• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Arab-Israeli conflict.

Extracts from this document...


Katie Wilson Arab-Israeli conflict Q1) Israeli Jews and Palestinian Arabs have alternative opinions as to the valid ownership of the territory known as Palestine or Israel. Israelis believe that Israel is their homeland as it was given to them by God in ancient times and that they have a duty to live were their people did in biblical times. However Palestinians also believe that they have a right to live in Palestine, they have lived their for centuries and were driven out by the arrival of the Jewish Zionists in 1948 when they were made homeless and refugees by the Israelis illegal occupation. Israeli Jews themselves are divided in their views of how to deal with the Palestinian threat. Many Orthodox Jews believe that compromise impossible as suicide bombers frequently attack settlements in the occupied territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Other Israelis want to increase Jewish settlements and believe in a peaceful solution to the conflict. Religious and non-religious Jews also have differing opinions. These differences go back to the days before Israel existed, as many religious Jews disapproved of non-religious Jews setting up a Jewish state in Israel. ...read more.


The intifada began in 1987 when young Palestinians in West Bank and Gaza began to throw stones and petrol bombs at the Israeli troops occupying these areas. The Israeli tried to smash the 'shaking off' by force, many demonstrators were shot dead. In five years over 1000 Palestinian demonstrators were killed by Israeli troops. The intifada encouraged world opinion to think better of Palestinians, whereas the Israelis were seen as being harsh towards the young Palestinian protesters. World leaders began to put pressure on the Israelis to compromise. The PLO and its leader Yasser Arafat saw the Intifada as a way to gain support to create a Palestinian state in Gaza and the West Bank. To do this he needed American support, as a result in 1988 he made a number of concessions which were required by the Americans. Israelis view the Intifada as a time when Israeli forces were attacked with provocation, when children were encouraged to attack and abuse Palestinians. The Israelis tried to regain control using tear gas and rubber bullets. Whereas the Palestinian view is that 983 Palestinians were killed by military forces by 1991, huge numbers were beaten and imprisoned without arrest or trial. ...read more.


These outbreaks have been the activities of extremist groups who believe that organisations like the PLO are compromising too much. Recently another intifada has broken out in Gaza on the West Bank between Palestinians and Israelis. At present it is a year old having started in September 2001. Most Palestinian families have been affected in some way by this violence, many by the suicide bombers who are thought of as heroes by the Palestinians. The Israeli forces use 'legitimate' force in order to route out these terrorists. The illegal Israeli settlements scattered throughout Palestinian 'mini state' has meant road closures, curfews and continued use of passes for Palestinians in the area. These restrictions have made working impossible for many Palestinian civilians as they go up against Israeli armed forces. The Jewish settlers have made earning a livelihood impossible for Palestinians, for example the Jewish destruction of Palestinian olive groves. The September 11th attacks on America have complicated the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. The attacks resulted in the International War on Terrorism which has given the Israelis a legitimate reason to support it's attacks on Palestinian compounds (i.e Arafat's compound) as a harsh reaction to terrorist suicide bombers. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Terrorism. What is terrorism? 2. Why do terrorists ...

    Russian Special Forces managed to kill the rebels using nerve gas but that also left 120 people dead. The reason the Chechen gunmen seized theatre was so that it gave publicity to their cause which was to make Chechnya independent from Russia.

  2. Can terrorism ever be a legitimate and effective means of pursuing political goals?

    However, its still does not prove that terrorist methods are acceptable, as civilians still remained targets. So far we have only looked at those terrorist organizations that consider non-combatants, or civilians to be fair victims. However, this has not always been the case, throughout history there has been groups that

  1. Arab-Israeli conflict

    The problem of refugees is also a long-standing one and is linked to the occupied territories. Since 1948 refugees have been settling down in the occupied territories. In 1948 their were 190,000 refugees and by 1988 their were 500,000 in Gaza alone and in the West Bank the number of

  2. Are suicide bombers psychological disturbed or brainwashed by external forces After the attacks on ...

    It also suggests the fact that Khan and the other three bombers were brainwashed by a ringleader who was using them to do his or her dirty work. This fact can be seen by the fact that the September 11th attacks were not simply spontaneous decisions by the terrorists of lets go and hijack civilian jets and sacrifice ourselves.

  1. 'The new Palestinian Revolt',

    Also included are bombings of apartment buildings using 1,000kg bombs and air strikes that target markets and crowded streets, which claim many women and children as their victims The total number of Palestinians killed by Israel during the current Intifada is around 2700, the vast majority of them civilians.

  2. History Coursework: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    McMahon promised that if the Arabs fought against the Turks then Britain would be "prepared to support the independence of the Arabs". An Arab army was raised and led by Prince Faisal, the son of the Sharif of Mecca. The army successfully blew up Turkish trains and disturbed the Turkish military supplies.

  1. To what extent is the current 'road map to peace' likely to be more ...

    There were still a great deal of violence and terrorist attacks. Two years after the peace treaty was signed, Sadat was assassinated by Arab extremists in Egypt. Following the Gulf War against Saddam Hussein in 1990, a conference was held in Madrid where US President Bush stated that any settlement

  2. Arab Israeli Conflict

    I am now going to analyse sources A, B, C to find out why Palestinians left their homes. Source A is a pamphlet and was written in 1984 by the p.l.o. The source tells us the Jews massacred Deir Yassin so the Arabs had no choice but to leave otherwise they would have also been killed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work