• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assignment Two: The Arab Israeli Conflict Question One:What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Palestinians and the Israelis?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assignment Two: The Arab Israeli Conflict Question One: What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Palestinians and the Israelis? (5 marks) The complexity of the problem that exists between the Palestinians and Israelis is far greater than the simple fact that one group is Muslim, the other Jewish. Claims to the holy land date back thousands of years on both parts and each opposing group has strong religious, historical and cultural links to the area. Palestine was the Jewish homeland from as early as 1500 years before the birth of Christ. In the tenth century BC, the Jewish people reached the height of their power under the rule of the proud kings David and Solomon, however, once the reign of their kings ended, they became divided and as other more powerful forces moved into Palestine, the Jews became under the control of their Roman conquerors. In the 193 years of Roman reign in Palestine, the Jewish people were exiled to Europe as the two rebellions carried out in protest against Roman rule were suffocated. It has been said that the Jews maintained the belief that Palestine was their home despite this and centuries later, it was to become the obvious location for Theodor Herzl's Zionist dream of "a people without land with a land without people". ...read more.

Middle

Muslims believe that the rock in the domes centre is where Muhammad ascended through the heavens to God; where he spoke with and was consulted by Moses and where the obligatory prayers were prescribed. For this reason it is a very holy and special site to the Muslim people. Jews believe the same rock to be where Abraham almost sacrificed his son Isaac and where the inner most chamber of the Jewish Temple was situated. For these reasons, Jerusalem is very important to both the Jews and the Muslims. Under the UN partition plan, the city of Jerusalem was to be an international zone. Today, though it is not internationally recognized as such, Jerusalem is the Israeli capital. In order for Palestine to become the Jewish homeland, the problem of the 1.5 million Arab's that presently lived in Palestine had to be addressed. In 1967 Israeli General Dayan expressed how the Jewish people viewed the situation of the Palestinian refugees "We want to have a Jewish state. We can absorb the Arabs, but then it won't be the same country." Whilst promoting the ideal of a Jewish haven, a land of peace, prosperity and contentment, the Israeli government had been executing laws bordering on neo-fascism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Rabin was assassinated by an Israeli extremist who disagreed with any agreement that involved losing part of Israel. Whilst hundreds of Israeli's and Palestinians celebrated this opportunity for peace, it is quite clear that others saw it as a betrayal of the Zionist Israel that was promised to them. There are also differences within the Palestinian people. Whilst some groups refuse to recognise Israel's right to exist and call incessantly for its destruction, others realise that Israel and the Jewish people have become part of Palestine whether they like it or not and if peace is to ensue, compromises must be made. An example of this is the PLO, who under Arafat became known as an anti-terrorist group that wanted to work with Israel to achieve peace. Hamas on the other hand, an extremist group who have carried out over fifty attacks on the Israeli nation in the last five years see Fatah or the PLO as traitors of the Palestinian cause. The problem is indeed far more complicated than one group being Muslim the other Jewish. The differences between the Palestinians and the Israelis are complicated and deeply rooted. If peace is to achieved, both sides must come to a compromise and understand that they're not so different from each other. Question 2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Beliefs - "One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter."

    They need to realise that what they are doing might change the lives of some, but will bring dreadful effects on the lives of others. Furthermore permanent changes need to be made, it is very well helping people, but it needs to be effective in the long run.

  2. What are the main differences between the beliefs of Palestinian Arabs and Israeli Jews?The ...

    The Six Day War started on the 5th of June 1967 and as the name suggests, went on for six days. The Egyptian leader, Nasser had been threatening war for some time, saying he would exterminate all Jews, thinking Israelis wouldn't respond.

  1. History Coursework: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    There was no result." What the Palestinians do now has been forced upon them as a last resort. This source is also probably reliable as it has come from a history book and it also agrees with my understanding of the general Palestinian citizen's opinion.

  2. "What are the main differences between the beliefs and attitudes of the Jews/Israelis and ...

    the middle of the 13th century, as a punishment from God for harbouring them. In Strasbourg for example, 2000 people were burnt on a massive scaffold erected in a Jewish cemetery in 1349. Many countries started to evict the Jews from Europe as they were seen as "evil and rash men, enemies of God and Christianity".

  1. To what extent is the city of Jerusalem vital to the followers of three ...

    Passover service with the wistful statement 'Next year in Jerusalem,' and recall the city in the blessing at the end of meals."12 Until present time, there is no solid proof, of Jewish ruins in Israel, apart from Jewish belief, although all Jews strongly assert that the 'Western wall' or the

  2. How far is religion the main cause of the conflict in the Middle East ...

    Britain needed the help of both the Arabs living in the Middle East and Jews living in the USA, it was for this reason that Britain made its "double dealings". When the First World War ended both the Arabs and the Jews were disappointed, as independence was not granted to either side.

  1. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    The PLO Deceleration of Independence attracted immediate worldwide attention. Within three days at least twenty-seven nations, mostly Arab ad Muslim, extended recognition to the government in exile. On 18th November, the Soviet Union recognised the proclamation of the Palestinian state, and on 21 November so did Egypt.

  2. Arab and Israeli conflict - source related study.

    I can tell this because it comments "Arafat and most of the leaders of the PLO wanted to limit raids and bombings to Israeli's territory because their military aim was strictly war on Israeli". This shows that although the leaders wanted to do maximum raids and bombings to the Israel the real purpose was to have a war with Israel.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work