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With reference to Osteoarthritis and Osteoporosis describe the effects of ageing on skeletal tissue.

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Introduction

With reference to Osteoarthritis and Osteoporosis describe the effects of ageing on skeletal tissue. Many changes occur in the body as we age. Changes happen amongst the bones, joints and muscles, and two results of this are Osteoarthritis and Osteoporosis. Osteoarthritis doesn't have any genetic link nor it is an autoimmune disease. In a person with Osteoarthritis, the normally very smooth surface at the cartilage of the joints become rougher and therefore making the joint movement more difficult and can be very painful. Some degeneration of the joint happens in everyone as they age so therefore nearly everybody over sixty has some degree of roughening of the cartilage in their joints. ...read more.

Middle

Suffers tend to be those who played a lot of sports or dance in their earlier life as this has repeated vigorous bending of the joints such as, the knees. Another reason for Osteoarthritis is those who have joints that have been twisted, and if people are overweight due to the strain put on the joints. Osteoporosis is also a degenerative disease that results from an imbalance in the normal breakdown and rebuilding of skeletal tissue. However with osteoporosis unlike Osteoarthritis it is the bone that is affected rather than the cartilage. Bone mass is lost as a person ages with the maximum bone mass of a person being at the age of thirty after which it slowly decreases. ...read more.

Conclusion

In order to reduce the chance of getting osteoporosis when you are older is doing regular exercise as growth of the bone responds to the forced that is put on it and therefore you will have a higher bone mass that will take longer to break down in the persons later years. Diets lacking in calcium or vitamin D can result in poor mineralisation of the bone. Best source of calcium is from dairy products but unfortunately many people avoid eating these foods as they are seen as fattening or likely to increase cholesterol levels. Dieting, which causes their weight to be artificially low, and people who smoke are at risk. Women are more likely to develop osteoporosis because their bone mass is less than men throughout their lives. ...read more.

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