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Darwin's Theory of Evolution.

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Introduction

Darwin's Theory of Evolution "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life," usually shortened to "the Origin of Species," is the full title of Charles Darwin's book, first published in 1859, in which Darwin formalized what we know today as the Theory of Evolution. Although Darwin is the most famous exponent of this theory, he was by no means the first person to suspect the workings of evolution. In fact, Charles owed a considerable debt to his grandfather Erasmus, a leading scientist and intellectual, who published a paper in 1794, called Zoonomia, or, The Laws of Organic Life. This set down many of the ideas that his grandson elaborated on 70 years later. ...read more.

Middle

Using the evidence he found during his tour of South America to back up the basic theories set down by his predecessors, and making his own adjustments and discoveries. Finally, the Beagle arrived home on October the 2nd, 1836. During his travels, Darwin kept five note-books, marked A to E, in which he recorded what he found, made sketches and wrote about his observations and theories. These later became the basis of his book, though in a "condensed and corrected" version, to "render the volume more fitted for popular reading," as Charles stated in the preface to "The Voyage of the Beagle." Whilst in the Galapagos, Darwin noticed that there were fourteen different types of finch, living on just a few small islands. ...read more.

Conclusion

Darwin new that the fossil record didn't support his theory, but felt sure that more research would prove him right. Unfortunately, further discoveries have done nothing but undermine the theory. This week link in the theoretical chain has been referred to as "the trade secret of palaeontology" by Stephen Jay Gould, a leading spokesman for the evolutionary theory. Ultimately, Darwin's theories are very convincing, but as yet un-proved. His impact on modern biology is undeniable, but it would be unscientific to take his theories as fact, when they are just that - theories. Further research is necessary to be able to decide whether or not Darwin was in fact correct, but at present there are no other plausible alternatives to Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. ...read more.

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