• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

EU enlargement essay.

Extracts from this document...


EU enlargement essay If the EU enlarges it will definitely have a large impact on the UK. If new members join, the whole EU will need to be revaluated, the income and spending of the EU budget will change significantly as new POORER countries enter. As the poorer countries enter the EU, this will mean the UK will have to be re-valued in terms of EU spending and payment to and from the UK, the UK will most likely to receive less as poorer countries enter. The CAP will therefore need to be revaluated, the money will need to be evenly spread on all the countries, the poorer ones would most likely receive more as they are least developed. However, I think that this will be too costly for the EU to afford, and would be worse off if they gave all the money to the new countries, so they will probably give a smaller amount compared to the current members. But from the UK's point of view, if the CAP is re-valued the UK will be worse off, as it is a net-giver, which means it gives more to the EU than it receives - it will probably be given less by the EU budget. This would alter the UK policy; the UK as well as the EU would need to rearrange their spending patterns, which may result in a cut in spending - due to excess EU requirements for new members. ...read more.


Another bonus of the huge single free market is specialisation. Specialisation means that the more efficient countries or countries that are comparatively more efficient get to trade over the free trade area without any problems. From UK's point of view for all the new countries joining the EU, it will be a much larger market mainly with more people to trade with, which would be beneficial for the UK's economy. Every country needs to trade to survive, as most countries do not have every resource that they require on their land. There is also the option of cheaper labour, and more 'willing' workers - who will do the jobs that are not so appreciated by UK residents, for example road-cleaning. But the opposing option is that anyone could come into the country as there is free movement of labour (as in no-one can stop them moving) which could mean that they may swamp markets (this is going to be controlled by the EU). So overall, enlargement could be both beneficial and disadvantageous for the EU members, the effects of Poland joining the EU on the UK I think will be overall not that much more than if they hadn't joined. This is because the UK has a large enough market without them in and the UK will just end up losing out on more money. If all the 12 countries joined -that would be beneficial for the UK as it is a significant increase in trading partners and the UK can justify the loss with lots of members joining. ...read more.


The re-distribution ideals of the EU will be tested by such enormous strains on the sums available. Already, the Polish farmers have had to accept only 25% of the CAP payments made to their older member counterparts. Critics point to some countries and note the ancient forms of agriculture still used in these economies. Opponents are also concerned by the ability of the agencies charged with managing the economy of even more nations. What will be a realistic and appropriate short-term interest rate for such a diverse group of nations. Will the Euro be able to stand alone in the international currency markets if a 'run' against its value arises? Socially some fear an influx of economic migrants who will be attracted by better living standards within what is, in theory a free area of movement. What final worry amongst some is the attitude of citizens of the richer member states towards paying the taxes needed to bring the poorer members nearer to the mean living standards of the EU. The new members that are going to join will definitely boost the EU in world terms, getting over 500 million people making it 1 of the largest if not the largest market in the world with greatest economic significance. There are many factors that need to be overcome, economic, political, legal and social which need to be aligned with the EU ones and then integration can occur. The EU will benefit from more members joining and may also (in many years time) become the world's only market, where everyone is part of it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. A clear explanation of key underpinning economic theories relevant to the EU.

    The Germans have adopted the single currency and the country has the unmissable museums and art galleries. The majority of Germans class them selves of being Catholic, there are also other religions such as Islam and Judaism. German is considered to be the second most richest country in the world with one of the most effective education systems.

  2. On balance, is the EU's enlargement likely to have a positive or negative effecton ...

    Even if recent estimations place the total cost of compliance for the ten Central and Eastern European Countries lower than initially estimated - between 79 and 110 billion euros instead of 120 billion euros the need for investment planning remains crucial.

  1. The EU automotive industry currently faces a number of issues. It lags behind the ...

    It lags behind the US and Japan in terms of productivity; labour productivity is currently 25% less than US and 30% less than Japan. However, labour costs are comparable to the U.S. but around 10% more than Japan. China probably offers the greatest threat than other emerging economies.

  2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of EU enlargement?

    The European union will also now have a stronger role in world affairs, which is strengthened dramatically every time a new member joins. Such areas will include foreign policy, trade policy and in other parts of global governance. The economy of each country will be boosted and latest research shows

  1. Back ground information about the EU

    The latest treaties signed saw laws that favour businesses in the UK as new laws state that as long as a UK business is covered by British law it can trade in any nation in the EU, while as before all UK businesses had to adapt to all member state's laws which affected UK businesses greatly and was time consuming.

  2. Regulation 2560/2001 on cross-border payments in Europe.

    IMPLEMENTATION IN THE CONTEXT OF GENERAL EU GOVERNANCE As described above, the regulation on international payments in Euro was enacted after a long history of discussion and a thorough search for different ways to reach the goal of unhindered small-amount capital flows.

  1. Road freight transport - Paying its way?

    These are the roads and the organisation of the traffic (e.g. police), (Link & Maybach 1999). Therefore, road damaging caused by heavy vehicles on the road pavement increases with the vehicle weight and axle load. Most taxes are currently based on the vehicle proportional damaging power (europa.eu.int).

  2. Who benefits and who loses when a common market for labour is extended to ...

    Economic theory suggests the 'comparative advantage principle' which means that one region or country specialises in the production of a certain good or service and trades with other regions which are speciaising where they have an advantage. This only works however if, among other things, there is freedom of trade between the countries concerned.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work