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Corruption is the grease that lubricates the squeaky gate

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Introduction

'Corruption is the grease that lubricates the squeaky gate'. Discuss the extent to which corruption hinders or promotes development. Corruption is said to be one of the 'oldest part-time professions' in our history. There are many advantages to allowing corruption to take place in the Least Developed Countries (LDC's) as the shortage of public services means that it is, in some places, the only way to secure basic amenities. However, the idea that corruption is a good and moral thing to allow to happen can't be tolerated in a western developed society, and cases which arise are met with fierce resistance, because it is seen to lead to waste & inefficiency, external industrial stimulation and focus on large projects which do not benefit the community as a whole and do not promote development. The first reason that corruption is seen to promote development is that in the 50 LDC countries it allows the people within those countries to gain access to basic healthcare, policing and education which people take for granted in western societies. For example in Kenya, there is an 86.1% chance of having to bribe the judiciary to hear your case sympathetically and an 85.5% chance you will have to bribe the police to take action.1 This continues in the education (52.9%) ...read more.

Middle

The first of these are the economic waste that they create. When money is given by international organisations to LDC's they do not believe that all of it will reach the intended destination, and almost allocate a percentage which they expect to lose. A good example of this, although they did not expect to lose any money, was the band Aid concert in the 1980's. They raised 40 million pounds, along with 23 million from other charities to give to help the hungry in Africa. However, recently the true extent to which the money reached the frontline has been seen. Only 5% of the money which they raised, 3.15 million managed to hit the areas in which it was needed. This meant that 59.85 million was lost to inefficiency, bribes and theft. An example of where it had been corruptly taken was to buy Ethiopian warlord's guns to fuel their horrific war against their own people. This not only shows how 95% of aid does not reach its intended target, but countered the reason it was sent there in the first place. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows the damage which was done by the bribery, as without it the LDC's are becoming more financially and politically stable and are developing. Botswana(1994) and Cape Verde(2007) have been upgraded out of the LDC's list thanks in part to the SAP's which it was given from the international banks, showing the potential for growth without corruption. In conclusion, whilst in the short term and small scale, corruption does seem to benefit the individuals involved, but only the individuals. The development of industry and infrastructure are neglected and the general standard of living is lucky to remain stable if not decrease dramatically. The greed from the international co-operations only cemented the position of the LDC's and elevated the western countries. The extent of development in countries with SAP's only adds fuel to the fire, and confirms that corruption does not help development but only hinders it in the long term. 1 Transparency International, The east African bribery index, Kenya, page 20. 2 Ibid ?? ?? ?? ?? 'Corruption is the grease that lubricates the squeaky gate'. Discuss the extent to which corruption hinders or promotes development. Thomas Crocker -Pleasant Title: 'Corruption is the grease that lubricates the squeaky gate'. Discuss the extent to which corruption hinders or promotes development. 1 ...read more.

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