• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Training & Fitness : Types Of Fitness

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Training & Fitness For this task, I have been asked to identify and explain the different types of fitness training. Following this, I will be comparing the different types and methods of training and then critically evaluating these methods of training. This will then enable me to identify the training needs of individuals, and which types or methods of training would be suitable to put them through in a professional situation. Also I will need to analyse the scenario, and tailor the training to the client's needs- the intensity of the training programme can be decided on whether the client takes part in professional/competitive sport, or merely wants to keep generally fit. The different types of fitness are:- * Strength - This is split into two forms, muscular strength, and muscular endurance. Muscular strength is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to contract and produce an explosive and powerful movement. To train for this, the principle of 'overload' or 'intensity' is recommended. This is where the individual trains at a high effort, and the maximum possible work load is taken on. Overload means that you increase the work load, for example if lifting weights, if you could cope with a certain weight for a set of 10,then the weight should be increased (progressively) ...read more.

Middle

To benefit whilst training, it is recommended to train for 20-25 minutes at 80%-85% of the maximum heart rate, two or three times a week. When cardiovascular fitness is trained it aids you to participate in the required activities for longer, or to comfortably increase the amount of work you are doing. With increased frequency of cardiovascular training you can expect a quicker pulse recovery rate after your exercise. In the multi gym, the best ways of training cardio are on the treadmill, the stepper, cross trainer, rower, and the bicycle. To train effectively and prevent boredom it is best to vary which equipment the client uses rather than limit to one piece of equipment for a whole training session. To tailor this training to the client's needs, you must find their personal goals. If they wish to lose weight, then a fat burning programme must be devised and repeated around 3-5 times a week for a duration of approximately 20 - 40 minutes. If the client wishes to gain weight and muscle then their goal would be more easily achievable if they were to avoid too much cardio training and concentrate on strength training; although to maintain cardiovascular fitness, light training should be carried out 2-3 times a week. To improve cardiovascular fitness in general, it is recommended to train 3-4 times a week at 20-40 minutes at a level of moderate intensity, but it can be changed depending on the client's current level of fitness. ...read more.

Conclusion

There are 3 different types of stretches. Active, static, and maintenance. Active stretching is where the client or individual stretches themselves and holds the stretch themselves. The stretch is therefore held by other contracted muscles. These are usually completed in the warm up. Static stretching is where the stretch is held still, at the end of the range of movement. Maintenance stretching is where the client stretches to maintain the range of movement in the body and around the joints. In order for a client to improve their flexibility, it is most suited to complete a sufficient amount of intense developmental stretching. To complete developmental stretching, the client must perform stretches such as the box splits and front splits, back stretches and grounded quadriceps stretching. Developmental stretching is best to be done at as high an effort as possible, with the client giving maximum force to their stretch without injuring themselves. When completing paired stretching with a client, it is essential that you both cooperate with each other and that you are aware that if there is a lack of concentration or communication then injury could be caused. To train flexibility in the multi gym it is practical to use the mats where possible to make sure that the client is as comfortable as possible, but without forgetting that there is to be slight discomfort when performing developmental stretching. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Components of Fitness for Netball.

    the ball and the palm, using the other hand to support the ball only. * Both your arms and legs should bend at precisely the same moment * When releasing the ball try to keep your balance because if you lean forward you are shortening the three feet rule between the defender and you.

  2. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    Passive stretching: involving the help of a partner to apply added force and resistance. This allows you to push yourself a little harder and be able to stretch a bit more. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF): involving the isometric contraction of the muscles during passive stretching to further stretch the muscles.

  1. Describing and Explaining the Components of Fitness. Fitness and fitness testing

    Nevertheless it will be needed when running down the wing in football, other sports use speed such as when throwing the javelin. Fast twitch fibres tend to be beneficial in sports where speed is essential, since they release energy for muscular contraction very quickly.

  2. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    'V' stands for variation. It is good to change a weight-training programme regularly to continue to improve as otherwise the muscles adapt to the training and it becomes less effective. As my PEP is only 6 weeks long I will not have any variation.

  1. Personal exercise plan

    Pre-Testing To assess an individual's capability and to plan an effective exercise plan, the performer will be measured and evaluated using fitness testing. 'Fitness testing is therefore a way of gathering information or monitoring components of fitness'. (Frank Galligan 2000)

  2. Personal Exercise Programme.

    fibre damage (specifically to the z-lines and sarcolemma), leading to a leakage of Ca+ which in turn activates enzymes, which then break down muscle proteins and causes an inflammatory response...of pain. See appendix B for a selective list of possible upper body warm-ups used. Excess Post Exercise Oxygen Consumption (EPOC)

  1. Personal Exercise Program #2

    5-10mins of jogging and some static stretches Training Methods Plyometric training - to develop power via fast powerful movements would also include medicine ball training and would be introduced during the second micro cycle. My intention is to replace my existing sprint/cardio workouts with plyometric workout on top of the strength training.

  2. PEP The aspect of fitness I am going to develop is strength. This is ...

    Exercises Bench press: 100 lbs, 20 reps. Bench press: 120 lbs, 10 reps. Bench press: 100 lbs, 20 reps. Bicep curls: 9 kilos, 20 reps. Bicep curls: 10 kilos, 10 reps. I will allow myself a recovery time of 1 minute between each exercise.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work