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Compare and contrast the extent to which the Cabinet has an important part to play in the respective Executives of the UK and USA.

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Introduction

2002 C) Compare and contrast the extent to which the Cabinet has an important part to play in the respective Executives of the UK and USA. The extent to which the Cabinet has an important part to play in the executives of the UK and USA can be assessed by looking at what is suppose to be the case in theory of the role of the Cabinet's within the Executives and what they actually are in practices. In the UK the entire Cabinet is collectively suppose to make decisions and decide on policy. The Prime Minister originally was the Chair of Cabinet meetings, and 'Primus Inter Pares', meaning first among equals. Many will argue however that this is not the case in practice as the PM in recent decades has developed a 'Presidential style' of governing, and a singular executive, similar to that of the President of the United States. The President of the U.S. has 'ministers' to advise him, in other words a Cabinet, however he is suppose to over see everything and make decisions, and policy by himself/herself. ...read more.

Middle

The President is suppose to have his legislative proposals given priority by the House Rules Committee who decides the agenda of legislation to be passed through Congress. In some instances we have also seen the Cabinet members having a role in legislation making of the Executive showing the importance of the Cabinet. This was the case for the Civil Rights Bill in the early 1960's, in which Bobby Kennedy as Attorney General played a major role in drafting the legislation passed under Johnson in 1964. Many would also argue that the executive is too much for one person to control and therefore it could not be the case that the President does infact carry out every function of the Executive, rather he heavily relies on research and ideas of his Cabinet. This could be seen to be the case in Reagan's time when it was found that the USA had sold weapons to Iran, Reagan said he didn't know about it, and the blame was shifted to others. ...read more.

Conclusion

The founding Fathers of the U.S. didn't think the President and therefore his Cabinet would have a role to play in Foreign affairs however over time and today especially it has become the most important office in the World that concerns every nation in the World, something that happens in the UK to the Middle East to North Korea all effect the U.S. We have seen the role of the Cabinet member for foreign affairs being undermined, when Powell had no input in the decision to invade Iraq, Bush did his own thing, re-asserting the judicial decision of 1936 'United States vs Curtiss-Wright Co-Operation' which declared that the "President alone has power to speak/listen as a representative of nation." The importance of the Cabinet in foreign policy in the UK has also been undermined under Blair, seen when the policy to join the U.S. led coalition and invade Iraq was decided upon by the PM despite the annoyance to the person appointed to the Foreign Ministry post who was suppose to develop expertise for making decisions in that area, Robin Cook, who resigned due to the PM's taking control of Foreign policy and making policy on his own. ...read more.

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