• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Democracy in Uk

Extracts from this document...


Assignment one: 1.What is an electoral mandate? An electoral mandate is a candidate for an elective public political office who offers himself or herself under the nomination of a political party or as an independent. The candidate offers grounds on account of which he or she and not some other competing candidates, should receive the mandate. 2. In what ways do elections differ from referendums? There are many different ways in which elections differ from referendums. Referendums and elections are different in the way which Referendums is a question asked from the government to the public requiring a yes or no answer. The vote may be binding or consultative. On the other hand, an election is a public vote held to elect an individual or a poltical party. Elections are the modern democracy in which it fills offices in the local government, legislature, regional and sometimes in the executive or the judiciary. Elections are instruments of representative democracy; the people only decide. By contrast, Referendums and similar devices such as the initiative is a devise of a direct democracy, which enables voters to decide issues themselves. A referendum involves a reference forwarded by another body such as the government or the legislature. ...read more.


-In some occasions when the government and in general the parties; are likely to effectively fait to resolve an issue. In 1975, the labour government and the conservative oppositions came face to face whether Britain should remain in the European Community. In this issue 'yes' was the decisive vote. It may well occur that another similar situation such as in 1975 might occur again, regarding whether Britain should adopt the European currency (euros). This problem would be solved with an referendum with in the country. -People may be more likely to respect and conform to decisions they have made themselves. This was especially important in Northern Ireland, where the Good Friday agreement of 1998 could only have a chance of success. If it received widespread and clear support from most of the community. The yes vote over 70 percent was therefore crucial. Later on, this agreement cam to difficulties, but the peace did last even if the political settlement faltered. -They entrench constitutional change. It protects them from getting attacked by the future governments whose policies may be only short term. In order to reverse a referendum decision, it is accepted by the majority that a fresh referendum would have to be held. ...read more.


There is also a consequence that people will use referendums as an opportunity to express their dissatisfaction with the government of the present and ignore the issue in question. The decisive no vote to devolution for the North-east of England in 2004 may well have been the result of such an affect, especially as the minister who was promoting such devolution (John Prescott) was personally unpopular. It would be irrational if Britain adopted the euro or rejected it simply on the basis of whether the government of the present was popular or unpopular. In parts of Europe where referendums are used more often than in the UK there is evidence that this is a common occurrence. -Wealthy groups or tabloid press may influence the result unjustifiably. When you have a referendum campaign it is very expensive and quiet rightly so that one side will prevail because it has more resources. Although on theory there are limitations on campaign expenditure, money always seems to have the decisive roll. During 1975, European community referendum vastly spent more money than the opposition side. This resulted in most businesses favour of membership and they clearly used their wealth in good affect. Furthermore, if the government supports one side of the argument it will be a distinct advantage to that side. ?? ?? ?? ?? Met� Serdar C�ban Government & politics ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Discuss the indepedence of the UK Judiciary

    revulsion at the British soldiers in Iraq being trialled for committing war crimes. European influences also enhance judicial independence. This happens when an appeal is made to the European Court of Human Rights, which meets outside of Britain, this immediately establishes an independent court of appeal on matters of rights,

  2. How, and with what success, have governments attempted to improve the provision of health ...

    so that all new treatments that are clinically effective are made available so that more improvement can be made to aim to deliver to the expectations of patients. The Darzi Review also proposes a NHS Constitution. This should set out commitments to patients, public and staff in the form of

  1. rights and their limitations

    that of domestic terrorism and thereby giving more powers to the law enforcement agencies. The passing of the Patriot Act has brought about widespread criticism. It can be clearly seen that the civil rights of millions of innocent Americans have been limited as a result of the Act.

  2. Politics task

    Some of the arguments in favour of referendums are they are a very real form of direct democracy, they increase political participation, voting does not take place just every five years, referenda can be a check on "elective dictatorships" during a government's 5 years span and referenda provide a clear answer to a question the government might be 'asking'.

  1. What is the main reason for the loss of faith and interest in our ...

    World War II, the lead of the winning political party, and also the distance between the parties (Budge, 2007). The issue about the World War is a very relevant theory as the younger people that have superseded the older generations, especially those who had to fight for our right to

  2. Define Direct Democracy. What are the advantages and disadvantages of referendums?

    This is most prominently due to the fact that people's views on the question are clearly indicated. This factors in with another important point. Due to the fact that the electorate made the decision themselves, government can claim to have consent and an indisputable mandate.

  1. Apart from referendums, explain three ways in which democracy in the UK could be ...

    Promotional pressure groups are not self-interested in that the achievement of their objectives is not necessarily of direct professional or economic benefit to the members of the group. Examples of promotional/cause pressure groups are Shelter, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND)

  2. Evaluate the effectiveness of the various ways in which participation and democracy could be ...

    Firstly, there is also a reliance on the postal service to make sure the votes do not get lost; if they were to be misplaced before they could be counted it could have a significant effect on the outcome of the election and render the process ineffective in the eyes of the public.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work