• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Define Titoism

Extracts from this document...


DEFINE TITOISM "Now I had to take a new name. I adopted first the name of Rudi, but another comrade had the same name and so I was obliged to change it, adopting the name Tito. ...Why did I take this name 'Tito' and has it special significance? I took it as any other because it occurred to me at the moment."1 In 1948, the leaders of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia clashed over ideological and political issues. This conflict brought about the creation of a new Yugoslav doctrine that became the basis for Yugoslavia's domestic policies from the early 1950s and on. This new ideology became known as "Titoism," because it had been crafted by the great Yugoslav statesman, and it combined many ideologies that he had been exposed to during his younger years, such as Austro-Marxism, for example. However, the most important innovation was Tito's implementation of the core tenets of Marxism in a way that he considered pure and un-corrupted in comparison to the way the Soviet Union was putting it to practice. How Tito managed to get to this point of defiance of Moscow's authority is an interesting story in and of itself, for only some years prior to that no one could have envisioned that the leader of a smaller state would stand so boldly to defend his country's rights in the face of a much bigger power. ...read more.


Several major changes also took place in the economy. The central planning system was revised and workers were given the right to manage their own factories: This decentralisation of the economy lifted the stifling control from above and provided incentives for worker's initiative. This was a very important innovation. According to Marx, Tito argued, the surplus value that workers created should go to workers. Under capitalism, owners of the means of production appropriated this surplus value. Under Stalinism, it was appropriated by the bureaucracy. Tito made sure that in Yugoslavia the workers receive fair share for their work, since they would actually own the means of production. This "socialised property" was to be controlled by the organs of self-management. While Yugoslavia still had a planned economy, it was not a centrally planned economy. The planners of the Yugoslav economy, unlike planners in the USSR, did not enforce production quotas, prices, and quality, and were to make these decisions according to the law of supply and demand; competition among enterprises was allowed. All efforts to-collectivise agriculture were halted. The Yugoslav approach was to permit some private ownership of land. This particularly concerned the land in hard-to-reach places which made consolidation of land plots very difficult. In other places, however, collective ownership was preserved. Finally, important reforms were carried out with regard to the party structure. ...read more.


Also, the decentralisation already achieved in government functions and devolution of authority was another factor why Tito was hesitant to re-obtain absolute centralist power. It would have been hard for the party to take control of so many economic and social management bodies. Many non-communists participated in these self-managing bodies because they could act free of influence of the party. To put party members back in their former positions of influence would have cost the state the support of many non-communist citizens. Last but not least, there was a problem concerning the participation of young people in politics and local decision-making. They were opposed to rigid conformity even if the political environment they grew up in had already been decentralised to a considerable extent, for they did not know that. "For young people, the situation would never be liberal and democratic enough. Especially if some of them had had the chance to travel abroad and saw how much freer the political environment was elsewhere."17 Tito needed the support of the youth of Yugoslavia, because this was the segment of society that was destined to continue the long hard work he had gained. Unfortunately, Tito could not come to terms with the fact that despite his own ideological changes, the newer generations changed at a faster pace, demanding more control over the affairs of their country. After everything Tito had gone through to establish his own utopia of a socialist Yugoslavia, he was not going to let any liberal-minded personality take the dream away from him. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Assess critically Marx's distinction between ideology and science

    can be no justice except that which serves the interests of the rulers. Accordingly, only with the withering away of the State, as predicted by Marx, justice would triumph while the legal system as an ideology would also wither away.

  2. How and why does Locke explain the creation, value and protection of property?

    Locke believed that humans are naturally good and peaceful because they were given a God given duty to improve the earth and themselves. This part of Locke's thought puts holes in his own "spoilage proviso". Locke permits the privatization of bits of the world so long as there is enough left for others and nothing is spoiled.

  1. The development of fascist doctrine.

    In his essay on Nietzsche he was prepared to grant that for Nietzsche the state was a system of "organized oppression at the cost of the individual". But he went on to indicate that Nietzsche's conception of man as a beast of prey necessarily involved a conviction that man as a predatory beast was a denizen of an organized community.

  2. Iran Country Study

    the Supreme Court, dozens of Revolutionary Courts, Public Courts, and Courts of Peace. The head of the judiciary is appointed by the supreme leader for a period of five years. * The Majlis - since 1979 instills the principle of universal suffrage.

  1. Socialist uses of workers' inquiry

    This has important consequences for the political aims of inquiry and I would say that it is the main aim of inquiry in itself. It is now time to face two further questions. In our selection of contemporary sociological tools, we need to effectively critique certain research practices, especially those of micro sociology.

  2. Russia's Political Party System as an Obstacle to Democratization

    by Rybkin-which were intended to represent the pro-Yeltsin forces and the loyal opposition respectively. The expectation was that the more moderate parties from both directions would gravitate toward these two blocs, strengthening the political center and weakening the extremist parties, such as the LDPR, that had done very well in 1993 (gaining the second most number of seats).

  1. How did Lenin add to Marxism up to 1905, and with what consequences?

    The factory groups or committee ...... must consist of a very small number of revolutionaries, receiving direct from the committee, orders and powers to conduct the whole social democratic party work in the factory." This statement showed that Lenin wanted to create a dictatorial party that was to take orders from the top and no one else.

  2. What is politics & why is power difficult to define

    so their borders don't conflict, that would solve the problem, but what about the gap that is now left, this involves moral values, because what happens if people lived there, they now aren't under the guidance of the state, they become refugees, this conflicts with the two nations values, and moral beliefs, who should now take in the refugees?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work