• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Skeletal System

Extracts from this document...


The Skeletal System provides us with many important functions, it provides us with the shape and form for our bodies as well as supporting, protecting, allowing our body to move freely, producing blood for the body, and storing minerals. The Skeletal System is the system of our body that gives our body its physical shape and with the help of the Muscular System it keeps us moving and makes us able to do tasks that we don't think about like raising our leg to kick a football or using our legs to boost us into the air to spoil the mark. The Skeletal System works directly with the help of the skeletal system which would explain why it is often referred to as the musculo-skeletal System. The average adult skeleton has 206 bones that are joined up with ligaments and tendons to make a protective and supportive framework for the muscles and the soft tissues which lie underneath it. The 206 bones form a rigid framework that the softer tissues and organs of the body are attached to, the vital organs are ...read more.


Muscles which cause movement of a joint are joined to two different bones and contract to pull them together. The Skeletal System is used in the game of Australian Rules Football all the time because we it is needed to run and stop quickly, we need to be able to stay on our feet when coming down from a marking contest or from punching the ball. The bones also keep everything in place and give us the ability to be able to take a hard hit to the stomach or a knee to the ribs and to be able to hold our arm firm to handball the ball. Football is played with 18 players on the ground at one time with a maximum of five players sitting on the bench for each team. The objective of the game is for the players to pass the ball around by hand and foot to kick a goal, the ball can be marked when it has traveled fifteen metres or more by foot and is marked with out it touching the ground by a player, this player then has time to go back and have his kick. ...read more.


Babies are born with 270 soft bones which is 64 more than an adult has but many of these bones will mould together by the age of twenty or twenty-five into 206 hard, permanent bones. The Red Spongy Marrow is the part of the bone that produces the red blood cells, the red blood cells are pumped around the heart and provide nutrients and oxygen to the rest of the body. 1. Long Bones (longer than they are wide): clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna, femur, tibia, fibula, metatarsals, metacarpals. Purpose: provides support and serves as the consistent set of levers and linkages that allow us to move (formed from hyaline/articular cartilage) 2. Short Bones: carpals and tarsals: consists mainly spongy bone covered with a thin layer of compact bone. Purpose: allows movement, provides elasticity, flexibility, & shock absorption. 3. Flat Bones: ribs, sternum and scapula. Purpose: protects and provides attachment sites for muscles. 4. Irregular Bones: skull, pelvis, and vertebrae. Purposes: support weight, distributes loads, protects the spinal cord, contributes to movement and provides sites for musclar attachment. 5. Sesamoid Bones: a short bone embedded within a tendon or joint capsule, i.e. patella. Purpose: alters the angle that the muscle if inserted into. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Anatomy & Physiology essays

  1. Skeletal and muscular systems

    relaxes to fill your heart with blood Muscle fibres There are two broad types of voluntary muscle fibres, slow twitch (slow oxidative) and fast twitch (fast glycolytic) Fast-twitch (fast glycolytic) Fast-twitch muscle fibres are selectively recruited when heavy work is demanded of the muscles, and strength and power are needed.

  2. Btec sport, skeletal system

    The bones of the spine and hips are irregular bones. Bone marrow There are two types of bone marrow: red marrow and yellow marrow. Red blood cells, platelets and most white blood cells arise in red marrow; some white blood cells develop in yellow marrow.

  1. Skeletal System and Joints

    the purpose of protecting the brain as the slightest amount of trauma can render an athlete concussed or unconscious. It is rounded to accommodate the brain. And articulates with the first vertebrae (C1) of the cervical vertebrae section of the spine and the mandible (jaw)

  2. The Axial and Appendicular Skeletons.

    Examples Of joints and their Range of movements Hinge Joint - Flexion and Extension Pivot Joint - Rotation Ellipsoid Joint - flexion, extension, adduction and abduction, giving Circumduction Gliding Joint - a little movement in all directions. Saddle Joint - flexion, extension, adduction and abduction, giving Circumduction Ball and Socket Joint - Circumduction (adduction, abduction, flexion, extension)

  1. Physiology Within Sport

    this may be because a large amount of glycogen is stored within the Sarcoplasm therefore this can assist within the resynthesisation of ATP. The aerobic system must use the Mitochondria because it has a large surface area whereby the energy production can take place, because within the Mitochondria's are Cristae which are little folds within the Mitochondria.

  2. The skeletal system in the body and what it does within the body

    Joints in action). Examples of these joints are the sutures in the skull and the joint in the ankle. Cartilaginous joints are bones that are joined by cartilage. These bones do have slight movement. The ends of the bone that are covered in Articular or Hyaline cartilage are separated by pads of white Fibrocartilage.

  1. Respiratory system

    Unlike the parietal pleura the visceral pleura is not sensitive to pain. Thoracentesis, http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/Thoracentesis, Webmd.com J Toxicol Environ Health. 1985;15(5):673-86., R.F. Dodson http://www.asbestos.net/medical-glossary/visceral-pleura.html Pleural fluid The excess fluid in the lungs and chest cavity is known as pleural fluid (effusion).

  2. A level Project, Personal Exercise Program on Netball.

    Improves pass and shot distance and strength. Chin/Dip Biceps/Triceps Put hands on grips and depending on dips or chin ups pull yourself up or lower down then push up ensure ankles are crossed for bet stability. Check machinery before use. Make sure back is straight do not look elbows and make sure u extend arms fully in the dip and chin up.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work