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The Safe Practice of Fitness Testing.

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Introduction

The Safe Practice of Fitness Testing Introduction People partake in exercise for many different reasons, whether they're a professional sports person and it is their job to train everyday and kit fit or if they are an everyday Joe just wanting to lose the pounds that Christmas turkey put on. Both sets of people do have something in common though, they both need to have goals and know exactly what those goals are. These goals can be determined by certain tests carried out by a coach, personal trainer or even the individual. The results from 'fitness tests' can be used to determine the current level of many aspects of fitness of the individual, such as flexibility, strength, power etc. The current level of fitness will give an idea of areas of improvement and areas of excellence. From this the personal goals can be formed. Health Screening Before fitness tests are carried out it is extremely important for a health screening to be carried out. Health Screening is usually in the form of a Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q). These questionnaires are designed to aid the coach, instructor, trainer in getting some background knowledge on the lifestyle, health ability etc. of the individual. ...read more.

Middle

Validity, Reliability and Testing Protocol's When performing fitness test there are 3 very important aspects to consider. These are... * Validity * Reliability * Testing Protocol's If anyone of these aspects is missing then the results of the test may be ignored or considered worthless. Validity - Validity is the meaningfulness of a set of data. Are the results measuring what is desired? Is there a point in getting a golfer to perform a bleep test? Are the results of the bleep test valid to the sport of golf? It is very easy to perform test on performers and make generalisations based on the results, which can lack validity. For example the bench-press 1 rep max test, is often used to test strength. The bleep test only uses muscles in the upper body so is it valid to test the strength of say a sprinter who predominantly uses leg power? The validity of fitness test is very important to obtain and interpret suitable results. Reliability - Reliability is a measure of how consistent and repeatable the tests are. If a coach performed a certain test on his players, would someone else who performed the same test on the same players obtain the same results? ...read more.

Conclusion

The athlete leans forward slowly as far as possible and holds the greatest stretch for two seconds. Make sure there is no jerky movements and that the fingertips remain level and the legs flat. Good hamstring flexibility is import for rugby players in running and for ball kicking skill. * 30m-sprint test - The time taken to run 30m is tested. Maximum speed and acceleration are very important in rugby. Using the same tests as the elite rugby players on the beginner basketball players would not be recommended. Here are some tests that I feel suitable for the basketball players. * Flexibility - Flexibility is important in terms of being injury free and being able to move freely around the court. Flexibility tests of body areas that used in the game would be suitable. * Sargent Jump - Vertical jump ability is very critical for basketball. The technique for the test may be changed to incorporate a step to be similar to the jumping technique used in the game. * Illinois Agility - The ability to quickly change direction is very important for basketball. * 30m-sprint test - The time taken to run 30m is tested. Maximum speed and acceleration are very important in basketball * Chester Step Test - The Chester step test is a variation on other step tests. It is done to music and gets increasingly harder. It is sub-maximal and more enjoyable than most. ...read more.

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