• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the advantages of Communism over other political theories like Capitalism.

Extracts from this document...


Communism In this essay I am going to argue the case for communism as a way to govern a country. I am going to discuss the advantages of Communism over other political theories like Capitalism. Communism is a concept or system of society in which the community owns the major resources and means of production rather than individuals. This means that everything should be shared between the people. That also suggests that society would not need a government because this society would be without rulers. However, communism also involves the abolition of private property by a revolutionary movement. Since the Russian Revolution in1917, the centre of global communism has moved away from Western Europe, where it started, towards China and some Third World movements where they have been striving for national independence and social change. In the early 19th century the idea of a communist society was a response of the poor and dislocated to the beginning of modern capitalism. At that time, communism was the basis for a number of Utopian settlements, most experiments, however, failed eventually. These small private experiments involved voluntary cooperation, with everyone participating in the governing process. Later the term communism was reserved for the philosophy advanced by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in the Communist Manifesto and the movement they helped create in Central Europe. ...read more.


Capitalism in short would eventually choke on its own wealth. The collapse of the capitalist economy, it was thought, would turn in a political revolution in which the masses of the poor would rebel against their leaders. The proletarian revolution would do away with private ownership of the means of production. But after a brief period of proletarian dictatorship the economy would produce not what was profitable but what the people needed. Abundance would reign and inequalities and coercive government would disappear. Marx and Engels expected that this would happen in most highly industrialized nations of Western Europe, the only part of the world where conditions were ripe for these developments. The basic fallacy of Marxist economics is that it invariably stresses need or demand and depresses output productivity and supply. From its beginning, Communist rule in the Soviet Union faced a variety of problems. In the early years the government's very existence was challenged repeatedly by its enemies within the country. When the Communist party emerged victorious it was faced with the need to rebuild the nation's ruined economy and to train the Russian people for life in the 20th century. Later, all efforts were concentrated on the task of transforming a backward country into a leading industrial nation and a first rate military power. ...read more.


This four to one ration of college educated voters versus non-college educated voters shows a clear inequality and bias in the American voting system. As you can see countries that call themselves a "democracy" are often pseudo-democracies as there is an overall lack of equality. There is only one true way to rule a nation and that is Communism! This way of ruling a country is the only one where the population is truly free, where the working man earns as much as the boss. Communism has failed in the past, but only because of one man choosing the path of dictatorship. Without this hindrance, Communism should be able to work successfully, as long as the people involved truly believe this is the correct society for them and are willing to work at it. In a so called "democracy" it is said that the leader is chosen from a selection of candidates by the people but, who chooses these candidates? And what makes them suitable to govern the country? Just because they have perhaps studied politics in collage does not mean they have the quality's to lead a nation. This is why in communism the leader is not so much a leader per say but more of an "administrator" Gareth Hopkins 11 M2 Page 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. What are the main advantages and limitations of the trait and type approaches to ...

    All these dimensions have desirable and undesirable traits. This theory is often used for cultures and it is modern, literate and industrialised. Also, it is used in business for researching. In addition, according to Hampson is that it can assimilate other structures, it has also been shown to be a good predictor of behaviour in the workplace.

  2. 'Socialists have disagreed on both the means and ends of socialism' - Discuss

    entirely different type of socialism altogether would be achieved through parliamentary means. The less radical form of socialism achieved through democratic means is known as social democracy. Social democracy revises and dilutes many socialist principles, such as its opposition to capitalism - one of the main features of social democracy

  1. Power and Politics in Organizations: Public and Private Sector Comparisons

    Multinational corporations that operate abroad, where public policies represent new risks for the firm as well as new opportunities as well, have often moved in exactly this networking direction. One indicator of this change is the proliferation not just of equity joint ventures (as opposed to the once-dominant fetish of the wholly owned subsidiary)

  2. Communism VS Democracy

    It relies on the government to perform these administrative functions as illustrated above, but not to involve itself any further. The reason being that if the market is not allowed to run free, then by definition it is not operating efficiently, and therefore not providing maximum wealth to the majority

  1. Nigeria Country Study

    The move is condemned abroad but proves popular in Nigeria. * 2000 - Adoption of Islamic, or Sharia, law by several northern states in the face of opposition from Christians. Tension over the issue results in hundreds of deaths in clashes between Christians and Muslims.

  2. How have political sociologist understood globalization? Globalization is perhaps the central concept of ...

    Robertson, Globalization, 1992: 8). He argues that in thought and action, the world is a single place. This single place forces people to ask themselves what it means to live in this place and how we should structure it. The questions projected receive different answers from individuals and societies that

  1. "...the gulf between how one should live and how one does live is so ...

    (Machiavelli, 2001, p432). The concept of fortuna is Machiavelli's representation of what he saw as the wheel of fortune, from the beginning, a state of nature or civil war, through the growth of a state to it's success, and then the onset of 'selfishness' and the decline back to civil war.

  2. Extent of key political ideas in directly influencing change and development .

    Certainly, the role of Mussolini himself should not be underestimated. He was an excellent orator and journalist, able to use violence with extreme caution, whilst at the same time insisting that he alone could impose law and order. His "doctrine" of Fascism was also remarkably skilful in that it was

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work