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AP Government Review for Federalism

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Introduction

AP REVIEW FOR FEDERALISM 1. Block Grants - federal grant that could be used for a variety of purposes ususally with few accompanying restrictions 2. Categorical grants - federal grant for a specific purpose often w/ accomplanying conditions and or requiring a local match 3. Conditions of aid - federal rules that states must follow if they choose to receive the federal grants w/ which the rules are associated 4. Cooperative Federalism - 5. Devolution - an effort to shift responisbility for a wide range of domestic programs from Washington 6. Dual Federalism - the doctrine that both states and natl'l govts. are supreme in their respective spheres 7. Gibbons v. ...read more.

Middle

McCulloch v. Maryland - Supreme Court decision embodying the principle of implied powers on the nat'l govt. 12. Nullification - a doctrine espoused by Calhoun that states could hold certain nat'l policies invalid w/in their boundaries 13. Referendum - procedure that enables voters to reject a measure adopted by a legislature 14. Revenue Sharing - a federal grant that requires not matching funds and provides freedom in how to spend it 15. Unfounded Mandates - 1) Create a timeline that highlights important events in the history of American Federalism. (Begin w/ McCulloch v. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bureaucratic Theory - a thoery that appointed civil servants make the key governing decisions 5. Marxist Theory - theory that govt. is merely a reflection of underlying economic forces 6. Pluralist Theory - a theory that no one interest group consistently holds political power 7. Elitist Theory - a theory that a few top leaders make the key decisions w/o reference to popular desires 1) The legitimacy of the United States government has increased over time. Identify and explain how legitimacy was increased by two of the following: The Constitutional Convention, the Civil War, the New Deal. 2) Identify and explain how each of the following theories view how the elite rule the government: Bureacratic, Marxist, Pluralist, Elitist. ...read more.

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