• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Training & Fitness : Types Of Fitness

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Training & Fitness For this task, I have been asked to identify and explain the different types of fitness training. Following this, I will be comparing the different types and methods of training and then critically evaluating these methods of training. This will then enable me to identify the training needs of individuals, and which types or methods of training would be suitable to put them through in a professional situation. Also I will need to analyse the scenario, and tailor the training to the client's needs- the intensity of the training programme can be decided on whether the client takes part in professional/competitive sport, or merely wants to keep generally fit. The different types of fitness are:- * Strength - This is split into two forms, muscular strength, and muscular endurance. Muscular strength is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to contract and produce an explosive and powerful movement. To train for this, the principle of 'overload' or 'intensity' is recommended. This is where the individual trains at a high effort, and the maximum possible work load is taken on. Overload means that you increase the work load, for example if lifting weights, if you could cope with a certain weight for a set of 10,then the weight should be increased (progressively) ...read more.

Middle

To benefit whilst training, it is recommended to train for 20-25 minutes at 80%-85% of the maximum heart rate, two or three times a week. When cardiovascular fitness is trained it aids you to participate in the required activities for longer, or to comfortably increase the amount of work you are doing. With increased frequency of cardiovascular training you can expect a quicker pulse recovery rate after your exercise. In the multi gym, the best ways of training cardio are on the treadmill, the stepper, cross trainer, rower, and the bicycle. To train effectively and prevent boredom it is best to vary which equipment the client uses rather than limit to one piece of equipment for a whole training session. To tailor this training to the client's needs, you must find their personal goals. If they wish to lose weight, then a fat burning programme must be devised and repeated around 3-5 times a week for a duration of approximately 20 - 40 minutes. If the client wishes to gain weight and muscle then their goal would be more easily achievable if they were to avoid too much cardio training and concentrate on strength training; although to maintain cardiovascular fitness, light training should be carried out 2-3 times a week. To improve cardiovascular fitness in general, it is recommended to train 3-4 times a week at 20-40 minutes at a level of moderate intensity, but it can be changed depending on the client's current level of fitness. ...read more.

Conclusion

There are 3 different types of stretches. Active, static, and maintenance. Active stretching is where the client or individual stretches themselves and holds the stretch themselves. The stretch is therefore held by other contracted muscles. These are usually completed in the warm up. Static stretching is where the stretch is held still, at the end of the range of movement. Maintenance stretching is where the client stretches to maintain the range of movement in the body and around the joints. In order for a client to improve their flexibility, it is most suited to complete a sufficient amount of intense developmental stretching. To complete developmental stretching, the client must perform stretches such as the box splits and front splits, back stretches and grounded quadriceps stretching. Developmental stretching is best to be done at as high an effort as possible, with the client giving maximum force to their stretch without injuring themselves. When completing paired stretching with a client, it is essential that you both cooperate with each other and that you are aware that if there is a lack of concentration or communication then injury could be caused. To train flexibility in the multi gym it is practical to use the mats where possible to make sure that the client is as comfortable as possible, but without forgetting that there is to be slight discomfort when performing developmental stretching. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Components of Fitness for Netball.

    the ball and the palm, using the other hand to support the ball only. * Both your arms and legs should bend at precisely the same moment * When releasing the ball try to keep your balance because if you lean forward you are shortening the three feet rule between the defender and you.

  2. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    In the Abdominal, I performed 20, against the National average that is average. For the Standing Vertical Jump I scored 32cm, which is a low score, I also got a low score on the Sit and Reach test, as a low score was less than 25cm, and I performed 23cm.

  1. Personal exercise plan

    around 60-70% of Max so will multiply my answer by 0.6-0.7 This will therefore allow me to focus my energy system so that is specific to my sport and allow greater progress, and by changing my training load, I will recalculate the formula using different percentages to allow overload.

  2. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    development: * TARGETS * PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS I was facing two aussie quick bowlers who were very accurate and I felt to score thirty three opening the batting was a good achievement and I thought I fielded well especially as it was the last game of the season and there was nothing to play for.

  1. Describing and Explaining the Components of Fitness. Fitness and fitness testing

    This test may favour runners but swimmers for example may not perform as well as they might in a swimming pool, this is because runners have c.v but also muscular endurance in the legs and core muscles unlike swimmers that they have upper body.

  2. Training Programme - I want to build up my stamina because I need it ...

    Improved Range of Motion. The range of motion around a joint is increased, especially if flexibility exercises are part of the warm-up. Hormonal Changes. Your body increases its production of various hormones responsible for regulating energy production. During warm-up this balance of hormones makes more carbohydrates and fatty acids available for energy production.

  1. Training schedule - flexibility in martial arts

    and whether you have eaten food recently. Muscular Strength- The ability to exert an external force or to lift a heavy weight. I will use the chin-up test to measure muscular strength in my arms. To do this record how many times you can pull yourself up to the chin

  2. Aerobic Endurance and Strength Training Programmes

    Leave 48 hours between PNF stretching routines. 2. Perform only one exercise per muscle group in a session. 3. For each muscle group complete 2-5 sets of the chosen exercise( Depending on fitness levels, beginners should perform less sets )

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work