• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Different cultures have different truths/A truth is that which can be accepted universally - what are the implications for knowledge of agreeing with these statements?

Extracts from this document...


Essay on Prescribed Title Theory of Knowledge DIFFERENT CULTURES HAVE DIFFERENT TRUTHS/A TRUTH IS THAT WHICH CAN BE ACCEPTED UNIVERSALLY - WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR KNOWLEDGE OF AGREEING WITH THESE STATEMENTS? Truth is not found, nor does it exist on some ephemeral territory outside of our worldly reality. In fact, we do not yet know where the drive for truth comes from, or what truth is? The principal conflict lies in the definition of truth, and the implications of that definition for the different areas of knowledge. It seems that the contention that favors the universality of truth is less likely today than the Foucauldian condemnation of universal truths, however his, is not without detractors. Foucault said that "Each society has its regime of truth, its general politics of truth: that is, the types of discourse which it accepts and makes function as true", whether we accept that truth resides in all-embracing and universal systems, or that the regime of truth lies with its purveyor, both schools of thought have their merits. While the nature of truth is downright deceptive, Foucault made the argument that they are produced not induced by authority figures, and that as such, the regime of truth depends upon deceit for its power. ...read more.


Even a spiritual interpretation of this statement would be different from religion to religion. Finding universal ground for all religious would be completely impossible, since they each push their own agenda and regard their particular brand of dogma as the real truth. To assume that the different religions of the world would ever agree on an universal truth is completely futile, and undermines the concept of organized religion, which dictates that truth must always be a commmunal activity, and implies that the community is responsible for distinguishing betweem true and false statements and determining who is charged with saying what counts as true. Only when we compare our own outlook to those of others, do we then realize what is universal and invariant, and what is distinctive and variable. Therefore, the arguments for the possibility of an universal truth are weak, since the role of the individual, more often than not, is to express the stifled truth of his own community, therein establishing the truth for his own culture. However, we see that in science and mathematics, universal truths are abundant, and necessary in order to satisfy all our demands of scientific theories. ...read more.


The Pragmatic theory on the other hand requires the human element, and emphasizes that only when something is acted upon does it become true. It holds that in order for something to be true, it must be useful to someone, however it may be useful for someone to believe a proposition but also useful for someone else to disbelieve it. For example, Freud said that many people, in order to avoid despair, need to believe there is a god who keeps a watchful eye on everyone. According to one version of the Pragmatic Theory, that proposition is true. However, it may not be useful for other persons to believe that same proposition. Since this theory suggests that truth is what an ideally rational inquirer would in the long run come to believe, it also espouses the idea that different cultures have different truths, not that a truth can be universally accepted. Truth is the ideal outcome of rational inquiry. Yet, as a theory of truth, the Pragamtic theory does not reveal what truth is, and neither does any other modern definition. Pilates' original cosmic question remains to be answered, and yet, it seems more reasonable to assume that each culture prepares its own version of the truth, rather than admit the possibility of an universal truth. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Assess critically Marx's distinction between ideology and science

    to be abandoned if thought were to become truly scientific.[35] But certainly Marx never abandoned ethical concerns and Lenin remained first and foremost a politician. Even the neo-Marxists of the 1950s and the 1960s, who developed allegedly scientific theories of autonomous economic development of the former colonies did not in

  2. Natural Science

    information that do not seem to fit into pattern, bits of data that are not very useful, because we cannot incorporate them into explanation that we already understand. Referring to Ptolemaic example, during the 16th century, astronomers failed to fit new findings into the Ptolemaic model. 5. Scientific revolution 6.

  1. Socialist uses of workers' inquiry

    class with the movement of capital and claims that it is impossible to automatically trace a study of the working class back to the movement of capital. The working class requires a completely independent scientific treatment because it operates as a conflictual - hence capitalist - as well as an antagonistic - hence anti-capitalist - factor.

  2. Breaking down the Walls: A Discourse of Ideology and "Otherness"

    I fully believe that the ideology of America, sustained by large institutions, creates a non-inherent belief that people of differing skin colors are also biologically different. Richard Wright does not open Black Boy with any kind of declaration against American ideology.

  1. Implanted Truths

    Like Richard Wright, I fully agree and declare that the ideas that are attached to all races are mere ideological constructions. I fully believe that the ideology of America, pushed by large institutions, creates a non-inherent belief that people of differing skin colors are also inwardly different.

  2. Marxism Can Only Be Appreciated Retrospectively

    Whereby the capitalists are helped by the control of the state, their own wealth and their domination over institutions such as schools and churches, which can help to distort people's thinking. However, the workers are in the majority and they are able to co-operate and this is why Marx believed

  1. What exactly is religion?

    creature, the feeling of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless circumstances. It is the opium of the people..." This sounds rather complicated and opaque but basically what he means is that the conditions of this world creates and sustains the beliefs that the religious hold with regard to the next world.

  2. Examine the history of and different types of Anarchism

    Collectivist anarchists endorse co-operative societies and individualist anarchists endorse the free market. Anti-clericalism Anarchists are as strongly opposed to the church as they are to the state. It is no coincidence that anarchism has flourished in countries where the church has been powerful, such as Spain, France, Italy and the countries of Latin America.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work