• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the effects of imperialism on European countries during the later years of the nineteenth century

Extracts from this document...


Assess the effects of imperialism on European countries during the later years of the nineteenth century. From about 1870-1905, also known as the 'Era of Empire for Empire's Sake', 'The Great Adventure' and 'The Scramble for Africa', European nations began what is called 'New Imperialism' today. During this age, almost 23,000,000 km� of territory was acquired. Colonialism was widespread in Southeast Asia and the East Asia seaboard, but Africa was still ultimately the target of imperialist expansion. There had been much controversy on the effects of 'New Imperialism', whether it did more harm or good to the European nations. Colonies alleviated the economic problems of their colonial masters. As a result of falling mortality rates and rising life expectancies in the 18th century due to medical advancement, the population in Europe rose dramatically and rapidly (from 188 million to 432 million in 1800 to 1900). ...read more.


This was earlier advocated by pro-imperialists such as L�opold II (Belgium), Francesco Crispi (Italy), and Jules Ferry (France). Besides, colonies supplied the European nations with commodities (coffee beans, porcelain, etc) and natural resources (copper, cotton, rubber, tin, etc), which European consumers had grown accustomed to and which European industry had grown dependent upon. Imperialism brought along, in addition, substantial economic benefits to European nations. Surplus capital was often invested overseas, where cheap labour, limited competition, and abundant raw materials made larger profits possible. However, the economic advantages imperialism brought along were overvalued. Many colonies, particularly the sub-Saharan African ones, were of negligible economic value, and their colonial masters even incurred substantial costs defending them in times of war. ...read more.


Pressurised by its European counterparts who were colonising more and more territories, Germany took control over three territories in eastern and western Africa, further adding to the tension between European nations. Furthermore, the Spanish-American War (1898) and the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05) signalled the emergence of new imperial powers. To defend their interests, the great powers tangled themselves into a web of alliances, making the outbreak of a world war a forgone conclusion of economic imperialism. To conclude, imperialism may have brought substantial economic benefits to the European nations. However, a big price had to be paid - worsening of relations and deeper animosity between the various great powers. Soon enough, this led to a military conflict on a unprecedented magnitude, and the costs it brought along virtually overwrote all the economic benefits gained from imperialism. Hence, imperialism brought along more harm than good to the European nations. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. The Institution of the European Union and Theories.

    in all the single market countries but had different advertising campaigns as different countries had different beliefs. Firstly Boots did not test its products on animals and this is stated on all Boots brands, as most countries that Boots operates in do not take kindly to animal testing.

  2. Success of New Imperialism

    The empires of Tukulor, Mandinka and Lamine were the largest in this area and would have been a dangerous enemy for the French had they been able to cooperate and unite against France. However, each was too busy settling internal differences (especially political and ethnical)

  1. Why are developing countries unhappy with the global arrangements under the Bretton Woods system?

    One example of the affects of agricultural protectionism can be seen in The United States where the US government subsidizes cotton farmers two to four billion dollars annually which has severe repercussions for African farmers (Clapp, 2006:565). In 2003 US agricultural exports sold for anywhere between 10 percent and 50

  2. European colonialism in Southeast Asia.

    The economic developments brought about by the British were also not favourable to all, causing resentful workers to rebel. As Murphey wrote, Most of the capital for the development of India was obtained at the expense of the Indians themselves.

  1. Transformation of the U.S. Hegemony in Europe through NATO after the Cold War

    However, the U.S. enforced its role through the established institutions by adjusting them into the new conditions. Assuming the leadership of the Western world in the Cold War period, U.S. pursued the policy of transforming its hegemonic architecture, by making the redefinitions of the new security dimensions of Europe mostly through NATO.

  2. Why did many British colonies demand independence from Britain in the years immediately after ...

    They organised themselves into Mau Mau. Mau Mau was part secret society and part guerrilla army. It s aim was to drive which white farmers any their workers of the Kikuyu lands. However there were some black Africans and Indian leaders who were educated and lived for a time in Britain.

  1. United Nations: "In Bed With The Devil".

    but no disarmament of Serbians of any kind was imposed on Serbia! They have also resisted the formation of any law that would allow for the right of Kosovars to "bear arms," a right held in all truly democratic Nations.

  2. Analyse of the effects of price transparency in Europe, with particular reference to the ...

    Similarly, parallel traders out of southern Germany supply many consumer goods in northern Italy. Differences in indirect taxes (VAT and other indirect taxes) explain to some degree these prices gaps, certainly for cars, in the Eurozone. The remaining part of these price gaps is caused by the price discrimination by manufactures.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work