• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Geography - Miss Chant Cheryl Samuels 13F Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is designed to deliver economic viability, environmental improvement and rural development. The proposal set the framework for creating a competitive, sustainable EU agriculture industry. The EU had to find a fair, practical and acceptable way forward, capable of delivering real benefits to EU farmers and to society as a whole. * Increase agricultural productivity thus to ensure a fair standard of living for agricultural producers; * Stabilise food prices and food supplies; * Assure availability of supplies to consumers; * Ensure reasonable prices to consumers. After World War 2 agriculture was badly disrupted and rationing highlighted the importance of countries being self sufficient in food supplies. ...read more.

Middle

The CAP aims to aid farming by: * Preventing the prices farmers get for their products from falling below a certain level. To prevent the price falling too par, a price level is set by the EU called the Intervention Price. This prices ensures the farmer's income and the price don't fall further. * Controlling imports of cheap food from countries outside the EU, which could undercut EU farmers. Cheap imports into EU countries would undermine the EU's attempts to maintain farmers' income because the price of EU produce would have to fall in order to compete. To control this a levy (tax) is imposed on all imports to raise their price. ...read more.

Conclusion

Storing in intervention warehouses was very expensive, subsidising exports into countries outside the EU (known as dumping) undermines prices being received by that countries farmers and is therefore unpopular. So it is either, given away as foreign aid, fed to livestock or destroyed. * Farmers get unequal benefits depending on the size of their farm. * There is opposition from other countries such as USA and eastern European countries because traffic barriers make it hard to sell their produce in the EU while subsidised EU produce is dumped in their countries undercutting their farmers. * Before the euro, exchange rates resulted in price variation and it was easy to get cheap imports within countries in the EU. * Conservationists are against the CAP because of environmental threats such as new roads being placed etc. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. A clear explanation of key underpinning economic theories relevant to the EU.

    by firms *Following notifications of state aid planned by a member state The competition policy allows the Commission to carry out inspections on businesses and premises without giving prior notice and can demand to see the necessary documents. If firms are to found to be exploiting the consumers the Commission

  2. Common Agricultural Policy.

    Underpinning these objectives were three basic principles: the unity of the market (a single agricultural market within which products move freely); Community preference (preference shown to agricultural products grown within the EC); and financial solidarity (in the sense that all member states must share in the costs arising from the CAP).

  1. Why has the Common Agricultural Policy proved so controversial?

    Also, if global prices are lower than EU prices, then farmers will go ahead with exporting their produce as they receive a refund from the EU which "bridges the gap between Union prices and world prices" (Jones, 2001, pg215). So, what has proved so controversial about these provisions?

  2. EU actorness in relation to Environment policy and Development policy: An evaluation.

    to make available personnel to partake in external diplomatic representation, visits and negotiations such as the availability of policing (like that in Bosnia) and representatives for judicial missions to advise (as in Georgia.) It also relates to economic instruments for example the granting and/or withholding its economic presence such as market access, aid and imposing sanctions.

  1. Common Agricultural Policy

    This applies to some countries which had a traditional trade link with a member country. An obstacle to Community trade is the diversity of national laws regarding production or trade. Examples are the use of preservatives, coloring agents, hormones and disease control (e.g.during the foot and mouth disease outbreak in the United Kingdom, Ireland and the Netherlands).

  2. In 1957 the Common

    industry the prices never dropped too low and this was a source of controversy. It was a major issue of Debate for Britain in their decision to join the E.U. "for many British consumers it was impossible to understand why the original six community members ever set up such a system of farm support" (Molle Willem T.

  1. Sustainable development or fish eat fish world? 'EU external trade policy'.

    The strong internal focus within the EC institutions caused a lack of attention to the external dimension of Community activities during the 80's. The concentration on internal matters has been explained as a general under-estimation of the role of EC external relations in the completion of the internal market.

  2. The Common Agricultural Policy.

    In fact, in many cases, supply has continued to exceed demand at the intervention prices, which has given rise to the so-called 'food mountains'. A threshold price is also set. This applies to imports of food entering the EU and ensures that the price of imports is equal to or greater than the target price.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work