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The Effects of Long Term Exercise On The Body

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The Effects of Long Term Exercise On The Body Assignment Number: 2 Fatou Mbowe Tutor: Jennifer Maysmor-Gee Contents Page 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Cardiovascular System 3.0 Respiratory System 4.0 Muscular System 5.0 Skeletal System 6.0 Energy Systems 7.0 Conclusion 1.0 Introduction In this report I will be explaining my understanding towards the cardiovascular system, Respiratory System, Muscular System, Skeletal system and energy systems long term effects and how they adapt to exercise. I will explain how each one of the system adapts response to long term exercise. I will to this by referring t o my basketball player and how the body systems will affect him. 2.0 Cardiovascular System My basketball player heart mass and volume will increase as the cardiac muscle goes under cardiac hypertrophy. ...read more.


3.0 Respiratory System My basketball player intercostals muscles will increase as his body starts to become use to him running up and down constantly. This makes the muscle increase in strength. This then results to larger respiratory volumes which allow more oxygen to be diffused into the blood flow. This then causes my basketball player to begin to breathe heavily. Also the number of capillaries is increased around the alveolus which then leads to an increase in the efficiency of gas exchanged. This then helps my player's breathing improve as it makes his breathing consistent, also causing his resting heart rate to be lower. 4.0 Muscular System The amount of mitochondria in increased in the body, this then leads to the increase in energy production which then gives my basketball player more stamina to play a game with good energy. ...read more.


Energy Systems 6.0 There are 3 types of energy system phosphocreatine system, Lactic acid system and aerobic system. All 3 systems have the aim of producing ATP which is a form of energy. The number of red blood cells increases, improving the body's ability to transport Oxygen to the muscles for aerobic endurance. The first two systems are done anaerobically so it doesn't oxygen to create ATP and the last one is done aerobically so it's done with oxygen. Conclusion 7.0 In conclusion I have identified the long term effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system respiratory system, muscular system skeletal system and energy system. It is essential that the long term effects happen as it improves my basketball players performance when in training and in a match. ?? ?? ?? ?? BTEC Level 3 Diploma in Sports Fatou Mbowe 1 ...read more.

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