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Austria - An economic and political overview.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION.............................................................................. Page 2 1.1 Austria................................................................................. Page 2 1.2 Austria and WW2................................................................... Page 2 1.3 Economical situation................................................................ Page 3 1.4 Political situation..................................................................... Page 4 1.4.1 The Social Democratic Party of Austria-SPO....................... Page 4 1.4.2 The Austrian People's Party-OVP..................................... Page 4 1.4.3 The Freedom Party of Austria.......................................... Page 4 1.5 Haider................................................................................... Page 7 1.5.1 Who is Haider?............................................................ Page 7 1.6 Austria and the European Union................................................. Page 7 1.7 Minorities in Austria................................................................ Page 8 2 POLITICS........................................................................................ Page 10 2.1 Reactions.............................................................................. Page 11 2.2 Sanctions.............................................................................. Page 11 2.3 Analysis................................................................................ Page 12 2.5 Influence on other countries...................................................... Page 14 2.5.1 Germany................................................................... Page 14 2.5.2 France...................................................................... Page 14 2.5.3 Switzerland................................................................ Page 2.5.4 Italy......................................................................... Page 2.6 Conclusion........................................................................... Page 3 ECONOMY...................................................................................... Page 3.1 Global economy overview.......................................................... Page 3.1.1 Agricultural sector........................................ ............... Page 3.1.2 Industrial sector........................................................... Page 3.1.3 Industrial sector........................................................... Page 3.1.4 Foreign trade.............................................................. Page 3.2 Economical features.................................................................. Page 3.3 Impact on Austria's Economy...................................................... Page 3.4 General behavior of Austria's economy.......................................... Page 3.5 Austria's export in danger?......................................................... Page 3.6 Investments in Austria.............................................................. Page 3.7 Business in not politics............................................................. Page 4 APPENDIX....................................................................................... Page 5 BIBLIOGRAPHY................................................................................ Page INTRODUCTION Austria Austria is a federal republic situated in the centre of Europe. It is made out of nine independent 'Bundesl�nder' with Vienna as the political and economic capital. Given it's location, it has since time been a cross-roads of travel routes between the major European economical and cultural regions. Austria has a population of 8,131,111, people, with German as the national language. Ethnic groups living in Austria are mainly from Eastern-European origin. This can be contributed to the fact that after the war, Austria became a destination for ethnic Germans, who fled from or were driven out of their homes in Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia. With regard to social structure it can be said that the country is conservative. Even today it is still important what family and social class you are born into and in which part of the country. ...read more.

Middle

Everytime Haider apologizes for an earlier controversial remark, he follows it up with something equally controversial, which ensures him of about three more international headlines. In 1995, when the Austrian government compensated victims of Nazi rule in the WWII, Haider famously wanted compensation for victims of Allied occupation to be included. This was, of course, not included in the bill, but Haider (again famously) voted for the bill anyway - saying "Even though you will not join us in widening the scope of the fund we will not vote against the bill."1 This is Haider's weapon everytime - attack and retreat. And its hard to dispute its effectiveness. This is not to say that people should not be extremely wary of Haider; actually his opportunism combined with his sometimes ingenious rhetoric is reason to be very afraid. What happens when Austria experiences a huge recession and the public, wanting serious change, chooses an extremist to implement that change? This is, as history has shown, a threat for every country, but with Austria we're fairly sure of who that extremist would be in such a situation. Influence on Other Countries Many European Union countries fear that the success of Austria's Freedom party will act as a boost for other right parties in EU member states. The following is a table of far right parties in different member states. Germany France Far-right parties are present but small. Succes of FPO did lead to a small, but temporary, increase in support. In a poll 75% of Germans declared that Jorg Haider would be usefull for their one country. Extremist party, Front Nacional (founded by Jean-Marie Le Pen), hoped to benefit from FPO succes but the French public did not repley in favor. Switzerland Italy Far-right SVP experiences similar support as FPO and draws on the same points: limit immigration and supressing European Union. Had to distance themselves, because they feared a similar political discussion. ...read more.

Conclusion

Founded by Anton Reinthaller, who had served in the Seyss-Inquart national socialist government formed in collaboration with Hitler after the Anschluss in 1938. Philosophy that Austrians should think of themselves as belonging to a greater German cultural community. Characteristics Anticlerical pro-German , free enterprise and individual initiative opposed a larger role for the state in the ownership of enterprises against the socialist idea of striving for greater equality between socioeconomic groups. Voters: German-nationalist former Nazis whitecollar professions. Haider Personel Data Educational Career Name: Haider, J�rg Matura (At. Higher education): 1968 Date of Birth: 26.01.1950 University of Vienna: 1969 - 1973 Place of Birth: Bad Goisen, Austria studied law and political science Status: Married, two children Political Career Other offices 1973 ~ 1976 Scientific-assistant at the Univ. of Vienn 1971 Became a member of the FP� 1976 ~ 1983 Statesecretary of the FP� in Carinthia 1979 ~1983 Member of the FP� 1983 ~ 1998 FP� Staterepresentative for Carinthia Executive Commity 1986 ~ 2000 Nationwide FP� Chairperson 1986 ~1989 Member of the National council 1999 ~ today Chairperson of Carinthia Who is Haider? J�rg Haider comes from the nationalist wing of the party and since he took control of the party in 1986 the party has achieved dramatic gains. It can be said that since Haider appeared at the top of the political scene, Austrian politics has taken a turn to the right. Haiders personel desire is to cut down the number of foreigners living in the country, because he argues that immigration is excessive and is causing serious problems for Austrians in areas of employment and housing. Critics accuse him of having neo-Nazi tendencies, what Haider himself confirmed many times with giving remarks and statements about the positive sides of the Third Reich and the Austrians proper place in the German cultural community. Haider is famous for his rhetoric of right wing-populism and his nattiness (what does this mean) of escaping difficult political situations. 1 www.adl.org/backgrounders/joerg_haider.html International Austria European Business Environment Business School 1 1 6 November 2000 Page Hitch-H ...read more.

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