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Arab-Israeli conflict.

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Introduction

Katie Wilson Arab-Israeli conflict Q1) Israeli Jews and Palestinian Arabs have alternative opinions as to the valid ownership of the territory known as Palestine or Israel. Israelis believe that Israel is their homeland as it was given to them by God in ancient times and that they have a duty to live were their people did in biblical times. However Palestinians also believe that they have a right to live in Palestine, they have lived their for centuries and were driven out by the arrival of the Jewish Zionists in 1948 when they were made homeless and refugees by the Israelis illegal occupation. Israeli Jews themselves are divided in their views of how to deal with the Palestinian threat. Many Orthodox Jews believe that compromise impossible as suicide bombers frequently attack settlements in the occupied territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Other Israelis want to increase Jewish settlements and believe in a peaceful solution to the conflict. Religious and non-religious Jews also have differing opinions. These differences go back to the days before Israel existed, as many religious Jews disapproved of non-religious Jews setting up a Jewish state in Israel. ...read more.

Middle

The intifada began in 1987 when young Palestinians in West Bank and Gaza began to throw stones and petrol bombs at the Israeli troops occupying these areas. The Israeli tried to smash the 'shaking off' by force, many demonstrators were shot dead. In five years over 1000 Palestinian demonstrators were killed by Israeli troops. The intifada encouraged world opinion to think better of Palestinians, whereas the Israelis were seen as being harsh towards the young Palestinian protesters. World leaders began to put pressure on the Israelis to compromise. The PLO and its leader Yasser Arafat saw the Intifada as a way to gain support to create a Palestinian state in Gaza and the West Bank. To do this he needed American support, as a result in 1988 he made a number of concessions which were required by the Americans. Israelis view the Intifada as a time when Israeli forces were attacked with provocation, when children were encouraged to attack and abuse Palestinians. The Israelis tried to regain control using tear gas and rubber bullets. Whereas the Palestinian view is that 983 Palestinians were killed by military forces by 1991, huge numbers were beaten and imprisoned without arrest or trial. ...read more.

Conclusion

These outbreaks have been the activities of extremist groups who believe that organisations like the PLO are compromising too much. Recently another intifada has broken out in Gaza on the West Bank between Palestinians and Israelis. At present it is a year old having started in September 2001. Most Palestinian families have been affected in some way by this violence, many by the suicide bombers who are thought of as heroes by the Palestinians. The Israeli forces use 'legitimate' force in order to route out these terrorists. The illegal Israeli settlements scattered throughout Palestinian 'mini state' has meant road closures, curfews and continued use of passes for Palestinians in the area. These restrictions have made working impossible for many Palestinian civilians as they go up against Israeli armed forces. The Jewish settlers have made earning a livelihood impossible for Palestinians, for example the Jewish destruction of Palestinian olive groves. The September 11th attacks on America have complicated the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. The attacks resulted in the International War on Terrorism which has given the Israelis a legitimate reason to support it's attacks on Palestinian compounds (i.e Arafat's compound) as a harsh reaction to terrorist suicide bombers. ...read more.

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