• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

EU enlargement essay.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

EU enlargement essay If the EU enlarges it will definitely have a large impact on the UK. If new members join, the whole EU will need to be revaluated, the income and spending of the EU budget will change significantly as new POORER countries enter. As the poorer countries enter the EU, this will mean the UK will have to be re-valued in terms of EU spending and payment to and from the UK, the UK will most likely to receive less as poorer countries enter. The CAP will therefore need to be revaluated, the money will need to be evenly spread on all the countries, the poorer ones would most likely receive more as they are least developed. However, I think that this will be too costly for the EU to afford, and would be worse off if they gave all the money to the new countries, so they will probably give a smaller amount compared to the current members. But from the UK's point of view, if the CAP is re-valued the UK will be worse off, as it is a net-giver, which means it gives more to the EU than it receives - it will probably be given less by the EU budget. This would alter the UK policy; the UK as well as the EU would need to rearrange their spending patterns, which may result in a cut in spending - due to excess EU requirements for new members. ...read more.

Middle

Another bonus of the huge single free market is specialisation. Specialisation means that the more efficient countries or countries that are comparatively more efficient get to trade over the free trade area without any problems. From UK's point of view for all the new countries joining the EU, it will be a much larger market mainly with more people to trade with, which would be beneficial for the UK's economy. Every country needs to trade to survive, as most countries do not have every resource that they require on their land. There is also the option of cheaper labour, and more 'willing' workers - who will do the jobs that are not so appreciated by UK residents, for example road-cleaning. But the opposing option is that anyone could come into the country as there is free movement of labour (as in no-one can stop them moving) which could mean that they may swamp markets (this is going to be controlled by the EU). So overall, enlargement could be both beneficial and disadvantageous for the EU members, the effects of Poland joining the EU on the UK I think will be overall not that much more than if they hadn't joined. This is because the UK has a large enough market without them in and the UK will just end up losing out on more money. If all the 12 countries joined -that would be beneficial for the UK as it is a significant increase in trading partners and the UK can justify the loss with lots of members joining. ...read more.

Conclusion

The re-distribution ideals of the EU will be tested by such enormous strains on the sums available. Already, the Polish farmers have had to accept only 25% of the CAP payments made to their older member counterparts. Critics point to some countries and note the ancient forms of agriculture still used in these economies. Opponents are also concerned by the ability of the agencies charged with managing the economy of even more nations. What will be a realistic and appropriate short-term interest rate for such a diverse group of nations. Will the Euro be able to stand alone in the international currency markets if a 'run' against its value arises? Socially some fear an influx of economic migrants who will be attracted by better living standards within what is, in theory a free area of movement. What final worry amongst some is the attitude of citizens of the richer member states towards paying the taxes needed to bring the poorer members nearer to the mean living standards of the EU. The new members that are going to join will definitely boost the EU in world terms, getting over 500 million people making it 1 of the largest if not the largest market in the world with greatest economic significance. There are many factors that need to be overcome, economic, political, legal and social which need to be aligned with the EU ones and then integration can occur. The EU will benefit from more members joining and may also (in many years time) become the world's only market, where everyone is part of it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. A clear explanation of key underpinning economic theories relevant to the EU.

    The Germans have adopted the single currency and the country has the unmissable museums and art galleries. The majority of Germans class them selves of being Catholic, there are also other religions such as Islam and Judaism. German is considered to be the second most richest country in the world with one of the most effective education systems.

  2. The EU automotive industry currently faces a number of issues. It lags behind the ...

    Relocation would also mean that companies can avoid import tariffs and other related costs, and therefore increase profit margins. Employment costs not only include wages, but also healthcare benefits and pensions. Since the introduction of the Euro, it has been easier to compare employment costs across Europe.

  1. Back ground information about the EU

    To make sure that EU does what it sets out to do, a number of European community institutions were set up; these include the European parliament, the commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Court of Justice, and other institutions of a consultative character like the committee of regions.

  2. Regulation 2560/2001 on cross-border payments in Europe.

    monetary policy; second, to improve the soundness and efficiency of payments in euros; and third, to provide a safe and reliable mechanism for the settlement of payments on a RTGS basis (...).' (Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems, 2003). TARGET links the RTGS-systems of the fifteen ('old') EU member states.

  1. Road freight transport - Paying its way?

    But, there are indirect charges (e.g fuel tax, vehicle tax) which are aimed at covering the total infrastructure costs (Link & Maybach 1999). - Environmental costs Environmental effects of road transport cover a wide range of different impacts, including the impacts of noise and emissions of pollutants (CO, NC, NO2)

  2. Who benefits and who loses when a common market for labour is extended to ...

    With greater competition there will be greater price convergence so premium prices within the EU would be driven down by competition. Remaining trade barriers to free trade meant there was still variations in price with in practise the effet of the common market on price convergence was somewhat lmited and

  1. Sustainable development or fish eat fish world? 'EU external trade policy'.

    This triggered the EC to focus on the external dimension of Community activities. Furthermore, the completion of the internal market and the removal of internal borders required common external frontiers and more coherent external policies. The Community became more aware of its role in and its possible influence on the international society.

  2. "The World We're In," by British author Will Hutton - A discussion of America ...

    Despite this grumbling, I'll give the book a "+". Hutton is articulating some very important ideas-- ones that I wish more Americans would think about seriously. America is currently the only superpower, but this won't continue indefinitely. A united Europe is a viable world power, and one that the world could benefit from (not to mention that Europe could

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work