• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the effects of imperialism on European countries during the later years of the nineteenth century

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the effects of imperialism on European countries during the later years of the nineteenth century. From about 1870-1905, also known as the 'Era of Empire for Empire's Sake', 'The Great Adventure' and 'The Scramble for Africa', European nations began what is called 'New Imperialism' today. During this age, almost 23,000,000 km� of territory was acquired. Colonialism was widespread in Southeast Asia and the East Asia seaboard, but Africa was still ultimately the target of imperialist expansion. There had been much controversy on the effects of 'New Imperialism', whether it did more harm or good to the European nations. Colonies alleviated the economic problems of their colonial masters. As a result of falling mortality rates and rising life expectancies in the 18th century due to medical advancement, the population in Europe rose dramatically and rapidly (from 188 million to 432 million in 1800 to 1900). ...read more.

Middle

This was earlier advocated by pro-imperialists such as L�opold II (Belgium), Francesco Crispi (Italy), and Jules Ferry (France). Besides, colonies supplied the European nations with commodities (coffee beans, porcelain, etc) and natural resources (copper, cotton, rubber, tin, etc), which European consumers had grown accustomed to and which European industry had grown dependent upon. Imperialism brought along, in addition, substantial economic benefits to European nations. Surplus capital was often invested overseas, where cheap labour, limited competition, and abundant raw materials made larger profits possible. However, the economic advantages imperialism brought along were overvalued. Many colonies, particularly the sub-Saharan African ones, were of negligible economic value, and their colonial masters even incurred substantial costs defending them in times of war. ...read more.

Conclusion

Pressurised by its European counterparts who were colonising more and more territories, Germany took control over three territories in eastern and western Africa, further adding to the tension between European nations. Furthermore, the Spanish-American War (1898) and the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05) signalled the emergence of new imperial powers. To defend their interests, the great powers tangled themselves into a web of alliances, making the outbreak of a world war a forgone conclusion of economic imperialism. To conclude, imperialism may have brought substantial economic benefits to the European nations. However, a big price had to be paid - worsening of relations and deeper animosity between the various great powers. Soon enough, this led to a military conflict on a unprecedented magnitude, and the costs it brought along virtually overwrote all the economic benefits gained from imperialism. Hence, imperialism brought along more harm than good to the European nations. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. Why are developing countries unhappy with the global arrangements under the Bretton Woods system?

    One example of the affects of agricultural protectionism can be seen in The United States where the US government subsidizes cotton farmers two to four billion dollars annually which has severe repercussions for African farmers (Clapp, 2006:565). In 2003 US agricultural exports sold for anywhere between 10 percent and 50

  2. Success of New Imperialism

    The empires of Tukulor, Mandinka and Lamine were the largest in this area and would have been a dangerous enemy for the French had they been able to cooperate and unite against France. However, each was too busy settling internal differences (especially political and ethnical)

  1. Transformation of the U.S. Hegemony in Europe through NATO after the Cold War

    It was in 1994 Brussels summit when the U.S. for the first time takes serious steps towards repositioning itself in Europe by welcoming European Security and Defense initiative. NATO's Berlin-Brussels agreement in 1996 was significant in terms of the NATO's and mostly U.S. stance regarding this initiative. According to U.S.

  2. Analyse of the effects of price transparency in Europe, with particular reference to the ...

    In the UK, price reductions resulting from the pressures of transparency are doubly interesting, as they show that sterling currency does not insulate UK businesses from its effects. The introduction of Ecommerce permits instant price comparison across frontiers. This is particularly significant for 'big ticket' items and financial services products

  1. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.

    For example, analysts spoke about the comeback of a strong OPEC in the late 1990s. They gave several reasons for their view. Venezuela was more cooperative with the other member states at that time. Mexico was going along with OPEC in many cases (Toman 21).

  2. With regard to the Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC), what are the effects ...

    It is an innovative change in many ways, considering that the previous enlargements did not involve states as geographically, politically and economically diverse from the current members. Also each of the enlargements to date encompassed three or four countries at the most (Norway took part in the most recent enlargement,

  1. European colonialism in Southeast Asia.

    They were more likely to support the British colonial government in order to ensure the continuation of their social status. The British thus had a loyal support group from these Indians.3 The Permanent Settlement Act was not welcomed by all Indians and those who lost out in it tended to bear a grudge and rebel against the British.

  2. United Nations: "In Bed With The Devil".

    And we continue to see the UN's lack of enforcement of its mandates as it avoids holding Iraq accountable for its atrocities. It again took the leadership of the United States, and their president Mr. George Bush, to go to the UN and directly confront them about their shameful lack

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work