvement in sport, apart from physical education in schools * School physical education moved from therapeutic exercises to

  2. The scale of the sport and its contribution to the UK economy

    In hockey however the audience profile is a lot more specific; the only people interested are people who have some connection to the game on a participation level. - Task 6 Commercial sports are so dependant on the media for funding and exposure that obviously this relationship affects and influences decisions made about the game.

  1. Boxing, sport or legalised fighting?

    The boxer wants desperately to win but at what cost we must ask ourselves. Would a boxer be willing to beat a man to a pulp so as to add another title to a growing list of accomplishments? Surely this is an act of barbarism in the 20th century society.

  2. A competent coach has many qualities and should be able to cater for the ...

    sport Goal Setting Try to use stress reduction techniques to help deal with pressure Name Juan King Age 14 Sport Football Personality Extrovert Position Striker Standard School Strengths Speed Weaknesses Shooting Goal Setting To improve shooting Name Roberto Bosworthio Age 15 Sport Triathlete Personality Introvert Position ---------- Standard Novice Just

  1. Is boxing a violent blood thirsty sport or is it the heinous sport of ...

    in order to outwit the opponent. You have to be very quick to decide whether you should block, whether you should lunge an attack, whether you should duck or weave to the left or the right, just like a sport such as football, you have to be very skilful which requires months and months of training.

  2. We Gave Sport to The World - Social Aspects

    With regards to sport it meant that events and fixtures could be played in other areas of the country, against new teams and opponents. The opportunity to travel also allowed spectators to go and watch their local teams wherever they were playing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work