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Democracy in Uk

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Assignment one: 1.What is an electoral mandate? An electoral mandate is a candidate for an elective public political office who offers himself or herself under the nomination of a political party or as an independent. The candidate offers grounds on account of which he or she and not some other competing candidates, should receive the mandate. 2. In what ways do elections differ from referendums? There are many different ways in which elections differ from referendums. Referendums and elections are different in the way which Referendums is a question asked from the government to the public requiring a yes or no answer. The vote may be binding or consultative. On the other hand, an election is a public vote held to elect an individual or a poltical party. Elections are the modern democracy in which it fills offices in the local government, legislature, regional and sometimes in the executive or the judiciary. Elections are instruments of representative democracy; the people only decide. By contrast, Referendums and similar devices such as the initiative is a devise of a direct democracy, which enables voters to decide issues themselves. A referendum involves a reference forwarded by another body such as the government or the legislature. ...read more.


-In some occasions when the government and in general the parties; are likely to effectively fait to resolve an issue. In 1975, the labour government and the conservative oppositions came face to face whether Britain should remain in the European Community. In this issue 'yes' was the decisive vote. It may well occur that another similar situation such as in 1975 might occur again, regarding whether Britain should adopt the European currency (euros). This problem would be solved with an referendum with in the country. -People may be more likely to respect and conform to decisions they have made themselves. This was especially important in Northern Ireland, where the Good Friday agreement of 1998 could only have a chance of success. If it received widespread and clear support from most of the community. The yes vote over 70 percent was therefore crucial. Later on, this agreement cam to difficulties, but the peace did last even if the political settlement faltered. -They entrench constitutional change. It protects them from getting attacked by the future governments whose policies may be only short term. In order to reverse a referendum decision, it is accepted by the majority that a fresh referendum would have to be held. ...read more.


There is also a consequence that people will use referendums as an opportunity to express their dissatisfaction with the government of the present and ignore the issue in question. The decisive no vote to devolution for the North-east of England in 2004 may well have been the result of such an affect, especially as the minister who was promoting such devolution (John Prescott) was personally unpopular. It would be irrational if Britain adopted the euro or rejected it simply on the basis of whether the government of the present was popular or unpopular. In parts of Europe where referendums are used more often than in the UK there is evidence that this is a common occurrence. -Wealthy groups or tabloid press may influence the result unjustifiably. When you have a referendum campaign it is very expensive and quiet rightly so that one side will prevail because it has more resources. Although on theory there are limitations on campaign expenditure, money always seems to have the decisive roll. During 1975, European community referendum vastly spent more money than the opposition side. This resulted in most businesses favour of membership and they clearly used their wealth in good affect. Furthermore, if the government supports one side of the argument it will be a distinct advantage to that side. ?? ?? ?? ?? Met� Serdar C�ban Government & politics ...read more.

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