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Different cultures have different truths/A truth is that which can be accepted universally - what are the implications for knowledge of agreeing with these statements?

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Essay on Prescribed Title Theory of Knowledge DIFFERENT CULTURES HAVE DIFFERENT TRUTHS/A TRUTH IS THAT WHICH CAN BE ACCEPTED UNIVERSALLY - WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR KNOWLEDGE OF AGREEING WITH THESE STATEMENTS? Truth is not found, nor does it exist on some ephemeral territory outside of our worldly reality. In fact, we do not yet know where the drive for truth comes from, or what truth is? The principal conflict lies in the definition of truth, and the implications of that definition for the different areas of knowledge. It seems that the contention that favors the universality of truth is less likely today than the Foucauldian condemnation of universal truths, however his, is not without detractors. Foucault said that "Each society has its regime of truth, its general politics of truth: that is, the types of discourse which it accepts and makes function as true", whether we accept that truth resides in all-embracing and universal systems, or that the regime of truth lies with its purveyor, both schools of thought have their merits. While the nature of truth is downright deceptive, Foucault made the argument that they are produced not induced by authority figures, and that as such, the regime of truth depends upon deceit for its power. ...read more.


Even a spiritual interpretation of this statement would be different from religion to religion. Finding universal ground for all religious would be completely impossible, since they each push their own agenda and regard their particular brand of dogma as the real truth. To assume that the different religions of the world would ever agree on an universal truth is completely futile, and undermines the concept of organized religion, which dictates that truth must always be a commmunal activity, and implies that the community is responsible for distinguishing betweem true and false statements and determining who is charged with saying what counts as true. Only when we compare our own outlook to those of others, do we then realize what is universal and invariant, and what is distinctive and variable. Therefore, the arguments for the possibility of an universal truth are weak, since the role of the individual, more often than not, is to express the stifled truth of his own community, therein establishing the truth for his own culture. However, we see that in science and mathematics, universal truths are abundant, and necessary in order to satisfy all our demands of scientific theories. ...read more.


The Pragmatic theory on the other hand requires the human element, and emphasizes that only when something is acted upon does it become true. It holds that in order for something to be true, it must be useful to someone, however it may be useful for someone to believe a proposition but also useful for someone else to disbelieve it. For example, Freud said that many people, in order to avoid despair, need to believe there is a god who keeps a watchful eye on everyone. According to one version of the Pragmatic Theory, that proposition is true. However, it may not be useful for other persons to believe that same proposition. Since this theory suggests that truth is what an ideally rational inquirer would in the long run come to believe, it also espouses the idea that different cultures have different truths, not that a truth can be universally accepted. Truth is the ideal outcome of rational inquiry. Yet, as a theory of truth, the Pragamtic theory does not reveal what truth is, and neither does any other modern definition. Pilates' original cosmic question remains to be answered, and yet, it seems more reasonable to assume that each culture prepares its own version of the truth, rather than admit the possibility of an universal truth. ...read more.

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