• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Arab israeli Conflict

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Arab Israeli conflict is a Modern phenomenon which began around the turn of the 20th century. Although both sides have different religions, the Israelis being mainly Jewish and the Arabs containing Muslims, Christians and Druze, it is fundamentally a fight over land. Land has always been a fundamental issue between the Zionists and the Palestinian-Arabs. The Jewish claim to the land goes all the way back to biblical times when God promised Israel to "Abraham and he's seed forever". This promise has stayed with the Jews, prompting many of them to think that Palestine is meant to be there homeland. However the Jews were expelled from Israel by the Romans in 135AD and afterwards spread out in Europe, this is more commonly known as Diaspora. While in Europe they experienced many anti-Semitic attacks such as the Pogroms in Russia it was this that motivated Theodore Hertzle to unite Jews in the Zionist movement. ...read more.

Middle

They first started emigrating in large numbers around 1917 when the Balfour declaration became known. This was Britain supporting the Jewish idea of a homeland in Palestine. However Britain didn't just support the idea of a Jewish homeland they also supported the Arabs dream of an independent state in the McMahon- Husayn understandings in 1915. Instead of doing either, after the war Britain and France carved up the Middle East between them as agreed in a secret arrangement that had been decided before either the Balfour declaration or the McMahon understandings. This betrayal caused hatred of the British and of the opposing side because the Arabs didn't get the independent state they had dreamt of for centuries and the Jews didn't get the homeland they needed to get away from the anti-Semitism in Europe. After world war one Britain ruled Palestine under a mandate and allowed a steady flow of Jews in to the area that bought land and settled. ...read more.

Conclusion

the were doing their duty and the Arabs began to feel inferior and they felt that they could rule this land better than anyone. The next major influx of Jews was just after Hitler's rise to power in 1933 leading to new land purchases and Jewish settlements that angered the Arabs even more this climaxed in 1936 with the Arab revolt which lasted for three years. Britain did suppress it but afterwards reconsidered their governing policy and let out a white paper statement that limited future Jewish immigration. This however caused more agro because the Zionist believed it a betrayal of the Balfour declaration and thought this insensitive considering what the European Jews were going through under Hitler's rule in Germany. By the end of the second world war there were 1269000 Arabs living in Palestine and 608,000 Jews living under the British mandate and the Jews had bought 6-8% of the land which was 20% of the arable land. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Arab-Israeli conflict

    This wall went even further away from agreement. It basically split up the land that was supposed to be given to the Palestinians. No agreement is going to take place without peace and the example of this wall does not make peace it just brews contentions.

  2. 'The new Palestinian Revolt',

    a basis for arguing that Israel has been and continues to sanction killing children. How far do Palestinian activities against innocent civilians weigh up against Israel's record? If aims justifies means as it did for the founders of israel, then to publicise the suffering and killing of Palestinian children, there is a political basis for targeting Israeli children.

  1. History Coursework: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The Intifada shocked Israel and the surrounding Arab states. In fact, it shocked the world. The Israeli response to the Intifada was to insist on an "Iron Fist" policy. Live ammunition was used to counter the threat. All over the world, television and newspapers caught images of Israeli troops firing on teenagers.

  2. Arab Israeli Conflict

    meant the international community felt obliged to help the Jews by giving them a homeland they were also pressured by the rising amount of Jews going into Palestine from the Zionist movement. So the UN partitioned Palestine by making three states the Jewish state of Israel, Arab state and a international state around Jerusalem.

  1. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    In response to the demands of the ultra-nationalist and religious parties, Israel increased the number and size of settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. By 1988 more than half the West Bank and a third of the Gaza Strip had been transferred to Jewish control.

  2. Arab and Israeli conflict - source related study.

    Says that the Jews had the land in the first place and the Palestinians were just trying to achieve independence he also mentions in real life no place was present when he comments, "In reality no place exited". This shows that the British writer has said that there was no

  1. Arab Israeli conflict.

    Even though this site in east Jerusalem is known to Israelis as the Temple Mount, Muslims call this area Al-Haram Al-Sharif and believe it to be the site of the Dome of Rock, the third holiest shrine in Islam. Although self-rule was granted to Palestinians in most of the west

  2. Jewish Diaspora.

    There are no traces of to where these Jews dispersed. This diaspora was initiated when the Assyrians forced the Jews out of Israel. Ten tribes left the Promiseland and were never heard from again. These have come to be known as the Ten Lost Tribes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work