• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"An admirable and enlightened example of international co-operation.' Does the congress System (1815-25) deserve to be so described?

Extracts from this document...


"An admirable and enlightened example of international co-operation.' Does the congress System (1815-25) deserve to be so described? When the Napoleonic Wars came to the end, the European countries held the Congress of Vienna to settle down the problems. After that, the European powers decided to hold conferences in the coming years to maintain the peace of Europe and solve the problems by talking, discussing, but not by wars. These congresses, which included Congress of Vienna (1814-15), Congress of Aix-la Chapelle (1818), Congress of Troppau (1820), Congress of Laibach (1821), and Congress of Verona (1822), formed the Congress System, which can be also called Metternich System or the Concert of Europe. This essay is going to have a look that if the Congress System is an admirable and enlightened example of international co-operation. First of all, the definition of admirable and enlightened should be stated. Admirable means excellent, and deserves others to respect with pleasure and satisfaction. Enlightened means free from prejudice, ignorance. Based on these definitions, the Congress system should be admired if it had reached its aims, which were maintain the peace of Europe and solving the problems by discussing and without war, unless the latter was a necessary and unavoidable. ...read more.


Maybe some people thought the reject of the proposals was because of the selfishness of the powers and this action had no advantages for keeping peace of Europe. But there is a different view, if there was an allied army or international fleet, the peace in Europe will be destroyed. Due to the selfishness of the powers, the powers would take advantages of these armies and fleets for their own purpose, such as the Russian would try to influence the West Europe and Mediterranean Sea, etc. These actions would destroy the balance of power and could keep the Europe in a peaceful status. There were some different views between the powers on some events, such as on the revolutions in Spain, the Spain colonies and Greece. The British preferred not to interfere with the internal affairs of other states, for her trading benefit, and the Austrian, Russian and Prussian preferred to suppress because themselves were multi-racial countries. The Congress System provided an opportunity for the powers to clearly express their views on these events. Nevertheless the views were a little bit different, the countries did not need to guess if the others countries would support her or not. ...read more.


Secondly, before the congress system, powers didn't discuss the issues that all of them concern for, although the issues were not their business. For example, the revolution in Spain was discussed in the Congress of Aix-la Chapelle and other congresses. Spanish revolution was clearly an internal affairs of Spain, but not the powers, but the powers also discussed it. Although there were different views between the powers, the powers reached an agreement that they should not touch Spain in the Congress of Aix-la Chapelle, although this idea was changed in the Congress of Verona. It is clearly shown that the Congress changed the powers acting themselves to taking action together. This could prevent some wars. As the Congress System succeeded, and it has a number of advantages, people later still adopt this system. Based on the congress system, there was Congress of Berlin, etc. Furthermore, the League of Nations, which was made after the Great War, and the United Nations nowadays have the same spirit as the Congress System, that's solving the problem by discussing instead of fighting. Considering all the above, the Congress System could maintain the peace of Europe. It also set up a method, which was better than the one before, to solve the problems between the countries in Europe. Furthermore, its spirit still conquers today. Therefore, it deserves to be described as "An admirable and enlightened example of international co-operation." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. "The conflicting interests of the Great Powers made its failure inevitable." Discuss this verdict ...

    Along with the conflicting aims of the Powers and individuals, internal disagreements, such as those in Greece and Spain, were perhaps the most important reason for the downfall of the Congress system. Let us keep in mind that the original purpose of this congress was to bring peace to Europe,

  2. Federalism essay

    He wonders about the number and relationship between the authorities; how many levels of government should there be, and how should they be related to each other. Where should we locate the power to appoint and select authorities? He then asks where should the administrative and implementing areas of the government be.

  1. Power and Significance Of Congress

    Another important function of Congress is passing legislation. The legislating process is made deliberately difficult, with the example of 13,000 bills being introduced in the 2005/2006 session, with only 3% of the bills being passed (395), this highlights how hard it is to pass legislation. Ultimately it often comes down to support of a bill from either the

  2. Consider whether the activities of pressure groups help or hinder the operation of a ...

    More often than not, wealthy groups get their own way. They can afford to bid for ex-Congressmen to lobby for them and give them access to the decision makers. The "Revolving Door" is where the most effective lobbyists are drawn from; people who have finished their term in Congress are

  1. Free essay

    Should the primary system be reformed?

    In 2008, scheduling became particularly controversial with Michigan and Florida trying to move their primaries to earlier in the season. The Democratic party initially responded by refusing to seat their delegates at the national convention - although they later agreed to seat half of them.

  2. The Congress of Vienna

    to make her a useful and powerful ally."3 Having recently been defeated by Napoleon, Prussia was weak compared to the other big powers (Austria, Britain, and Russia). Its main goal was to restore its population of 1805 by acquiring new land, preferably in the German country of Saxony.

  1. Mexican Border Problems

    According to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) supplied numbers of OTMs registered, by country of origin, who had been released on their own recognizance for fiscal years 2002, 2003, and 2004 were 5,775, 9,139, and 30,756 respectively. The United States is a sovereign nation that has every right to

  2. Assess the power and significance of congress.

    If the republicans had two thirds in each house, it would render the president powerless in the passage of law, as even if he veto'd, he could be over ridden. Also, he could be a bit more restrained in foreign policy without such a majority.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work