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Unit 2: Skill Acquisition Task 1- Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure the practises to enhance these components of fitness

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Introduction

Unit 2: Skill Acquisition Task 1- Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and explain how you would structure the practises to enhance these components of fitness. The following essay will give an analysis of the differences between skill, ability, and technique. When performing a particular skill in sport, you need the necessary abilities. By using various media and my own knowledge, this will help me to structure practises to enhance these components of fitness. It is essential that we understand the different types of skill, the contrast between skill and ability, and how these link with technique. In sport, skill is more a concept than a word. We talk in terms of skills existing within a sport (for example a tennis serve) or in terms of a sport itself being a skill. In sport, a skill is seen as a co-ordinated act, involving complex movements brought together in a consistent and smooth manner. Skill is defined as 'an organised co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or situation which involves a whole chain of sensory, central and motor mechanisms,' (Wellford A.T & Traviss, A., Fundamentals of Skills,1968). Skill is an athlete's ability to choose and perform the right technique at the right time, successfully, regularly and with minimum effort. ...read more.

Middle

This could be improved by practising the drill and getting the necessary feedback from your coach to see if you employing the technique correctly. Such drills like these are part of the motions of running and these drills could enhance an athlete's performance. Another example is taking a free kick in football when a player needs to employ the correct technique when striking the ball to achieve the optimum effect. To improve free kicks, a drill session can be set up with balls located in various positions around the outside of the penalty box and players should practice taking free kicks. An example of free kick technique should be shown by the coach, (like for example, not to lean back to much etc). Another aid would be looking at the perfect model, like such players as David Beckham. Practice is the key to accuracy and success when taking free kicks. In conclusion it is clear that there are differences between skill, ability and technique. When performing a particular skill, a sportsman needs to learn the required technique fully. In order to learn the specific technique fully, we must have the necessary abilities. Performers at an elite level must have been born with natural abilities and then develop the specific techniques for them to perform the skills at a high level. ...read more.

Conclusion

Feedback should be motivating, reinforcing and informational, there should be positive reactions trying to encourage all of the time." (McArdle 1994) No one can be perfect. It does not exist, although practice can make the skills you have learned permanent, as long as the practice that you are doing is correct for the sport being undertaken. In conclusion is clear that there are differences between skill and ability and that people will use the word skill, but really mean technique. "Technique is how you carry out your actions in a sport, if the correct technique is not taught then the performer will pick up bad habits, which then may affect their performance in the next game." (Barry 2000) Skills and abilities are needed in every sport but at different levels some sports need more than others. " Performers at the elite level must have been born with natural abilities and they develop the specific techniques for them to perform the skills at such a high level." (Galligan 2000). REFERENCE PAGE -------------- Morton D et al (2000) Advanced physical education through diagram Roscoe D et al (2001) PE and sports studies advanced level student Beashel P et al (1996) Advanced studies in physical education McArdle WD et al (1994) Essentials of exercise physiology Davids B et al (2000) Physical education and the study of sport Sharpe B (1992) Acquiring skill in sport WORD COUNT1130 ... ...read more.

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