• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Effects of Long Term Exercise On The Body

Extracts from this document...


The Effects of Long Term Exercise On The Body Assignment Number: 2 Fatou Mbowe Tutor: Jennifer Maysmor-Gee Contents Page 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Cardiovascular System 3.0 Respiratory System 4.0 Muscular System 5.0 Skeletal System 6.0 Energy Systems 7.0 Conclusion 1.0 Introduction In this report I will be explaining my understanding towards the cardiovascular system, Respiratory System, Muscular System, Skeletal system and energy systems long term effects and how they adapt to exercise. I will explain how each one of the system adapts response to long term exercise. I will to this by referring t o my basketball player and how the body systems will affect him. 2.0 Cardiovascular System My basketball player heart mass and volume will increase as the cardiac muscle goes under cardiac hypertrophy. ...read more.


3.0 Respiratory System My basketball player intercostals muscles will increase as his body starts to become use to him running up and down constantly. This makes the muscle increase in strength. This then results to larger respiratory volumes which allow more oxygen to be diffused into the blood flow. This then causes my basketball player to begin to breathe heavily. Also the number of capillaries is increased around the alveolus which then leads to an increase in the efficiency of gas exchanged. This then helps my player's breathing improve as it makes his breathing consistent, also causing his resting heart rate to be lower. 4.0 Muscular System The amount of mitochondria in increased in the body, this then leads to the increase in energy production which then gives my basketball player more stamina to play a game with good energy. ...read more.


Energy Systems 6.0 There are 3 types of energy system phosphocreatine system, Lactic acid system and aerobic system. All 3 systems have the aim of producing ATP which is a form of energy. The number of red blood cells increases, improving the body's ability to transport Oxygen to the muscles for aerobic endurance. The first two systems are done anaerobically so it doesn't oxygen to create ATP and the last one is done aerobically so it's done with oxygen. Conclusion 7.0 In conclusion I have identified the long term effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system respiratory system, muscular system skeletal system and energy system. It is essential that the long term effects happen as it improves my basketball players performance when in training and in a match. ?? ?? ?? ?? BTEC Level 3 Diploma in Sports Fatou Mbowe 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology essays

  1. Skeletal and muscular systems

    The color of yellow marrow is due to the much higher number of fat cells. Both types of bone marrow contain numerous blood vessels and capillaries. Bone marrow stores minerals such as calcium and phosphorus which are released into the blood Compact bone tissues Compact bone tissues are dense making it able to provide protection, support and strength.

  2. The Body In Action Assignment. Muscles and the effects of exercise.

    These contain even smaller structures called actin and myosin filaments. These filaments slide in and out between each other to form muscle contractions; because of this we have the "sliding filament theory"! The diagram above shows part a myofibril called a sarcomere.

  1. Discuss the short term and long-term effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system, the ...

    However, if a person is not physically fit, and they over exert themselves in exercising, too much strain on the heart means it is not so efficient and their endurance and cardiovascular fitness is not as good as athletes in training.

  2. The skeletal system in the body and what it does within the body

    For example abduction for both legs spreads the legs. Adduction - movement of a limb towards the midline of the body. For example adductor muscles of the legs pull them towards the midline of the body sp the legs are closer together.

  1. The Long and Short Term Effects of Exercise

    Therefore, 'the left ventricle in particular needs to be stronger in athletes in order to supply the organs with sufficient oxygen at a sufficient rate.'2 The heart size can be increased through regular exercise and, particularly in endurance athletes; this increases the stroke volume resulting in a larger volume of

  2. The skeletal systems relative to Sport and exercise actions

    joint with the radius and a hinge joint with the ulna in the elbow The Forearm (Radius and Ulna) (Reference of picture www.zoology.ubc.ca/.../bonesk/sk04bb01.htm) The two long bones of the forearm are known as the radius and the ulna. The ulna is the larger of the two bones and is situated on the inner side of the forearm.

  1. The body during sport and exercise

    Bones also store minerals. We need the minerals in our bones to strengthen and harden them. As we age the mineral levels decrease, so the strength also decreases, making the elderly more susceptible to breakages, so as we age we need a healthy diet, and life style to maintain bone strength.

  2. In this assignment I will prepare a report for aimed at young athletes, explaining ...

    The body will then overheat due to an inability to sweat because of dehydration. Finally, Waste products such as lactic acid are not discreeted due to water conversation. A second effect on sports performance is muscles weakening, which is very important for sports people such as boxers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work