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Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y(1906-1964)

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Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y (1906-1964) Biography of Douglas McGregor Douglas McGregor was born on 1906 in Detroit, America. In 1895, it was here that his grandfather, Thomas McGregor started his business and given its name as, McGregor Institute. The business provides assistance to Great Lakes sailors and other transient labour. The Institute provided shelter, warmth and food to approximately 100 men every year. When Thomas McGregor passed away, his son Murray McGregor (Douglas's father) continued to manage the business. During high school, Douglas McGregor worked as a night clerk and played the piano and organ at the chapel services. At work, he became familiar with the employees and their problems. In 1936, McGregor Institute came to an end and it was sold for $100,000 to the Goodwill Industries. After high school, McGregor went to Oberlin College and then attended to Wayne University, where he had graduated in 1932. While at college, he was married and left his college work for about five years to save enough money to start a family. ...read more.


The general manager of Dewey Almy Company stated that McGregor liked to explore and experiment in human relations with the company. The company offered McGregor a free-hand in determining its industrial relations policy because; many of his experiments became very successful. The business and the workmen have full confidence in him. For many years, McGregor worked as a consultant for several industries and labour undone in the East and Middle West. He has taken care of the wage and salary administration, contract negotiation, foreman training, grievance handling, executive development programs, union and management co-operation programs and problems of organisational structure and function. He has been a member of the panel of arbitration of the American Arbitration and tree labour disputes for various companies and union. McGregor has been a speaker for management and labour groups in United States and Canada. Also, he has been in charge of conferences on human relations for small group of best executives in most well-known companies. ...read more.


play or rest As a result, Theory Y employees are cable and willing to organise, control and direct themselves, and to accept authority and responsibility. However, Theory Y managers need to be more sensitive, they have to do the following:- * Take the time out to explain * Understand the needs of the individual * Engage in joint-problem solving and interpersonal exchange with each member of staff McGregor's work was slightly similar to Maslow's theory and Hertzberg's theory but, he looked at management styles as well as motivation. McGregor's analysis shows that employers (managers) should treat their employees as individuals. He believes that organisation will become more successful if managers subscribe to Theory Y than Theory X. McGregor suggested that Theory X workers can only become motivated if, they achieve their business' objectives. He suggested that managers should offer challenges such as complex tasks so; they can show and develop their creativity. He reckons that, employees will contribute more to the organisation if, managers use some of his theories. Theory of Motivation - 16 - ...read more.

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