• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the formal process of statute creation and the role of the House of Commons, House of Lords and the Crown in this process.

Extracts from this document...


Module 1: Law making Describe the formal process of statute creation and the role of the House of Commons, House of Lords and the Crown in this process. (A) The formal process of the creation of law starts as early as the bill. There are two different types of bills firstly; something will trigger a bill to be printed, i.e. media, pressure groups, parliament ballot and more. There are "private members bill" and "Government bill" a private members bill means that it is promoted by an individual rather than a particular party member. A government bill is sponsored by a minister. Once the Bill has been presented drafting is the next step, 26 parliamentary draftsmen, these are made up of civil servants and Lawyers, will draft up all of the terms of the bill, making sure that the bill is exact and has no loopholes (this draft must be clear, and set out simply so that it can be read by the Lay man can understand it). The process of the bill its self can be issued on two different colour paper; green and white. ...read more.


If the bill is finally accepted it then moves in to the House of Lords the house has the power to reject the bill for 12 months (Parliament Act 1947), however this could mean that it may become a law 12 months later automatically. The 1911 Parliament Act allowed them to reject for two years, obviously there powers are now less great, since 1947. In the House of Lords, the bill is scrutinised, in minute detail it is checked entirely, revise legislation and make important debates. Within the House of Lords they carry out their own; first reading, second reading, committee stage, report stage and third reading. Finally when passed by the House of Lords the bill is at its final destination, The Monarch it is then the Queens duty to sign the bill, all bills require the royal asset to become law, however the monarch also has other roles with in the legislative process. This includes the opening and the closing of parliament, and the appointment of the peers to the House of Lords. ...read more.


This is a restriction by a year since the Parliament Act of 1911 allowed them to delay Law for 2 years. Also the number of MPs whom are selected from the ballot box, of 'Back Benchers' are only selected in small number this means that only a few recommendation from 'back benchers' are heard, also the success rate is somewhat not very high. Also there is a time limit on legislation processes, and if there was an emergency legislation, known as 'panic legislation' this creates law uncompleted laws, and may contain loopholes, fro example Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, this law was rushed within the drafting of it. Also such time limit can also leave unfinished laws, as parliament closes for campaigning around election time etc...Panic legislation can be caused by pressure on the Government by the lobbying etc, which causes bills to be poorly drafted. Another disadvantage is that parliamentary elections only take place once every 5 years, this may have lead to deterioration with in the party, and another party could not step in with being elected. Also some MPs usually vote on party lines rather than how their constituents wish. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Electing MPs to the House of Commons.

    * Voters are represented unequally. In 2005, the average number of votes per MP elected was: 26,906 for Labour, 44,373 for Conservative and 96,539 for Liberal Democrats * Concentrated support for a party produces results. In 2005, Conservative support was spread thinly over most of Scotland.

  2. Draft a memorandum to the government evaluating the merits and demerits of differing reform ...

    From this perspective directly elected second chamber 'could be the missing piece of the constitutional jigsaw, serving as a pinnacle of the structure and a focus of unity' as Sir Ivor Richard and Damien Welfare see this option. However, fundamental problems arise with this system of reform.

  1. House Of Lords Reform - What did the 1999 act reforming the lords ...

    This also means that if they were professionals, they would not be politicians, which might get rid of the idea of political biased. In the Lords, the low attendance meant that the conservatives didn't actually have a majority in the lords of the regular attendees.

  2. Outline the main ways the House of Commons and the House of Lords differ

    One feature of the British political system which reinforces a two - party system is its electoral system. First Past The Post (FPTP) makes it much more likely for there to be a single party majority, and the areas of the constituencies make it unfairly biased towards the Conservatives and Labour.

  1. Unit 1 - Example of Evaluations

    just to those people who are interested in music or are interested in signing for the record label. I would also have produced a better and more detailed plan which would have aided me more throughout the creation of the website.

  2. Discuss the contention that the House of Lords is irrelevant.

    their rapid nationalisation program and stop them from achieving their party goals before the next general election. The new proposals meant the House of Lords could only hold up new bills for up to a year. It was argued that the time the House of Lords had become irrelevant for

  1. Critically evaluate the laws and conventions that regulate and control the relationship between the ...

    They owe no allegiance to any political party, presence is based on the traditionally close links between the Church of England and the state but they do make a significant contribution to debate on many, often sensitive, moral and social issues such as housing, divorce, abortion.

  2. Analyse the main distinctions between the role and importance of the House of Commons ...

    The House of Lords on the other hand, can be said to be living in the shadow of the House of Commons, however in recent years they have become more active and effective, this is due to the fact that many experts and interested parties make up the amending legislative committees of the Lords.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work