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Discuss how and why the New Right Conservative ideologies developed in the period from late 1970s through to the 1990s

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A2 Governemnt and Politics Assignment No.2 Imran Miah 22/11/04 Discuss how and why the New Right Conservative ideologies developed in the period from late 1970s through to the 1990s The Conservatives have often been described as a part without ideology and their "lack of baggage" has ensured they kept up with the electorate throughout the 19th and 20th century. In early post 1945 period pragmatic and paternalistic ideas dominated conservatism throughout much of the western world. The remains of authoritarian conservatism collapsed with the overthrowing of the Portuguese and Spanish dictatorships in the 1970s.Just as conservatives had come to accept political democracy during the 19th century, after 1945 they came to embrace a Keynesian and welfarist form of social democracy. This tendency was confirmed by the rapid and sustained economic growth of the post war years, the" long boom" which appeared to bear out the success of "managed capitalism". During the 1970s however a set of radical ideas developed within conservatism directly challenging the Keynesian and welfarist orthodoxy. ...read more.


They also believe that individuals should be encouraged to be self reliant and to make rational choices in their own interests. The New Right was dominated by free market. They have also resurrected the classical economics of smith and Ricardo and presented it in the work of modern economists such as Fredrick Hayek. The reason that this may have been adopted was because between the 70s and onwards inflation was high. This was said to be because of the Keynesian economics that was pursued and had unknowingly fuelled inflation and generated stagflation of the 70s. Under Thatcher in the UK the levels of direct taxation was progressively near US levels, the highest rate of year's tax being reduced from 83p in the pound to 40p in the pound by 1988.New Right was also critical of the mixed economy that consisted of mixed state owned public sector and individual owned private sector, the New Right wished to reverse this trend. ...read more.


In conclusion the new right ideologies developed because of the so called permissive society which lacked ethical norms. It was seen as a 'pathless desert' that provides neither guidance nor support for individuals and their families. If individuals merely did as they pleased, civilised standards of behaviour will be impossible to maintain. For instance the trade union activity was regarded as dangerous because it could have led to unjustified acts. The New Right argues that there has been evident high delinquency and crime since 1960s and a decline in authority. So New Right stands for restoration of authority and a way of strengthening family values. The family however is understood strictly in traditional terms. They say that it is naturally hierarchal that kids listen to obey their parents that they say was in decline at this time. Furthermore New Right ideology was a reaction to the economic position of the country at the time and the only way to keep financial stability was through privatisation and through other economic tools such as supply side economics. (Research from: Andrew Heywood Political -Ideologies) ...read more.

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