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Arab-Israeli Conflict

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Introduction

Arab-Israeli Conflict During the First World War (1914-1918), Britain met with problems concerning promises made, yet not being kept. Britain, knowing that it needed all the help it could get against the German allies, promised land to people who desperately wanted it. However, as it was revealed Britain had no intention of honouring their word. The first promise to be made was to the Arabs, in a desperate attempt to overpower one of the countries the British were fighting; the Turks. The Arab leader, Sherif Hussein, agreed to help defeat the Turks, on the condition that at the end of the war, the Arabs would get their freedom. The British accepted the terms, and in 1915 it was written up in a letter to Hussein, more commonly known as the McMahon letter, due to the person who wrote it. The Arabs assisted the British in conquering Syria and Palestine, and were eagerly awaiting the end of the war when they would be able to claim back their lost freedom. The second promise, however, was a vain attempt at keeping on good terms with the French, as whether or not the French were going to 'stay friendly' with the British was becoming questionable. This promise was to France, promising to share the Middle East with the French after the war. ...read more.

Middle

The passage of oil to the Anglo-French States was stopped. War broke out, but on 6th November the UN ordered a cease-fire, forcing the British and French to withdraw. In 1073, there was a surprise attack on Israel. It was called the Yom Kippur war. The Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) was an important Jewish Religious day and also an annual holiday Once again the Arabs were defeated, and the war was stopped by Superpowers (the United States and the USSR). In 1974, Yassir Arafat spoke at the UN. In 1978, due to the war in Lebanon, the Camp David Agreement was issued. It ensured peace between Egypt and Israel. However, the Palestinians felt betrayed. There were attempts by Israel to destroy the PLO bases there. The PLO (Palestine Liberation Organisation) was an umbrella organisation. It included many organisations with their own agendas and aims, however they all agreed on the destruction of Israel, and using 'terrorist' methods. They claimed to represent the Arab people. The Palestinian uprising in the West Bank and Gaza in the 1980's was called the Intifada, and during the height of this, in December 1988, secret talks were opened by the USA with PLO officials. Yassir Arafat was persuaded to publicly reject terrorism. This led to the USA being able to negotiate openly with the PLO and put more pressure on the Israelis to have the much needed peace talks with the Palestinians. ...read more.

Conclusion

Since the land has been in Israel's hands since 1949, and Israel has occupied it since then, it would be difficult to change this, and so some people may object to the alterations. The subject of the Arab refugees is a major problem, as the issue of where exactly these Arabs would stay upon there return to their State due to the mass over-running by Israelis. It would cause total up-heave if Jewish settlers were made to leave their homes in order for the Arab refugees to have somewhere to live. Most of the conflict is centred around one thing; land, who owns it and who controls it. There will always be those who disagree with the peace accord, although there are those who choose to deal with their anger with the only way they know how; violence. In 1995, Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated, yet not by an Arab. A fellow Israeli, who opposed to any agreement with the Palestinians, assassinated him. In conclusion, it is apparent that although a peace accord has been signed and efforts have been made, there are still many problems that need to be dealt with before there can be any chance of lasting peace. If both sided can control their extremists, and co-operate in the decisions made, maybe total peace can be achieved, and all this conflict will be a thing of the past. By Charlotte Grant ...read more.

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