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Communism VS Democracy

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Introduction

Communism VS Democracy Communism and Democracy Communism, a concept or system of society in which the major resources and means of production are owned by the community rather than by individuals. In theory, such societies provide for equal sharing of all work, according to ability, and all benefits, according to need. Some conceptions of communist societies assume that, ultimately, coercive government would be unnecessary and therefore that such a society would be without rulers. Until the ultimate stages are reached, however, communism involves the abolition of private property by a revolutionary movement; responsibility for meeting public needs is then vested in the state (Daniels 177). As a concept of an ideal society, communism is derived from ancient sources, including Plato's Republic and the earliest Christian communes. In the early 19th century, the idea of a communist society was a response of the poor and the dislocated to the beginnings of modern capitalism. At that time communism was the basis for a number of utopian settlements; most communistic experiments, however, eventually failed. Most of these small-scale private experiments involved voluntary cooperation, with everyone participating in the governing process (Daniels). Later the term communism was reserved for the philosophy advanced by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in their Communist Manifesto and the movement they helped create in Central Europe. Since 1917 the term has denoted those who regard the Russian Revolution as a model that all Marxists should follow. Beginning with the Russian Revolution, moreover, the center of gravity of global communism has shifted away from Central and Western Europe; from the late 1940s through the 1980s, communist movements were often linked with Third World strivings for national independence and social change(Pious 24). In their writings, Marx and Engels tried to analyze contemporary society, which they described as capitalistic. They pointed out the discrepancies between ideals and reality in modern society: Rights granted to all had not done away with injustices; constitutional self-government had not abolished mismanagement and corruption; science had provided mastery over nature ...read more.

Middle

joined the Party in order to be eligible for Lenin's rubles, Ho Chi-min joined the Party to feed and equip his anti-French troops. Both Mao and Ho hated Stalin's haughty at titude toward the 'fraternal Communist Parties', and both men had approached Uncle Sam for money and weapons, only to be rebuffed by the 'anti-Red' State Dept (Daniels 101). North Korea's Kim Il Sung joined the Communist Party in his teens and worshipped Stalin. The South Korean troops which occupied Pyongyang in 1950 found Kim's office adorned with numerous portraits and statues of Stalin. But Stalin's lukewarm support for his war efforts and even less support from Stalin's heirs put dampers on Kim's love for the Soviets. Kim realized that the Soviets were just another breed of imperialists looking for suckers (Daniels 107). After the Korean War, Kim became more nationalistic and less Communistic. He purged pro-Soviet Koreans and the old-guard Communists from S Korea and devised his own political ideology - juche. This earned him much scorn and derision from the 'authentic' Communists who broke ties with N Korea. For example, the Japanese Communist Party opposes N Korea, and the former Soviet Communist Party shunned Kim Il Sung (Daniels 108). While Communism was used by various nationalists and dictators, the 'anti-Communists' used it to their advantage. Communism has never been the monolithic evil Empire out to enslave every one. Domino theories and 'evil empires' existed only in the minds o f politicians who were more interested in protecting their dung hills than facing the truth (Daniels 109). From the very dawn of intelligent human interaction to the present day, the concept of capitalism has dominated the way we trade goods and Acquire wealth. Except for the necessity of a simple communist society in Pre-modern times, or the noble humanistic notion of a socialist society, The free market has always been the most efficient way to run the economy once the most basic needs of life have been satisfied. ...read more.

Conclusion

The capitalist economy also serves the interest of human rights by protecting the individual&rsquos interests. The buyer is protected from the seller, in that he or she has the choice to go to other sellers, and the same protection is offered to the seller because he or she can go to other buyers. The same type of protection works for all economic relationships, such as employee to employer, because of all the other employers for whom the employee can work (ceteris paribus). The market does this task impersonally without the need for an all powerful state17. The market also reduces the number of issues upon which the government must decide, therefore freeing up energy to pursue human rights, and not spend too much time and money trying to control the economy(Pious) The argument thus far has given a fair treatment of the arguments both for and against the decoupling of capitalism from democracy, as well as explored the true nature of the relationship between the two concepts. Primarily the fact that capitalism facilitates the control of the democratic process, and that in the end, capitalism will lead to a more liberal form of democracy. This argument has had to evaluate evidence from both sides, as well as attempt to build a common frame of reference in which the two concepts could be evaluated, while minimizing the risk that any authors argument would be taken out of context. After all is said and done, what really matters is that these two concepts have dominated the realm of political thought for hundreds of years, and when understood in terms of each other, have served to guide the actions of the most powerful and influencing nation-states the world has ever seen. Perhaps the best way to end this brief treatment of capitalism and democracy is to cite Friedman&rsquos axiom which reads; "economic freedom is an indispensable means toward political freedom, and economic freedom is in itself a component of freedom broadly understood, so it is an end in itself"(Pious 301). ...read more.

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