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Age of Peel - From 'Toryism' to 'Conservatism'.

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Introduction

Age of Peel Focus Point One - From 'Toryism' to 'Conservatism' .Sir Robert Peel was largely responsible for the transformation of the crippled 'Tory' Party, with his astute leadership of the Party and his national statesmanship. .During the 1830's the two combined very efficiently to make Peel s a successful leader of a revived and reinvigorated opposition. .As Prime Minister between 1841 and 1846 Peel secured a large measure of economic reform, all very much in the national interest, but with dwindling enthusiasm of the party. .Most modern historians consider the decade between 1830 and 18 41 one of major achievement for Peel .E.J Evans considers that during the period the old Tory Party was 'subsumed within a broader Conservatism under the guidance of its leader, Sir Robert Peel'. ...read more.

Middle

1832-175 1835-273 1837-313 1841-267 .To some extent the Tories benefited from the growing difficulties experienced in the Whig Party in sustaining the Reform Momentum. .However most historians are quick to place credit and emphasis on Peel, for example his personal qualities, according to Adelman 'he was a man, who in terms of intellect, experience and national influence, stood head and shoulders above any member of the part or the House of Commons' .Peel's flexibility led to the major change in the transformation in that he accepted the 1832 Reform Act. .The Tories also accepted the need to be open-minded about reform and saw the advantage here of moving closer to the Whigs and of contesting with them on 'Reforming Ground'. .Peel found a new formula for Toryism, which gradually, and more appropriately, came to be known as Conservatism: he grafted reform on to tradition and justified it in the name of continuity. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Tamworth Manifesto in 1834 was symbolic of the new approach of the Tory Party adapted to the issue of reform. It started with the statement that Peel felt it was essential to 'Enter into a declaration of my view of public policy'. He had already given his indications of reforms in the 1820's. The Reform Act itself must be seen as the 'final and irrevocable settlement of a great Constitutional question'. .The Tamworth Manifesto projected a much more modern and positive party image. According to Greville it was 'A prodigious sensation, and nobody talks of anything else'. . The name Conservative became more of an informal name and managed to weave its way into the official title of the Party. .The Conservatives managed to win a landslide victory in the 1841 General Election due to the above points and the massive crack in the Whig Party and its lack of effort to the promise of Reform following the Great Reform Act of 1832. ...read more.

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