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Constitutional Comparison

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It also helps citizens to be aware of their rights and freedoms, and many Americans can quote the constitution as a defence of their liberties, something which British citizens are much less aware of which can lead to the government taking advantage. Furthermore, a codified constitution acts as a check on the institutions of the government, decisions are likely to made with the view in mind to remain constitutional to avoid public reaction. Another interesting advantage of a codified constitution is that it has a strongly positive educational role - Americans are taught to treat it with a sense of reverence and respect, and it helps to create a shared values and culture for all citizens. With restrictions on the President being a prevalent issue in America, a further benefit of their codified constitution is that it is very hard to amend, so the President cannot bend it to his will whenever he wishes, whereas in the UK a simple majority vote in Parliament can enable the Prime Minister to pass legislation effecting constitutional change. The main disadvantages of the codified constitution mainly focus on the issue of amendment; the written constitution of the US can be too inflexible to adapt to the requirements of the time. A strong argument proving its downfall is the controversial gun laws stated in the Bill of Rights - many Presidents have tried to eliminate the Right to Bear Arms amendment but because of its rigidity are unable to. ...read more.


However, this term is misleading as the powers are not necessarily separated, but divided and shared. The idea of separation of personnel is far more accurate when describing the three branches division; no person can work in any more than one branch of government at a time; President Elect Barack Obama had to sacrifice his job as Senator in order to be able to accept his impending Presidency. Richard Neustadt summaries this idea well: The constitutional convention of 1787 is said to have created a government of separated powers& rather it set up a government of separated institutions sharing powers . The UK however has a Fusion of powers whereby all of the government departments work together to create legislation and discuss issues, a parliamentary government that is characterised by the executive that runs in and through the legislature . Overall, when comparing the US and UK constitutions the differences that run through them general are direct opposites, codified and uncodified, rigid and flexible, separated and fused. Despite this, both have proved very effective so far in history and have survived to be the oldest written and non written constitutions in the world. an anything else. This is evident when Prohibition |~�"-" - �"~!�!(r)&�&<1>18-8ZA\ALL�V�V�Y'Y"Y-Y�Y�Y�������������������������1/4"1/4"(2�"'(� %<( KxP ,12�"'(� �) @�S 1 1 ~�"�Y�Y'Y"Y-Y�Y�Y��j�PL,L,L "$� 08$� 082 "�$�$ 08�0 "�$�$ 08�4 "�-$�$ 08� �(TSH����B�(TSH:. "�" $����� "tt�YZ�Y\>�(ONT,Times New RomanTahoma��+ " " "F�� �"�"�Ä" 'S "wy"�` "�`""A."@���"�"�" 'S "wy"�` "�`"."-"Ks"�#�"gi"gi llows t�� �����Z� ��� �O�2�Quill96 Story Group Class�����9�q ...read more.

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