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Define a pressure group and how they can be classified.

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Introduction

Define a pressure group? (5) A pressure group is an organisation which seeks to influence policy on a single issue or a range of issues. They do not usually seek political power, they use their resources to try to achieve a set of classified objectives. They aim to influence media and public opinion to change attitudes. In which ways can pressure groups be classified? (15) A pressure group can be classified in ten ways. The first is sectional or non promotional which represents a section or organisation in society that is a group defending their own economic interest. ...read more.

Middle

(Such as amnesty international and friends of the earth) The other classifications of pressure groups are insider and outsider. Insider groups often have close links with government and are allocated times to be listened to and considered, they are seen as representative and are often called upon to back the government. Outsider groups on the other hand often receive no attention from the government and have no links with them, although often receiving negative media coverage. Their methods of achieving attention are often militant. Alongside these are other ways of determining pressure groups such as Local groups which may establish itself for a singular issue such as building a new road or school. ...read more.

Conclusion

Similar ways to determine the time a group is around for is temporary or permanent groups, although self explanatory temporary groups may open to support a temporary issue such as the objection to building new offices on a park etc, and permanent groups stay open until a wider issue is completely sorted (which it very rarely is) for example fundraisers for a new hospital may decide to stay on to support the hospital or keep the good services up, or a group may emerge to solve a permanent problem i.e. Oxfam for poverty. Lastly groups can be called peak or umbrella groups which are groups which speak for a variety of groups, such as C.B.I for trade etc. ...read more.

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