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Discuss why and how an understanding of motivation, communication and leadership styles theory can help organisations improve their productivity?

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Introduction

Discuss why and how an understanding of motivation, communication and leadership styles theory can help organisations improve their productivity? In this essay I will discuss the various different theories on motivation such as scientific management e.g. Taylor as well the humans relation approach such as Maslow and Herzberg and how they relate to organisations improving their overall effiencentcy. Another aspect that I will discuss in the following essay will also be how communication can affect the productivity of a company, I will also relate this to motivational theory. The final aspect of my essay that I will include is discussing how different leadership styles can affect the overall productivity of a given company. One motivation theory that some companies used to use was the scientific approach, this was put forward by Taylor. It was mainly used in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Taylor developed his theory while he was working his way up from labourer to works manager in an US steel mill. His theory states that man is a rational economic animal concerned with maximising his economic gain. He also stated that people respond as individuals not groups and he believed people could be treated in a standardised fashion like machines. The basic principle that is underlying this approach is if you study what happens when you the change different variables in a situation, this will tell you how best to organise the work force. ...read more.

Middle

This level is satisfied by feeling that you belong at a company and have friends there. The person will then move to esteem needs level and this is satisfied by being given praise that you are doing your job well a promotion would as satisfy this level. Once all these levels are completed it is only then that a person can become self-actualised which means they are satisfied in how they view themselves. This theory will work well in the workplace in my opinion. This is because it addresses a lot of factors that affect productivity of employees, because even if an employee feels they are getting paid enough they may feel they are not valued enough and this may lead to them become demotivated. It puts the emphasis on other needs rather than the desire to have a really high paying job which is a not a realistic concept for most employees. If this theory was applied by a company I think they would see some increase in productivity but not as full as possible because otherwise they would need to know the exact needs of every member of staff in their company and that is not a realistic concept in large corporate companies. This is not to say it is ineffective. There are some weak points to Maslows theory one is the fact that individual behaviour seems to respond to many different levels at one time not each on its own. ...read more.

Conclusion

This fact alone will motivate the person to work harder and more efficiently because they feel they are actually making some progress. This effect is independent from what the person thinks they have learned. Some people would say that it doesn't matter what you teach the person the same outcome will be the positive one you want. I think that if this theory was used in conjunction with the previous to theories it could benefit some companies very well if they applied if correctly. It would lead to an increase in productivity even though this may only be in the short term, but with regular training courses and interactions with the people at the top of the company this increased level of productivity could be kept at the increased level with benefit to employer and employee. There are three main types of leadership one is an autocratic leader. This type of leader will take important decisions without consulting colleague's who are lower down the hierarchy. This may in general decrease the productivity of employees lower than the leader and this in turn will lower the productivity on the company overall. The main reason for this is the fact that the employees lower down the hierarchy will not feel valued because there input is not required in decision making even though they will undoubtedly have valid points to put forward. This will lead to decreased productivity because they feel less valued because they are not at the level in the hierarchy. ...read more.

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