• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Checks and Balances in the US system

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Government Test Essay #19: Replacement for #26 Among the one of the most prominent of the seven governing principles incorporated into the Constitution, the system of checks and balances that exists across the three branches of government (the executive, legislative, and judicial) were created ensure that no one branch becomes too powerful or corrupt. Since each branch can check the other two with powers delegated to it by the Constitution and balance the spread of power, it is theoretically intended to maintain an effective government, however this system also allows for heavy policy gridlock in the modern day with each branch of government "fighting" against the others using, even abusing, the checks and balances system. Often considered the most crucial and democratic branch of government, the bicameral legislative branch consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate are given the duties of making federal law and, thus, hold several checks and balances upon the executive and judicial branches. Upon the executive branch, Congress is delegated the powers to impeach the president, override a presidential veto with a two-thirds majority, approve all cabinet members as well as all treaties and ambassadors. ...read more.

Middle

nation from overbearing or corrupt laws passed by a simple majority of Congress and forces the legislature to reconsider the implications of the bill. Along with the veto power, the executive branch is also able to limit congressional reach since the president is given the title of Commander-and-chief of the military and the Vice President presides as President of the Senate. These appointed titles keep the legislature from fully controlling military activity and gives the executive branch the deciding vote in case of an evenly split Senate vote. According the Constitution, the executive branch is essentially the creator, yet a separate power from, of the judicial branch since executive checks over the judicial branch include the ability to appoint federal judges according to the president's criteria for such judges. This crucial power over the judicial branch ensures that the courts will not intentionally become unjust with its powers. Hence, executive checks are arguably provide most of the President's and cabinets duties in the modern day as it continually oversees congressional policy and federal judges. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example, the journey for a bill to become a law must pass through numerous checks of all three branches in order to be implemented as policy and at any turn, a branch may express its disapproval, including presidential veto, interpreted as unconstitutional, or voted down by the other house of Congress, and possibly compromise its success. Very rarely is policy passed quickly through the governmental system unless one faction holds a majority over the three branches. Comparable to insurance for a just government as set up by the Constitution, the system of checks and balances comes at the cost of diminishing the efficiency of government while gaining worth in protecting the nation against a tyrannical ruling power. Altogether, the system of checks and balances holds a dual duty in protecting a branch's powers from impedance by the other two and monitoring the others use of their powers correctly and efficiently. Despite its righteous intentions, this safety measure also allows for policy gridlock in the modern age and often slows the government to a minimal pace during an era of divided government. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The US system of checks and balances is ineffective, discuss.

    3 star(s)

    they can balance the Supreme Court to be more or less Socialist or Conservative to suit their requirements however these actions can be countered by the Legislature in that if they disagree with the decision and can get a 2/3rds majority, then that appointment will not be allowed.

  2. How effective are the checks and balances of the Constitution today?

    The executive also carry out checks and balances on themselves, members of the cabinet and the Vice President have the power to dismiss the President if they feel that the President is not fit to discharge his duties. The President appoints federal judges to the Supreme Court, and has the

  1. Federalism essay

    In Europe, especially in Germany there is a sense of importance over the co-operation between the levels of government. The federation links the people of the different regional states together. In Europe there is a conscious effort to make the decisions at the lowest level possible, allowing the central government to offer a presiding leadership overall.

  2. How well does the US Constitution Work

    In a broader sense, Democrats believe that it is better to stimulate the economy from the bottom-up (worker) rather than, the top-down (corporation). Democrats believe it is the government's responsibility to provide Americans with a basic level of healthcare, unemployment insurance (welfare), and retirement income (social security).

  1. Examine the effectiveness of the checks and balances system of the American Government. and ...

    The President also has the power to pardon - President Ford pardoned his predecessor President Nixon. The Legislature has the power to change the size of the Federal Court system and the number of justices within the court. Congress has the power to propose constitutional amendments and can reject Supreme Court nominees; they can also impeach and remove federal judges.

  2. US politics.The constitutional system of checks and balances does not work in practice. Discuss.

    Bush in his state of Union Address in January 2002 where he tried to get congress to focus on the so-called war of terrorism and his budget priorities. However, the legislature also have the power to amend, block or reject items of legislation recommended by the president, as was in

  1. Assess the view that the US Constitution often ensures limited government

    The investigation may lead to impeachment, whereby the person being investigated is accused of unlawful activity. A majority of members of the House of Representatives are needed to impeach a member of the executive or judiciary. The senate then run the trial.

  2. '9 politicians sitting on a bench.' Critically evaluate this description of the US Supreme ...

    Judges who exercise a judicially activist philosophy act more like politicians than those who operate under a judicially restrained policy. For example, the Warren Court which operated from 1953-69 under Earl Warren, decided cases which created huge social change. For example, in the case of Brown v Board of Education

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work