• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent will arousal influence preformance in netball.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

AROUSAL Arousal, "A general physiological and psychological activation that varies on a continuum from deep sleep to intense excitement." (Gould and Krane 1992) The relationship between arousal and performance has been a largely researched area over many years. Due to the diverse nature of this subject, many theories have been written in attempt to explain possible influences of arousal on an athlete's performance. Even to this day, research continues and new theories are being thought of. As there are so many theories to choose from, I decided to concentrate my study on only one - Yerkes and Dodson's Inverted-U Hypothesis (1908). In a game of netball, there are seven positions and each position differs in playing zone and purpose. In my study, I have taken two positions to compare - Centre and Goal Shooter. I chose these two positions as they are quite opposite in terms of playing zones and purposes. As each of these positions are different to each other you would expect differences in the factors affecting their performances. So, to explore this I have researched literature to do with netball and the Inverted U Hypothesis from various sources and will discuss my findings later in this study. ...read more.

Middle

DISCUSSION Netball is a fast-moving and tactical game. In high level games, decision are to be made very quickly and carried out very quickly, so an optimum level of arousal should enable you to do so efficiently. However, it is not yet definite how optimum levels of arousal are decided, although there are theories to suggest so like Yerkes and Dodson's Inverted-U Hypothesis. The Inverted-U hypothesis was devised in 1908 by Yerkes and Dodson. They predicted the relationship between arousal and performance to be curvilinear rather than linear like Hull's Drive Theory. Performance is supposed to increase as a performer's arousal/anxiety levels increase up to a certain point (optimum). Apparently, when a performer is considered to be at this optimum level they will perform their best, but any further increase in arousal will cause their performance to decline in proportion to how much over the limit they are. In netball, the Goal Shooter and Centre have two different roles. The role of the Centre is to initiate attack throughout the game and be the link between the defending and attacking players. The playing area is very large - almost the whole court except the two D's either side. The Goal shooter has a much smaller playing zone compared to the Centre. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is a vast amount of information about arousal, stress and anxiety and it would probably take me many years to come to a justified conclusion to my original problem. Another problem I had was that I couldn't get hold of any relevant information linking directly to netball. What I could have done is get hold of research in another team sport and applied it to my case. I feel that I did not use my research to the best of my ability as I have missed out many points, which could also link in with this issue, but due to the time constraint I had to cut a lot out Throughout my study, I did not refer back to my introduction as much as I could have and I didn't refer to my sources much in my discussion. This has sort of made my study drift away from my point and it did not link in together as well as it could have. To extend this project I could conduct tests with various netball teams to get real results and by analysing these results make a real conclusion. I could compare different levels to see if skill level affects performance under pressure, if so then how. - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe arousal, anxiety and stress including their causes. Explain effects on performance. ...

    4 star(s)

    State anxiety: temporary ever changing emotional state with feelings of apprehension or tension. Anxiety can be caused by a number of determining factors. Different athletes from different backgrounds life have different forms of anxiety. An athlete from a third world country may be competing in order to feed his family,

  2. Components of Fitness for Netball.

    To cool down I would jog for 4 minutes and do one of each stretch described above. The effects the warm up have on skeletal muscle in relation to speed and strength of muscle contraction When warming up body temperature increases causing an increase in enzyme production, this allows the

  1. Analysis of Performance - Netball.

    There were some occasions where Maisie had given away a pass by doing incorrect footwork. This may prove costly as in a tournament when matches are often shorter. Fitness: Maisie is quick on her feet but seems to prefer the ground.

  2. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    I then carried out the appropriate stretches for all the muscles I had worked during the session. I held the stretches for 30 seconds to improve my flexibility. Overall Evaluation: Today was a fairly good session. I met two of my session aims as I completed all the components of

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    only time in the season where I didn't hit too many shots in the air and I managed not to give a catches. I was facing two aussie quick bowlers who were very accurate and I felt to score thirty three opening the batting was a Areas selected for further

  2. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    Return and repeat. Hip Adductor: Preparation: Sit in machine with heels on bars. Pull in on lever to position legs apart. Release lever into position and grasp bars to sides. Execution: Move legs toward one another by adduction the hip.

  1. Free essay

    A2 PE Factors Affecting Performance - Anxiety / Arousal

    Tuesday 4th December Conclusions Discuss the evidence found. Clear conclusions. Highlight what improvements have been made to performance. Completion date Include bibliography and appendixes. Front cover page. Hand in! Friday 14th December Review of Literature Somatic anxiety is "Anxiety demonstrated by actual physiological responses such as increased heart rate and sweating."

  2. Analysing the effects of stress and anxiety on sports performers Stress ...

    Obviously too much stress over a long period of time can have a severe impact upon our health causing things such as coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, ulcers, impotence, substance addiction, mental health problems and suicidal tendencies. This assignment will cover the effects of stress and anxiety upon a performer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work