• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss why and how an understanding of motivation, communication and leadership styles theory can help organisations improve their productivity?

Extracts from this document...


Discuss why and how an understanding of motivation, communication and leadership styles theory can help organisations improve their productivity? In this essay I will discuss the various different theories on motivation such as scientific management e.g. Taylor as well the humans relation approach such as Maslow and Herzberg and how they relate to organisations improving their overall effiencentcy. Another aspect that I will discuss in the following essay will also be how communication can affect the productivity of a company, I will also relate this to motivational theory. The final aspect of my essay that I will include is discussing how different leadership styles can affect the overall productivity of a given company. One motivation theory that some companies used to use was the scientific approach, this was put forward by Taylor. It was mainly used in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Taylor developed his theory while he was working his way up from labourer to works manager in an US steel mill. His theory states that man is a rational economic animal concerned with maximising his economic gain. He also stated that people respond as individuals not groups and he believed people could be treated in a standardised fashion like machines. The basic principle that is underlying this approach is if you study what happens when you the change different variables in a situation, this will tell you how best to organise the work force. ...read more.


This level is satisfied by feeling that you belong at a company and have friends there. The person will then move to esteem needs level and this is satisfied by being given praise that you are doing your job well a promotion would as satisfy this level. Once all these levels are completed it is only then that a person can become self-actualised which means they are satisfied in how they view themselves. This theory will work well in the workplace in my opinion. This is because it addresses a lot of factors that affect productivity of employees, because even if an employee feels they are getting paid enough they may feel they are not valued enough and this may lead to them become demotivated. It puts the emphasis on other needs rather than the desire to have a really high paying job which is a not a realistic concept for most employees. If this theory was applied by a company I think they would see some increase in productivity but not as full as possible because otherwise they would need to know the exact needs of every member of staff in their company and that is not a realistic concept in large corporate companies. This is not to say it is ineffective. There are some weak points to Maslows theory one is the fact that individual behaviour seems to respond to many different levels at one time not each on its own. ...read more.


This fact alone will motivate the person to work harder and more efficiently because they feel they are actually making some progress. This effect is independent from what the person thinks they have learned. Some people would say that it doesn't matter what you teach the person the same outcome will be the positive one you want. I think that if this theory was used in conjunction with the previous to theories it could benefit some companies very well if they applied if correctly. It would lead to an increase in productivity even though this may only be in the short term, but with regular training courses and interactions with the people at the top of the company this increased level of productivity could be kept at the increased level with benefit to employer and employee. There are three main types of leadership one is an autocratic leader. This type of leader will take important decisions without consulting colleague's who are lower down the hierarchy. This may in general decrease the productivity of employees lower than the leader and this in turn will lower the productivity on the company overall. The main reason for this is the fact that the employees lower down the hierarchy will not feel valued because there input is not required in decision making even though they will undoubtedly have valid points to put forward. This will lead to decreased productivity because they feel less valued because they are not at the level in the hierarchy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. The Productivity of Colonial Power

    of American and Africa as half-naked, vulnerable women; ripe for plunder and exploitation. Yet the binary was also based on interpenetration. Foucault once analysed Enlightenment justice as a normalising force: whilst superficially excluding and erasing the mad, criminal and corrupt, these very classifications helped to define exactly what the dominant ideology's qualities were supposed to be.

  2. Discuss the conflicts between Employee and Employer by Marxist

    (Marx, 1958: 441, cited by Hyman, 1975: 33) So, As Trotsky said in his paper- 'In the struggle for partial and transitional demands, the workers now more than ever before need mass organizations, principally trade unions.' (Trotsky, 1938) The role of Marxists in the union is advanced a programme representing historic interesting of working class'.

  1. A Study of Carl Rogers' Theory of Personality

    While the idea of an actualizing tendency makes sense, Rogers never specifies what some of the inherent capacities that maintain and enhance life might be. Perhaps it is because doing so might violate Rogers' "intuitive sense of human freedom" (Maddi, 1996, p.104).

  2. "...the gulf between how one should live and how one does live is so ...

    Duke Valentino by the common people, acquired his state thanks to the good fortune of his father, and when that came to an end he lost it. This despite the fact he used every technique and did all the things a prudent and skillful [virtuoso] man ought to do..."

  1. Motivation in business.

    Chester knows that wages will always be an issue but he knows he cannot afford a pay rise. End of document. Signed by Mark Chester : .................. Produced for James Seaton by R.F.P Ltd. 2004 Document on Mr.Chester's new management idea Only recently has the owner begun using motivational techniques to try and counter-balance this problem.

  2. Theories of Motivation.

    Maf is another stable personality trait that Atkinson assumes characterizes most of us to varying degrees. This trait is essentially an indication of the anxiety you have when approaching a task at which you could fail. Individuals who are high in Maf tend to be nervous and generally 'high-strung'.

  1. Signal detection theory

    In the signal detection experiment, a signal is presented on some trials and no signal is presented on the other trials. Signal detection theory describes this procedure not in terms of presenting a signal or no signal but, in terms of presenting signal plus noise (S+N)

  2. The study of international or rather global politics, seeks to provide an account of ...

    Survival of the state is the purpose of foreign policy initiatives. (d) The survival of the state and the quest for power Realists claim that because of the anarchic nature of the world system, states are in constant competition and the only way to guarantee survival is through the accumulation of power (Baylis & Smith 2001:150).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work